•  4
    Prefacio
    with Federico Holik
    Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 9 1. 2019.
  •  134
    Steven French and Decio Krause examine the metaphysical foundations of quantum physics. They draw together historical, logical, and philosophical perspectives on the fundamental nature of quantum particles and offer new insights on a range of important issues. Focusing on the concepts of identity and individuality, the authors explore two alternative metaphysical views; according to one, quantum particles are no different from books, tables, and people in this respect; according to the other, th…Read more
  •  2
    It is not an exaggeration to say that quantum mechanics is at odds with most of our received metaphysical notions. In particular, an alleged revision is brought about by the theory on the metaphysical notion of ‘individuality’. Certainly, this should figure as being of great interest for metaphysicians and philosophers of science alike. What makes issues even more interesting is that some of the founding fathers of the theory, with their typical philosophical inclinations, suggested that the ent…Read more
  •  235
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Caste…Read more
  •  22
    Quasi-truth is typically advanced as a framework accounting for incompleteness and uncertainty in the actual practices of science. Also, it is said to be useful for accommodating cases of inconsistency in science without leading to triviality. In this paper, we argue that the given developments do not deliver all that is promised. We examine the most prominent account of quasi-truth available in the literature, advanced by da Costa and collaborators in many places, and argue that it cannot legit…Read more
  •  44
    Following J.-Y.Béziau in his pioneer work on non-standard interpretations of the traditional square of opposition, we have applied the abstract structure of the square to study the relation of opposition between states in superposition in orthodox quantum mechanics in [1]. Our conclusion was that such states are contraries, contradicting previous analyzes that have led to different results, such as those claiming that those states represent contradictory properties. In this chapter we bring the …Read more
  •  38
    Does Newtonian Space Provide Identity to Quantum Systems?
    Foundations of Science 24 (2): 197-215. 2019.
    Physics is not just mathematics. This seems trivial, but poses difficult and interesting questions. In this paper we analyse a particular discrepancy between non-relativistic quantum mechanics and ‘classical’ space and time. We also suggest, but not discuss, the case of the relativistic QM. In this work, we are more concerned with the notion of space and its mathematical representation. The mathematics entails that any two spatially separated objects are necessarily different, which implies that…Read more
  •  11
    It is well known that in quantum mechanics we cannot always define consistently properties that are context independent. Many approaches exist to describe contextual properties, such as Contextuality by Default, sheaf theory, topos theory, and non-standard or signed probabilities. In this paper we propose a treatment of contextual properties that is specific to quantum mechanics, as it relies on the relationship between contextuality and indistinguishability. In particular, we propose that if we…Read more
  •  15
    Non-relativistic quantum mechanics is grounded on ‘classical’ space and time. The mathematical description of these con- cepts entails that any two spatially separated objects are necessarily dif- ferent, which implies that they are discernible — we say that the space is T2, or "Hausdorff". But quantum systems, in the most interesting cases, some- times need to be taken as indiscernible, so that there is no way to tell which system is which, and this holds even in the case of fermions. But in th…Read more
  •  10
    This is a general philosophical paper where I overview some of my ideas concerning the non-reflexive foundations of quantum mechanics. By NRFQM I mean an interpretation of QM that considers an involved on- tology of non-individuals as explained in the text. Thus, I do not endorse a purely instrumentalist view of QM, but believe that it speaks of something, and then I try to show that one of the plausible views of this ‘something’ is as entities devoided of identity conditions.
  •  23
    Quantum Logical Structures For Identical Particles
    with Federico Holik and Gómez Ignacio
    In this work we discuss logical structures related to indistinguishable particles. Most of the framework used to develop these structures was presented in [17, 28] and in [20, 14, 15, 16]. We use these structures and constructions to discuss possible ontologies for identical particles. In other words, we use these structures in order to characterize the logical structure of quantum systems for the case of indistinguishable particles, and draw possible philosophical implications. We also review s…Read more
  •  103
    In this paper, we examine the concept of particle as it appears in quantum field theories, focusing on a puzzling situation regarding this concept. Although quantum ‘particles’ arise from fields, which form the basic ontology of QFT, and thus a certain concept of ‘particle’ is al- ways available, the properties ascribed to such ‘particles’ are not completely in agreement with the mathematical and logical description of such fields, which should be taken as individuals.
  •  1401
    Scientific Theories, Models and the Semantic Approach
    Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 11 (2): 187-201. 2007.
    According to the semantic view, a theory is characterized by a class of models. In this paper, we examine critically some of the assumptions that underlie this approach. First, we recall that models are models of something. Thus we cannot leave completely aside the axiomatization of the theories under consideration, nor can we ignore the metamathematics used to elaborate these models, for changes in the metamathematics often impose restrictions on the resulting models. Second, based on a paralle…Read more
  •  69
    In this first paper of a series of works on the foundations of science, we examine the significance of logical and mathematical frameworks used in foundational studies. In particular, we emphasize the distinction between the order of a language and the order of a structure to prevent confusing models of scientific theories with first-order structures, and which are studied in standard model theory. All of us are, of course, bound to make abuses of language even in putatively precise contexts. Th…Read more
  • Quasiset theories for microobjects: A comparison
    with M. L. Dalla Chiara and R. Giuntini
    In Elena Castellani (ed.), Interpreting Bodies, Princeton University Press. pp. 142--52. 1998.
  •  82
    Quantum Sortal Predicates
    Synthese 154 (3). 2007.
    Sortal predicates have been associated with a counting process, which acts as a criterion of identity for the individuals they correctly apply to. We discuss in what sense certain types of predicates suggested by quantum physics deserve the title of 'sortal' as well, although they do not characterize either a process of counting or a criterion of identity for the entities that fall under them. We call such predicates 'quantum-sortal predicates' and, instead of a process of counting, to them is a…Read more
  •  77
    Scientific Theories, Models and the Semantic Approach
    with Krause Décio and Bueno Otávio
    Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 11 (2): 187-201. 2007.
    According to the semantic view, a theory is characterized by a class of models. In this paper, we examine critically some of the assumptions that underlie this approach. First, we recall that models are models of something. Thus we cannot leave completely aside the axiomatization of the theories under consideration, nor can we ignore the metamathematics used to elaborate these models, for changes in the metamathematics often impose restrictions on the resulting models. Second, based on a paralle…Read more
  •  30
    The Quasi-lattice of Indiscernible Elements
    with Mauri Cunha do Nascimento and Hércules Araújo Feitosa
    Studia Logica 97 (1): 101-126. 2011.
    The literature on quantum logic emphasizes that the algebraic structures involved with orthodox quantum mechanics are non distributive. In this paper we develop a particular algebraic structure, the quasi-lattice (J-lattice), which can be modeled by an algebraic structure built in quasi-set theory Q. This structure is non distributive and involve indiscernible elements. Thus we show that in taking into account indiscernibility as a primitive concept, the quasi-lattice that 'naturally' arises is …Read more
  •  2
    Descriptions in quantum mechanics
    Logic Journal of the IGPL 25 (4): 512-523. 2017.
  •  64
    A obra de Newton C.A. Da Costa em Logica
    Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 7 (1-3): 347-386. 1992.
    In this paper we present an overview of Professor Newton C. A. da Costa’s work in logic, emphasizing the main results obtained by him in the several areas of his research activity. The text furnish a detailed bibliographic reference of his works, which are listed in the last section
  • Classical Logic or Non-Reflexive Logic?: A Case of Semantic Underdetermination
    with Jonas Becker Arenhart
    Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 68 (1-2): 73-86. 2012.
  •  36
    On a quasi-set theory
    Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 33 (3): 402--11. 1992.
  •  59
    From primitive identity to the non-individuality of quantum objects
    with Jonas Becker Arenhart
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (2): 273-282. 2014.
    We consider the claim by Dorato and Morganti 591–610) that primitive individuality should be attributed to the entities dealt with by non-relativistic quantum mechanics. There are two central ingredients in the proposal: in the case of non-relativistic quantum mechanics, individuality should be taken as a primitive notion and primitive individuality is naturalistically acceptable. We argue that, strictly understood, naturalism faces difficulties in helping to provide a theory with a unique princ…Read more
  •  21
    Física e Ontologia
    Discusiones Filosóficas 9 (12). 2008.
    objeto físicolas teorías físicas. En la medida en quela física se ocupa de los constitutivosesencial. A pesar de que la física actual node explicar por qué el mundo es comolas físicas
  •  27
    A discussion on quantum non-individuality
    Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (1-2): 105-124. 2012.
    In this paper we consider the notions of structure and models within the semantic approach to theories. To highlight the role of the mathematics used to build the structures which will be taken as the models of theories, we review the notion of mathematical structure and of the models of scientific theories. Then, we analyse a case-study and argue that if a certain metaphysical view of quantum objects is adopted, one seeing them as non-individuals, then there would be strong reasons to ask for a…Read more
  •  92
    Some of the forerunners of quantum theory regarded the basic entities of such theories as 'non-individuals'. One of the problems is to treat collections of such 'things', for they do not obey the axioms of standard set theories like Zermelo- Fraenkel. In this paper, collections of objects to which the standard concept of identity does not apply are termed 'quasi-sets'. The motivation for such a theory, linked to what we call 'the Manin problem', is presented, so as its specific axioms. At the en…Read more
  • Quantum objects are vague objects
    Sorites 6 (1): 21--33. 1996.
    Is there vagueness in the world? This is the central question that we are concerned with. Focusing on identity statements around which much of the recent debate has centred, we argue that `vague identity' arises in quantum mechanics in one of two ways. First, quantum particles may be described as individuals, with `entangled' states understood in terms of non-supervenient relations. In this case, the vagueness is ontic but exists at the level of these relations which act as a kind of `veil'. Sec…Read more
  •  17
    Sobre uma fundamentação não reflexiva da mecânica quântica
    with Newton Carneiro Affonso da Costa, Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart, and Jaison Schinaider
    Scientiae Studia 10 (1): 71-104. 2012.
  •  16
    Paraconsistent logics are logics that can be used to base inconsistent but non-trivial systems. In paraconsistent set theories, we can quan- tify over sets that in standard set theories, if consistent, would lead to contradictions, such as the Russell set, R = fx : x =2 xg. Quasi-set theories are mathematical systems built for dealing with collections of indiscernible elements. The basic motivation for the development of quasi-set theories came from quantum physics, where indiscernible entities …Read more