•  1
    'Behind' the Text: History and Biblical Interpretation
    with Craig Bartholomew, Mary Healy, Murray Rae, and Robin Parry
    Harper Collins. 2003.
    The fourth in a series of books that result from annual conferences of the top evangelical hermeneutical scholars in the world. The topic for this book probes contemporary theories on the philosophy and theology of history and analyzes how those views intersect with the concept of the Bible as history.
  • These bibliographies, compiled in one volume, are a component of the computerized International Kierkegaard Bibliographic Database but stand alone because of their unique purpose. Part I consists of Bibliographic Remnants - items that have never been included in a published bibliography or supply additional information or substantive corrections to published bibliographies. Ninety-one of the 221 books, 143 of the 201 articles, and 139 of the 142 dissertations listed are unique to the IKBD. Part …Read more
  •  9
    Accountability and the Fear of the Lord
    Studies in Christian Ethics 34 (3): 316-323. 2021.
    Why did the Biblical writers see the fear of the Lord as a virtue that is conducive to human flourishing? It is difficult for contemporary readers to understand how fear of anything can be virtuous. I propose that the fear of the Lord should be understood as accountability to God. I defend the claim that someone who displays excellence in an accountability relationship does display a virtue, and that this virtue is particularly valuable when exercised in relation to God. If we reject an individu…Read more
  •  1
    Why Kierkegaard Still Matters – and Matters to Me
    Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2010 (2010): 21-32. 2010.
  • L.P. Pojman, "Religious belief and the will"
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 28 (1): 47. 1990.
  • Human persons as substantial achievers
    Philosophia Reformata 58 (2): 100-112. 1993.
    A debate is raging in our culture between two ways of understanding what it is to be a person. We are torn between understanding personhood in metaphysical terms, as a kind of entity, and understanding personhood as anachievement, a status which is attributed to something by virtue of that thing’s activities and/or relationships. On the first view persons are what we are; on the second view persons are something which we must become. I shall term these two ways of thinking about human personhood…Read more
  •  123
    God and Moral Obligation
    Oxford University Press. 2013.
    God and moral obligations -- What is a divine command theory of moral obligation? -- The relation of divine command theory to natural law and virtue ethics -- Objections to divine command theory -- Alternatives to a divine command theory -- Conclusions: The inescapability of moral obligations.
  •  12
    Ñāṇananda’s Concept and Reality: An Assessment
    Buddhist Studies Review 34 (1): 3-23. 2017.
    Bhikkhu Ñ??ananda’s Concept and Reality has exerted a certain influence on Buddhist Studies, from translations of the P?li Nik?yas to interpretations of doctrine. Far beyond proposing translations for papañca and papañca-saññ?sa?kh?, the book lays out a thesis, supported and illustrated by frequent citations from the Nik?yas, concerning the role of concepts and language itself in perpetuating bondage to sa?s?ra. Concepts and language are said to obscure reality in a self-perpetuating cycle that …Read more
  •  7
    Kierkegaard's Aesthete and Unamuno's Niebla
    with J. E. Evans
    Philosophy and Literature 28 (2): 342. 2004.
  • New Dictionary of Christian Apologetics (edited book)
    with W. C. Campbell-Jack and Gavin J. McGrath
    Intervarsity Press. 2006.
  •  32
    The Revolt against Accountability to God
    Philosophia Christi 21 (2): 289-308. 2019.
    Philosophers such as Nietzsche, Marx, and Freud have developed “global hermeneutical perspectives” on human nature. This paper argues that Christian faith also provides such a perspective, which is termed the “no-neutrality thesis.” Humans were created to serve God, but they have rebelled against their rightful sovereign, and this rebellion may show itself in morality. If moral obligations are God’s requirements, then the human rebellion might provide motivation for rejecting objective moral obl…Read more
  •  21
    In this article I compare the kryptic model of the Incarnation, developed by Andrew Loke, with two other models, the “two-minds” model and the kenotic model. All three models succeed in showing the logical coherence of the doctrine of the Incarnation, and I concede that Loke’s model has some of the advantages of both of the other two, while avoiding some perceived disadvantages. However, I argue that Loke’s model also has some of the disadvantages of both of the other models. In conclusion I arg…Read more
  •  15
    God's Own Ethics
    Philosophical Review 128 (3): 337-341. 2019.
  • Louis Mackey, Points of View: Readings of Kierkegaard (review)
    Philosophy in Review 7 359-361. 1987.
  •  10
    How Reformation Christians Can Be Catholic (Small “c”) Christians
    Philosophia Christi 19 (2): 415-427. 2017.
    A key sentence of the Nicene Creed: “We believe in one holy, catholic, and apostolic church.” This paper attempts to explain how a Protestant Christian can be part of the catholic church. What is essential to genuine or “mere” Christianity is adherence to the doctrines in the Nicene Creed. This account is consistent with a Protestant affirmation of “Scripture alone.” Scripture has the highest authority only when properly interpreted, but this requires that the Bible should be read in accord with…Read more
  •  29
    Kierkegaard On Escaping the Cult of Busyness
    with Karl Aho
    Institute of Art and Ideas. 2018.
    A 2016 article in the Journal of Consumer Research argues that busyness has become a status symbol. In earlier societies, such as the 19th century Thorstein Veblen describes in his Theory of the Leisure Class, the wealthy conspicuously avoided work. They saw idleness as an ideal. By contrast, contemporary Americans praise being overworked. They see busy individuals as possessing rare and desirable characteristics, such as competence and ambition. To respond philosophically to our new overwork…Read more
  •  1
    Behaviorism as Existentialism? Ryle and Merleau-Ponty on the Mind
    Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 14 (1): 65-78. 1983.
  •  74
    This paper compares the views and arguments of Alvin Plantinga and Søren Kierkegaard on the question of belief in God. Kierkegaard’s view of belief in God is shown to be surprisinglysimilar to Plantinga’s claim that belief in God can be properly basic. Two of Plantinga’s arguments for taking belief in God as properly basic are shown to have analogues in Kierkegaard.Plantinga claims that though properly basic beliefs are not based on evidence they are nevertheless grounded. In the latter part of …Read more
  •  8
    Wisdom as Conceptual Understanding: A Christian Platonist Perspective
    Faith and Philosophy 27 (4): 369-381. 2010.
    This article argues that Platonism provides a plausible account of wisdom, one that is especially attractive for Christians. Christian Platonism sees wisdom as conceptual understanding; it is a “knowledge of the Forms.” To be convincing this view requires us to see understanding as including an appreciation of the relations between concepts as well as the value of the possible ways of being that concepts disclose. If the Forms are Divine Ideas, then we can see why God is both supremely wise and …Read more
  •  25
    If we assume that Christian faith involves a propositional component whose content is historical, then the question arises as to whether Christian faith must be based on historical evidence, at least in part. One of Kierkegaard’s pseudonyms, Johannes Climacus, argues in Philosophical Fragments that though faith does indeed have such an historical component, it does not depend on evidence, but rather on a first-hand experience of Jesus for which historical records serve only as an occasion. I arg…Read more
  •  7
    Authority and Transcendence in Works of Love
    Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 1998 (1): 23-40. 1998.
  •  34
    If some philosophers had not existed, the history of philosophy would have to invent them. After all, what would the introduction to philosophy teacher do without good old Berkeley, the notorious denier of common sense, or Hume, the infamous sceptic. In some cases, in fact, philosophers have been invented by the history of philosophy. I don't mean to suggest that historians of philosophy have actually altered the past by bringing into being real flesh and blood philosophers. Rather, I mean to sa…Read more
  •  1
    Faith Beyond Reason
    Reason and Religion. 1998.
    This book is an explanation and defence of a veiw of faith and reason that is found in the writings of Kierkegaard, a view often termed as fideism. The author distinguishes indefensible forms of fideism that involve a rejection of reason from a fideism that requires that reason becomeself-critical. An understanding of the limits of reason requires both an understanding of faith as above reason, as in Aquinas and Kant, and also as against what is taken as rational by most human beings.The fiedeis…Read more
  •  11
    I. the ethical as a stage or sphere of existence
    with Robert C. Roberts
    In John Lippitt & George Pattison (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Kierkegaard, Oxford University Press. pp. 211. 2013.
  •  10
    Human persons as substantial achievers
    Philosophia Reformata 58 (2): 100-112. 1993.