•  5043
    Bioethics in Canada (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2013.
    This is the table of contents of and introduction to a textbook entitled Bioethics in Canada. It is designed mainly for use in Canada. Of the 51 articles that it contains, 26 are written by Canadians.
  •  4519
    Ideal utilitarianism states that the only fundamental requirement of morality is to promote a plurality of intrinsic goods. This paper critically evaluates Hastings Rashdall’s arguments for ideal utilitarianism, while comparing them with G. E. Moore’s arguments. Section I outlines Rashdall’s ethical outlook. Section II considers two different arguments that he provides for its theory of rightness. Section III discusses his defence of a pluralist theory of value. Section IV argues that Rashdall m…Read more
  •  1267
    Utilitarianism, Welfare, Children
    In Alexander Bagattini & Colin Macleod (eds.), The Nature of Children's Well-Being: Theory and Practice, Springer. pp. 85-103. 2014.
    Utilitarianism is the view according to which the only basic requirement of morality is to maximize net aggregate welfare. This position has implications for the ethics of creating and rearing children. Most discussions of these implications focus either on the ethics of procreation and in particular on how many and whom it is right to create, or on whether utilitarianism permits the kind of partiality that child rearing requires. Despite its importance to creating and raising children, there ar…Read more
  •  1259
    The Ethical Principles of Effective Altruism
    Journal of Global Ethics 12 (2): 137-146. 2016.
    This paper is an examination of the ethical principles of effective altruism as they are articulated by Peter Singer in his book The Most Good You Can Do. It discusses the nature and the plausibility of the principles that he thinks both guide and ought to guide effective altruists. It argues in § II pace Singer that it is unclear that in charitable giving one ought always to aim to produce the most surplus benefit possible and in § III that there is a more attractive set of principles than the …Read more
  •  1238
    Griffin, James (1933-)
    In James Crimmins (ed.), Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism, Bloomsbury. pp. 186-188. 2013.
    Dictionary entry discussing the main moral and meta-ethical doctrines found in the works of James Griffin.
  •  1212
    Rashdall, Hastings (1858-1924)
    In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, Wiley-blackwell. 2013/2016.
    An opinionated encyclopedia entry on Hastings Rashdall, in which several worries about his case for ideal utilitarianism are raised.
  •  1200
    Utilitarian Practical Ethics: Sidgwick and Singer
    In Placido Bucolo, Roger Crisp & Bart Schultz (eds.), Henry Sidgwick: Ethics, Psychics, and Politics, Catania: University of Catania Press. 2011.
    It is often argued that Henry Sidgwick is a conservative about moral matters, while Peter Singer is a radical. Both are exponents of a utilitarian account of morality but they use it to very different effect. I think this way of viewing the two is mistaken or, at the very least, overstated. Sidgwick is less conservative than has been suggested and Singer is less radical than he initially seems. To illustrate my point, I will rely on what each has to say about the moral demands of suffering and d…Read more
  •  863
    Henry Sidgwick's Moral Epistemology
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4): 491-519. 2010.
    In this essay I defend the view that Henry Sidgwick’s moral epistemology is a form of intuitionist foundationalism that grants common-sense morality no evidentiary role. In §1, I outline both the problematic of The Methods of Ethics and the main elements of its argument for utilitarianism. In §§2-4 I provide my interpretation of Sidgwick’s moral epistemology. In §§ 5-8 I refute rival interpretations, including the Rawlsian view that Sidgwick endorses some version of reflective equilibrium and th…Read more
  •  816
    Singer, Peter (1946-)
    In Michael Gibbons (ed.), Encyclopedia of Political Thought, Wiley-blackwell. pp. 3454-3455. 2014.
    A short encyclopedia article on Peter Singer which discusses his views on the obligations that the global wealthy have to the global poor and on our obligations to non-human animals.
  •  786
    E. F. Carritt (1876-1964)
    In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, Wiley-blackwell. 2016.
    E. F. Carritt (1876-1964) was educated at and taught in Oxford University. He made substantial contributions both to aesthetics and to moral philosophy. The focus of this entry is his work in moral philosophy. His most notable works in this field are The Theory of Morals (1928) and Ethical and Political Thinking (1947). Carritt developed views in metaethics and in normative ethics. In meta-ethics he defends a cognitivist, non-naturalist moral realism and was among the first to respond to A. J. A…Read more
  •  680
    This is a critical review of Terence Irwin's The Development of Ethics: A Historical and Critical Study. Volume III: From Kant to Rawls. Among other things, the review remarks on the book's treatment of utilitarianism and on its lack of discussion of work in feminist ethics in the twentieth century.
  •  599
    Ideal Utilitarianism
    In James Crimmins (ed.), Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism, Bloomsbury Academic. 2013.
    An opinionated encyclopedia entry on ideal utilitarianism in which various arguments for the view are discussed and evaluated.
  •  509
    On Sidgwick's Demise: A Reply to Professor Deigh
    Utilitas 22 (1): 70-77. 2010.
    In ‘Sidgwick’s Epistemology’, John Deigh argues that Henry Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics ‘was not perceived during his lifetime as a major and lasting contribution to British moral philosophy’ and that interest in it declined considerably after Sidgwick’s death because the epistemology on which it relied ‘increasingly became suspect in analytic philosophy and eventually [it was] discarded as obsolete’. In this article I dispute these claims.
  •  465
    A philosophical discussion of children's well-being in which various existing views of well-being are discussed to determine their implications for children's well-being and a variety of views of children's well-being are considered and evaluated.
  •  443
    David Phillips’s Sidgwickian Ethics is a penetrating contribution to the scholarly and philosophical understanding of Henry Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics. This note focuses on Phillips’s understanding of (aspects of) Sidgwick’s argument for utilitarianism and the moral epistemology to which he subscribes. In § I, I briefly outline the basic features of the argument that Sidgwick provides for utilitarianism, noting some disagreements with Phillips along the way. In § II, I raise some objection…Read more
  •  437
    Ross, William David (1877-1971)
    In James Crimmins (ed.), Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism, Bloomsbury Academic. 2013.
    A short encyclopedia article devoted to W. D. Ross.
  •  429
    Review of Fred Feldman, What is This Thing Called Happiness? (review)
    Philosophical Quarterly 63 (251): 395-398. 2013.
    A critical review of Fred Feldman's What is This Thing Called Happiness? which includes a partial defence of the life satisfaction theory of happiness.
  •  400
    Henry Sidgwick, 1838-1900
    In J. Mander & A. P. F. Sell (eds.), The Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century British Philosophers, Thoemmes Press. 2002.
    Dictionary entry written on Henry Sidgwick, which surveys the main features of his moral framework.
  •  380
    Critical Notice of Robert Audi, The Good in the Right
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2): 305-325. 2007.
    Critical notice of Robert Audi's The Good in the Right in which doubts are raised about the epistemological and ethical doctrines it defends. It doubts that an appeal to Kant is a profitable way to defend Rossian normative intuitionism.
  •  302
    On Henry Sidgwick’s “My Station and Its Duties”
    Ethics 125 (1): 586-591. 2014.
    This is a retrospective essay on Henry Sidgwick's "My Station and Its Duties" written to mark the 125th anniversary of Ethics. It engages with Sidgwick's remarks on the kind of ethical expertise that the moral philosopher possesses and on his approach to practical ethics generally.
  •  291
    Intuitionism
    In James Crimmins (ed.), Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism, Bloomsbury Academic. 2013.
    An opinionated encyclopedia entry detailing and evaluating the utilitarian engagement with intuitionism.
  •  250
    Review of David Phillips, Sidgwickian Ethics (review)
    Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (6): 794-797. 2015.
    This is a critical review of David Phillips's Sidgwickian Ethics. The book deserves high praise.
  •  241
    This is a critical review of J. B. Schneewind's Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy which both praises and raises worries about some of the main claims found in select articles in the volume. It engages with Schneewind's remarks on the historiography of moral philosophy.
  •  219
    Introduction to the Symposium on The Most Good You Can Do
    Journal of Global Ethics 12 (2): 127-131. 2016.
    This is the introduction to the Journal of Global Ethics symposium on Peter Singer's The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. It summarizes the main features of effective altruism in the context of Singer's work on the moral demands of global poverty and some recent criticisms of effective altruism. The symposium contains contributions by Anthony Skelton, Violetta Igneski, Tracy Isaacs and Peter Singer.
  •  210
    Review of Bart Schultz, Henry Sidgwick, Eye of the Universe: An Intellectual Biography (review)
    Philosophy in Review 25 (3): 231-234. 2005.
    A critical review of Bart Schultz, Henry Sidgwick, Eye of the Universe
  •  197
    Henry Sidgwick's Practical Ethics: A Defense
    Utilitas 18 (3): 199-217. 2006.
    Henry Sidgwick's Practical Ethics offers a novel approach to practical moral issues. In this article, I defend Sidgwick's approach against recent objections advanced by Sissela Bok, Karen Hanson, Michael S. Pritchard, and Michael Davis. In the first section, I provide some context within which to situate Sidgwick's view. In the second, I outline the main features of Sidgwick's methodology and the powerful rationale that lies behind it. I emphasize elements of the view that help to defend it, not…Read more
  •  191
    Review of Andrew Irvine and John Russell (eds.), In the Agora: The Public Face of Canadian Philosophy (review)
    The University of Toronto Quarterly 80 (1): 244-245. 2011.
    This is a critical review of In the Agora: The Public Face of Canadian Philosophy. It argues that this book does not adequately represent the public face of Canadian philosophy, though it contains some first-rate contributions.
  •  189
    Children and Wellbeing
    In Anca Gheaus, Gideon Calder & Jurgen De Wispelaere (eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children, Routledge. pp. 90-100. 2018.
    Children are routinely treated paternalistically. There are good reasons for this. Children are quite vulnerable. They are ill-equipped to meet their most basic needs, due, in part, to deficiencies in practical and theoretical reasoning and in executing their wishes. Children’s motivations and perceptions are often not congruent with their best interests. Consequently, raising children involves facilitating their best interests synchronically and diachronically. In practice, this requires caregi…Read more
  •  181
    Review of Glenn McGee (Ed.), Pragmatic Bioethics (review)
    Philosophy in Review 20 (5): 365-367. 2000.
    Critical review of Glenn McGee, ed., Pragmatic Bioethics.