•  65
    Egoism, Reason, and the Social Contract
    Hobbes Studies 25 (2): 209-222. 2012.
    Bernard Gert’s distinctive interpretation of the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes in his recent book may be questioned in at least three areas: (1) Even if Hobbes is not a psychological egoist, he seems to be a desire egoist, which has the consequence, as he understands it, that a person acts at least for his own good in every action. (2) Although there are several senses of reason, it seems that Hobbes uses the idea that reason is calculation of means to ends; while such calculation sets intermediat…Read more
  •  64
    Necessity and competence
    The Philosophers' Magazine 50 (50): 82-83. 2010.
  •  53
    The write stuff
    The Philosophers' Magazine 31 (31): 51-53. 2005.
  •  47
    Parkin’s book covers the same period and much of the same material as John Bowle’s Hobbes and his Critics and Samuel Mintz’s The Hunting of Leviathan, but his scholarship is more extensive and significantly better than that of the earlier books. The scholarship is similar to that of Jeffrey Collins in Hobbes’s Allegiance and belongs to the same school of Cambridge contextualism. Parkin’s book contains good summaries of the books and pamphlets that were published about Hobbes’ political and relig…Read more
  •  46
    Conversational maxims and some philosophical problems
    Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120): 215-228. 1980.
  •  44
    The Attributive Use of Proper Names
    Analysis 37 (4). 1977.
  •  43
    Morality in the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes: Cases in the law of nature (review)
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (1): 125-126. 2011.
    Sharon Lloyd's new book on Hobbes is one of the most significant in the last twenty-five years. She presents an original thesis about the foundation of Hobbes's moral philosophy, namely, that his basic moral principle is what she calls the "reciprocity theorem": "From our common definition of man as rational, Hobbes argues that we won't count a person as rational unless he can formulate and is willing to offer, at least post hoc, what he regards as justifying reasons for his conduct " . Three fe…Read more
  •  42
    A pragmatic solution to the liar paradox
    Philosophical Studies 43 (1). 1983.
  •  41
    The political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes
    Think 3 (7): 55-60. 2004.
    Al Martinich explains Hobbes' view on how the rights of the individual are to be balanced against the need for government
  •  33
    A solution to a paradox of promising
    Philosophia 15 (1-2): 117-122. 1985.
  •  32
    Mozi’s Ideal Political Philosophy
    with Siwing Tsoi
    Asian Philosophy 25 (3): 253-274. 2015.
    The main purpose of this article is to show that the essence of Mozi’s political theory, namely that a civil state is in its best or ideal condition when each citizen exercises universal care, is more defensible than it is usually thought to be. Doing this will require an exposition of the main features of his theory and occasionally reference arguments and considerations outside of Mozi’s text. We interpret the disagreement between Mozi and his alleged Confucian opponents as a disagreement abou…Read more
  •  31
    The Achilles of Rationalist Arguments
    International Studies in Philosophy 8 236-238. 1976.
  •  30
  •  30
    Referring
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (2): 157-172. 1979.
  •  29
    Historia ecclesiastica (review)
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3). 2009.
    This book in effect consists of two parts. The first part contains seven chapters on Historia Ecclesiastica Carmine and related topics, written by Patricia Springborg over many years. While valuable, they will not be discussed here because these have been previously published. The second part is a critical text and translation, on facing pages, of Historia Ecclesiastica by Springborg, Patricia Stablein, and Paul Wilson, accompanied by extensive explanatory and interpretive notes by the same scho…Read more
  •  28
    Meaning and Intention: Black Versus Grice
    Dialectica 44 (1‐2): 79-98. 1990.
  •  27
    Toward a New Sensibility
    International Studies in Philosophy 19 (1): 66-67. 1987.
  •  26
    Philosophy in Question
    International Studies in Philosophy 22 (3): 116-117. 1990.
  •  26
    God, Emperor and Relative Identity
    Franciscan Studies 39 (1): 180-191. 1979.
    This article defends my claim, first presented in "identity and trinity," "journal of religion" (1978), that the doctrine of the trinity is consistent. drawing upon tertullian's defense of the doctrine in "adversus praxean", i argue that the logic of the trinity is similar to the logic of emperorship. at various times, two persons, for example, diocletian and maximian, were the same emperor of the roman empire, just as three persons are the same god
  •  24
  •  23
    Infallibility: A. P. MARTINICH
    Religious Studies 16 (1): 15-27. 1980.
    It has often been charged that the doctrine of papal infallibility is either false or incoherent. These charges stem, I believe, from a misunderstanding of the logical character of infallible papal utterances, a misunderstanding shared alike by friends and foes of the doctrine. In this paper, I shall argue that the doctrine is both coherent and correct. I devote section I to uncovering some of the sources of this misunderstanding and thereby defending what might be called my negative thesis, nam…Read more
  •  23
    Religion, fanaticism, and liberalism
    Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4). 2000.
  •  19
    Duns Scotus on the Possibility of an Infinite Being
    Philosophical Topics 13 (Supplement): 23-29. 1982.
    THE MAJOR PREMISE OF DUNS SCOTUS'S IMPRESSIVE PROOF FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD HAS BEEN NEGLECTED. THAT PREMISE, "THE MOST PERFECT BEING IS INFINITE," IS ESTABLISHED IN TWO WAYS. THE KEY PREMISE IN EACH WAY IS THE PROPOSITION, "POSSIBLY, SOME BEING IS INFINITE." THIS PROPOSITION CANNOT BE PROVEN TO BE TRUE, NOT BECAUSE IT IS IN ANY WAY DUBIOUS OR LACKING IN EVIDENCE, BUT BECAUSE ITS TERMS ARE SIMPLE AND NOT SUBJECT TO PROOF OR FURTHER ANALYSIS. BEING IS THE SIMPLEST AND MOST IMMEDIATE OF CONCEPTS;…Read more
  •  18
    The Philosophy of Language
    with David Sosa
    Oxford University Press USA. 2012.
    What is meaning? How is linguistic communication possible? What is the nature of language? What is the relationship between language and the world? How do metaphors work? The Philosophy of Language, Sixth Edition, is an excellent introduction to such fundamental questions. Incorporating insights from new coeditor David Sosa, the sixth edition collects forty-eight of the most important articles in the field, making it the most up-to-date and comprehensive volume on the subject. Revised to address…Read more