•  46
    A Response to Critics of In Defense of Kant’s Religion
    Faith and Philosophy 29 (2): 193-209. 2012.
    This essay replies to four critics of In Defense of Kant’s Religion. In reply to Gordon E. Michalson, Jr., I argue that the best pathway for understandingKant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is to conduct close textual analysis rather than giving up the art of interpretation or allowing meta-considerations surrounding Kant’s personal and political circumstances to govern one’s interpretation. In response to George di Giovanni, I contend that his critique is dismissive of theologi…Read more
  •  44
    Kant and religion: Conflict or compromise?
    Religious Studies 35 (2): 151-171. 1999.
    The standard reading of Kant presumes that 'the moral hypothesis' is a necessary and sufficient condition for understanding his philosophy of religion. This paper opens with the assumption -- taken from one of Kant's last works -- that philosophy and theology must always remain in conflict. Then, by way of an abductive comparison of the positions of Ronald M. Green and John Hick, I demonstrate that the moral hypothesis leads to religious compromises that contradict this assumption. To conclude, …Read more
  •  25
    In Defense of Kant's Religion
    Indiana University Press. 2008.
    Chris L. Firestone and Nathan Jacobs integrate and interpret the work of leading Kant scholars to come to a new and deeper understanding of Kant's difficult book, Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. In this text, Kant's vocabulary and language are especially tortured and convoluted. Readers have often lost sight of the thinker's deep ties to Christianity and questioned the viability of the work as serious philosophy of religion. Firestone and Jacobs provide strong and cogent grounds f…Read more
  •  11
    Can the New Wave Baptize Kant’s Deism?
    Philosophia Christi 19 (1): 123-134. 2017.
    I contend that Kant’s philosophy, as it stands, is strictly deistic in a strictly epistemic sense, but its own internal theological momentum suggests this epistemic deism may be overcome in the eyes of faith because of ontological considerations surrounding God and God’s work in the world. I sketch six “signposts” in defense of this claim that emerge out of the New Wave. Because these signposts lead directly to two philosophically viable and theologically acceptable roadways for overcoming the c…Read more
  •  9
    The Impossible Possibility of Palmquist’s Kant and Mysticism
    Kantian Review 26 (1): 99-104. 2021.
    Stephen R. Palmquist’s Kant and Mysticism revisits his earlier work on Kant and Swedenborg, arguing that, contrary to standard interpretations, the arguments of Dreams of a Spirit-Seer expand into ‘Critical mysticism’ throughout the Critical philosophy and into the Opus Postumum. Although the beginning portions of Palmquist’s book successfully disturb the standard portrait of Kant as the all-destroyer of metaphysics and religious experience, his argument for critical mysticism is inconclusive. I…Read more
  •  4
    Kant’s Apologia
    with Nathan Jacobs
    Philosophia Christi 9 (1): 39-62. 2007.
  •  2
    The Persistence of the Sacred in Modern Thought (edited book)
    with Nathan Jacobs
    Notre Dame University Press. 2012.
    In _The Persistence of the Sacred in Modern Thought,_ Chris L. Firestone, Nathan A. Jacobs, and thirteen other contributors examine the role of God in the thought of major European philosophers from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. The philosophers considered are, by and large, not orthodox theists; they are highly influential freethinkers, emancipated by an age no longer tethered to the authority of church and state. While acknowledging this fact, the contributors are united in arguin…Read more
  • In Defense of Kant's Religion
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (3): 167-171. 2009.
  • Kant on the Christian Religion
    Philosophia Christi 9 (1): 63-72. 2007.
  • Kant and the Question of Theology (edited book)
    Cambridge University Press. 2017.
    God is a problematic idea in Kant's terms, but many scholars continue to be interested in Kantian theories of religion and the issues that they raise. In these new essays, scholars both within and outside Kant studies analyse Kant's writings and his claims about natural, philosophical, and revealed theology. Topics debated include arguments for the existence of God, natural theology, redemption, divine action, miracles, revelation, and life after death. The volume includes careful examination of…Read more