•  72
    Second-Person Accounts and the Problem of Evil
    Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 57 (4): 745-771. 2001.
    In this paper, the author argues that a second-person experience is an experience one has when one has conscious awareness of another consciously aware person. The author shows that there are some things we know in second-person experiences which are either difficult or impossible to put in propositional form at all but stories can capture them for us. An account of a second-person experience is what we typically find in narratives. The author argues that the second-person point of view has a sp…Read more
  •  70
    Saadia Gaon on the Problem of Evil
    Faith and Philosophy 14 (4): 523-549. 1997.
    Considerable effort has been expended on constructing theodicies which try to reconcile the suffering of unwilling innocents, such as Job, with the existence and nature of God as understood in Christian theology. There is, of course, abundant reflection on the problem of evil and the story of Job in the history of Jewish thought, but this material has not been discussed much in contemporary philosophical literature. I want to take a step towards remedying this defect by examining the interpretat…Read more
  •  69
    Reasoned Faith: Essays in Philosophical Theology in Honor of Norman Kretzmann (edited book)
    with Norman Kretzmann
    Cornell University Press. 1993.
  •  69
    The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas (edited book)
    with Brian Davies
    Oxford University Press. 2011.
    This Handbook is therefore meant to be useful to someone wanting to learn about Aquinas's philosophy and theology while also looking for help in philosophical ...
  •  66
    Penelhum on skeptics and fideists
    Synthese 67 (1). 1986.
    Professor Penelhum has argued that there is a common error about the history of skepticism and that the exposure of this error would significantly improve our understanding of a current confusion in the philosophy of religion with regard to the issue of the rationality of religious beliefs. Penelhum considers certain contemporary philosophers of religion such as Plantinga skeptics because he reads Plantinga (for example) as arguing that religious beliefs are properly groundless in virtue of the …Read more
  •  63
    Dust, Determinism, and Frankfurt: A Reply to Goetz
    Faith and Philosophy 16 (3): 413-422. 1999.
    In a preceding issue of Faith and Philosophy Stewart Goetz criticized a paper of mine in which I try to show that libertarians need not be committed to the principle of alternative possibilities and that Frankfurt-style counterexamples to PAP are no threat to libertarianism. In my view, the main problem with Goetz’s arguments is that Goetz does not properly understand my position. In this paper, I respond to Goetz by summarizing my position in as plain a way as possible. Goetz’s charge against m…Read more
  •  62
    The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas (edited book)
    with Norman Kretzmann
    Cambridge University Press. 1993.
    Among the great philosophers of the Middle Ages Aquinas is unique in pursuing two apparently disparate projects. On the one hand he developed a philosophical understanding of Christian doctrine in a fully integrated system encompassing all natural and supernatural reality. On the other hand, he was convinced that Aristotle's philosophy afforded the best available philosophical component of such a system. In a relatively brief career Aquinas developed these projects in great detail and with an as…Read more
  •  60
    Responsibility and Atonement
    Faith and Philosophy 11 (2): 321-328. 1994.
  •  55
    The Atonement and the Problem of Shame
    Journal of Philosophical Research 41 (9999): 111-129. 2016.
    The atonement has been traditionally understood to be a solution to the problem created by the human proneness to moral wrongdoing. This problem includes both guilt and shame. Although the problem of human guilt is theologically more central to the doctrine of the atonement, the problem of shame is something that the atonement might be supposed to remedy as well if it is to be a complete antidote to the problems generated by human wrongdoing. In this paper, I discuss the difference between guilt…Read more
  •  52
    The Atonement and the Problem of Shame in advance
    Journal of Philosophical Research. forthcoming.
  •  52
    The Logic of God Incarnate
    Faith and Philosophy 6 (2): 218-223. 1989.
  •  52
    Boethius's Works on the Topics
    Vivarium 12 (2): 77-93. 1974.
  •  52
    Persons, identification, and freedom
    Philosophical Topics 24 (2): 183-214. 1996.
  •  51
    Orthodoxy and Heresy
    Faith and Philosophy 16 (2): 147-163. 1999.
    Alvin Plantinga’s “Advice to Christian Philosophers” had the effect of getting contemporary Christian philosophers to recognize themselves as a part of a community with a worldview different from that found in the rest of Academia, and to take seriously in their work their commitment to that distinct worldview. I argue that in the current climate of opinion, generated at least in part by Plantinga’s advice, it would be worthwhile for contemporary Christian philosophers to consider that we also b…Read more
  •  47
    Hoffman on Petitionary Prayer
    Faith and Philosophy 2 (1): 30-37. 1985.
  •  42
    Aquinas on Justice
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 71 61-78. 1997.
  •  41
    St. Thomas Aquinas on the Existence of God
    International Studies in Philosophy 14 (2): 114-115. 1982.
  •  39
    The Divine Trinity
    Faith and Philosophy 3 (4): 463-468. 1986.
  •  38
    Aquinas's Account of Freedom: Intellect and Will
    In Brian Davies (ed.), The Monist, Oup Usa. pp. 576-597. 2002.
  •  38
    Personal relations and moral residue
    History of the Human Sciences 17 (2-3): 33-56. 2004.
    To what extent can one be saddled with responsibility or guilt as a result of actions committed not by oneself but by others with whom one has a familial or national connection or some other communal association? The issue of communal guilt has been extensively discussed, and there has been no shortage of writers willing to apply the notion of communal responsibility and guilt to Germany after the Holocaust. But the whole notion of communal guilt is deeply puzzling. How can evil actions cast a s…Read more
  •  36
    Simplicity Made Plainer: A Reply to Ross
    with Norman Kretzmann
    Faith and Philosophy 4 (2): 198-201. 1987.
    The authors try to show that many of the differences between Ross and themselves are only apparent, masking considerable agreement. Among the real disagreements, at least one is over the interpretation of Aquinas’s account of divine simplicity, but the mostcentral disagreement consists in the authors’ claim that their concern was not with a distinction between the way God is and the way he might have been but with the difference between the way God is necessarily and the way he is contingently. …Read more
  •  35
    L. M. de rijk on Peter of Spain
    with Norman Kretzmann, John Longeway, and John Van Dyk
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (3): 325-333. 1978.
  •  34
    This 1982 book is a history of the great age of scholastism from Abelard to the rejection of Aristotelianism in the Renaissance, combining the highest standards of medieval scholarship with a respect for the interests and insights of contemporary philosophers, particularly those working in the analytic tradition. The volume follows on chronologically from The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, though it does not continue the histories of Greek and Islamic philosophy …Read more
  •  34
    Logic and the Philosophy of Language (edited book)
    with Norman Kretzmann
    Cambridge University Press. 1988.
    This is the first of a three-volume anthology intended as a companion to The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Volume 1 is concerned with the logic and the philosophy of language, and comprises fifteen important texts on questions of meaning and inference that formed the basis of Medieval philosophy. As far as is practicable, complete works or topically complete segments of larger works have been selected. The editors have provided a full introduction to the volume and detailed int…Read more
  •  33
    The Openness of God: Eternity and Free Will
    In Mirosław Szatkowski (ed.), Ontology of Theistic Beliefs, De Gruyter. pp. 137-154. 2018.
  •  33
    This volume explores the ethical dimensions of a wide selection of philosophical and theological topics in Aquinas's texts.
  •  30
    Boethius’s De topicis differentiis
    Philosophical Review 88 (3): 486-488. 1979.