•  471
    (ed. Tamar Szabo Gendler, Susanna Siegel and Steven M. Cahn) Oxford, 2007.
  •  8
    The Elements of Philosophy: Readings From Past and Present (edited book)
    Oxford University Press USA. 2007.
    The Elements of Philosophy: Readings from Past and Present offers an extensive collection of classic and contemporary readings, organized topically into five main sections: Religion and Belief, Moral and Political Philosophy, Metaphysics and Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind and Language, and Life and Death. Within these broad areas, readings are arranged in clusters that address both traditional issues--such as the existence of God, justice and the state, knowledge and skepticism, and free will-…Read more
  •  3264
    The Problem of Imaginative Resistance
    In John Gibson & Noël Carroll (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Literature, Routledge. pp. 405-418. 2016.
    The problem of imaginative resistance holds interest for aestheticians, literary theorists, ethicists, philosophers of mind, and epistemologists. We present a somewhat opinionated overview of the philosophical discussion to date. We begin by introducing the phenomenon of imaginative resistance. We then review existing responses to the problem, giving special attention to recent research directions. Finally, we consider the philosophical significance that imaginative resistance has—or, at least, …Read more
  •  205
    Exceptional persons: On the limits of imaginary cases
    Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (5-6): 592-610. 1998.
    It is of great use to the sailor to know the length of his line, though he cannot with it fathom all the depths of the ocean. It is well he knows that it is long enough to reach the bottom at such places as are necessary to direct his voyage, and caution him against running upon shoals that may ruin him.
  •  3195
    Alief and Belief
    Journal of Philosophy 105 (10): 634-663. 2008.
    Forthcoming, Journal of Philosophy [pdf manuscript].
  •  2
    Personal Identity and Metaphysics
    In Brian McLaughlin, Ansgar Beckermann & Sven Walter (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind, Oxford University Press. 2009.
  •  388
    Philosophical thought experiments, intuitions, and cognitive equilibrium
    In Peter A. French & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Philosophy and the Empirical, Blackwell. pp. 68-89. 2007.
    It is a commonplace that contemplation of an imaginary particular may have cognitive and motivational effects that differ from those evoked by an abstract description of an otherwise similar state of affairs. In his Treatise on Human Nature, Hume ([1739] 1978) writes forcefully of this.
  •  628
    Conceivability and Possibility (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2002.
    The capacity to represent things to ourselves as possible plays a crucial role both in everyday thinking and in philosophical reasoning; this volume offers much-needed philosophical illumination of conceivability, possibility, and the relations between them.
  •  384
    Origin essentialism: The arguments reconsidered
    Mind 109 (434): 285-298. 2000.
    ln "Possibilities and the Arguments for Origin Essentialism" Teresa Robertson (1998) contends that the best-known arguments in favour of origin essentialism can succeed only at the cost of violating modal common sense—by denying that any variation in constitution or process of assembly is possible. Focusing on the (Kripke-style) arguments of Nathan Salmon and Graeme Forbes, Robertson shows that both founder in the face of sophisticated Ship of Theseus style considerations. While Robertson is rig…Read more
  •  993
    On the epistemic costs of implicit bias
    Philosophical Studies 156 (1): 33-63. 2011.
  •  249
    Galileo and the indispensability of scientific thought experiment
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (3): 397-424. 1998.
    By carefully examining one of the most famous thought experiments in the history of science—that by which Galileo is said to have refuted the Aristotelian theory that heavier bodies fall faster than lighter ones—I attempt to show that thought experiments play a distinctive role in scientific inquiry. Reasoning about particular entities within the context of an imaginary scenario can lead to rationally justified concluusions that—given the same initial information—would not be rationally justifia…Read more
  •  705
    Alief in Action (and Reaction)
    Mind and Language 23 (5): 552--585. 2008.
    I introduce and argue for the importance of a cognitive state that I call alief. An alief is, to a reasonable approximation, an innate or habitual propensity to respond to an apparent stimulus in a particular way. Recognizing the role that alief plays in our cognitive repertoire provides a framework for understanding reactions that are governed by nonconscious or automatic mechanisms, which in turn brings into proper relief the role played by reactions that are subject to conscious regulation an…Read more
  •  37
    The Elements of Philosophy: Readings From Past and Present (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2008.
    The Elements of Philosophy: Readings from Past and Present is a comprehensive collection of historical and contemporary readings across the major fields of philosophy. With depth and quality, this introductory anthology offers a selection of readings that is both extensive and expansive; the readings span twenty-five centuries. They are organized topically into five parts: Religion and Belief, Moral and Political Philosophy, Metaphysics and Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind and Language, and Life…Read more
  •  83
  •  509
    A brief "advertisement" in response to Roy Sorensen's "advertisement" "A Cure for Incontinence".
  •  1051
    Pretense and Imagination
    Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews 2 (1): 79-94. 2011.
    Issues of pretense and imagination are of central interest to philosophers, psychologists, and researchers in allied fields. In this entry, we provide a roadmap of some of the central themes around which discussion has been focused. We begin with an overview of pretense, imagination, and the relationship between them. We then shift our attention to the four specific topics where the disciplines' research programs have intersected or where additional interactions could prove mutually beneficial: …Read more
  •  148
    Perceptual Experience (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2006.
    In the last few years there has been an explosion of philosophical interest in perception; after decades of neglect, it is now one of the most fertile areas for new work. Perceptual Experience presents new work by fifteen of the world's leading philosophers. All papers are written specially for this volume, and they cover a broad range of topics dealing with sensation and representation, consciousness and awareness, and the connections between perception and knowledge and between perception and …Read more
  • Introduction
    In Tamar Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Perceptual Experience, Oxford University Press. 2006.
  •  57
    Review of Paul Harris, The Work of the Imagination (review)
    Mind 111 (442): 414-418. 2002.
    I had a structural worry about the relation of Gaita’s three chapters on truth, interesting though these chapters are, to the rest of Gaita’s project. And I had some residual questions left after reading the book: What are persons? How do we know when we are encountering one, and when are we justified (we must be sometimes: compare the various sorts of animal) in a decision that something we encounter is not a person? Do evil actions always involve a sort of blindness to what is being done? If s…Read more
  •  34
    Tools of the Trade
    The Harvard Review of Philosophy 4 (1): 81-85. 1994.
  •  361
    Thought experiments rethought—and reperceived
    Philosophy of Science 71 (5): 1152-1163. 2004.
    Contemplating imaginary scenarios that evoke certain sorts of quasi‐sensory intuitions may bring us to new beliefs about contingent features of the natural world. These beliefs may be produced quasi‐observationally; the presence of a mental image may play a crucial cognitive role in the formation of the belief in question. And this albeit fallible quasi‐observational belief‐forming mechanism may, in certain contexts, be sufficiently reliable to count as a source of justification. This sheds ligh…Read more
  •  216
    On the relation between pretense and belief
    In Matthew Kieran & Dominic McIver Lopes (eds.), Imagination Philosophy and the Arts, Routledge. pp. 125--141. 2003.
    By the age of two, children are able to engage in highly elaborate games of symbolic pretense, in which objects and actions in the actual world are taken to stand for objects and actions in a realm of make-believe. These games of pretense are marked by the presence of two central features, which I will call quarantining and mirroring (see also Leslie 1987; Perner 1991). Quarantining is manifest to the extent that events within the pretense-episode are taken to have effects only within that prete…Read more
  •  75
    Critical Study of Carol Rovane’s The Bounds of Agency (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1). 2002.
    “Like much recent work on personal identity,” Carol Rovane writes in the opening sentence of The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics, “this effort takes its main cue from Locke”. The work also—as its title suggests—takes inspiration from Strawsonian neo-Kantianism. And although direct allusion to his writings is limited to a few passing references, Rovane’s essay is largely Davidsonian in spirit. Indeed, it would not be an exaggeration to say that The Bounds of Agency answers a…Read more
  •  67
    On the possibility of feminist epistemology
    Metaphilosophy 27 (1-2): 104-117. 1996.
  •  325
    Personal identity and thought-experiments
    Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206): 34-54. 2002.
    Through careful analysis of a specific example, Parfit’s ‘fission argument’ for the unimportance of personal identity, I argue that our judgements concerning imaginary scenarios are likely to be unreliable when the scenarios involve disruptions of certain contingent correlations. Parfit’s argument depends on our hypothesizing away a number of facts which play a central role in our understanding and employment of the very concept under investigation; as a result, it fails to establish what Parfit clai…Read more
  •  175
    Imaginative contagion
    Metaphilosophy 37 (2): 183-203. 2006.
    The aim of this article is to expand the diet of examples considered in philosophical discussions of imagination and pretense, and to offer some preliminary observations about what we might learn about the nature of imagination as a result. The article presents a number of cases involving imaginative contagion: cases where merely imagining or pretending that P has effects that we would expect only perceiving or believing that P to have. Examples are offered that involve visual imagery, motor ima…Read more
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