•  228
    accounts in general, contrary to what he seems to think. Stanley’s discussion concerns the dynamic or ‘forced march’ version of the sorites, viz. the version framed in terms of the judgments that would be made by a competent speaker who proceeds step by step along a sorites series for a vague predicate ‘F’. According to Stanley, the contextualist treatment of the paradox is based on the idea that the speaker shifts the content of the predicate whenever necessary to make it the case that each suc…Read more
  •  206
    On the persistence of phenomenology
    In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Conscious Experience, Ferdinand Schoningh. 1995.
    In Thomas Metzinger, Conscious Experience, Schoningh Verlag. 1995. [ online ]
  •  172
    Borderline cases and bivalence
    Philosophical Review 114 (1): 1-31. 2005.
    It is generally agreed that vague predicates like ‘red’, ‘rich’, ‘tall’, and ‘bald’, have borderline cases of application. For instance, a cloth patch whose color lies midway between a definite red and a definite orange is a borderline case for ‘red’, and an American man five feet eleven inches in height is (arguably) a borderline case for ‘tall’. The proper analysis of borderline cases is a matter of dispute, but most theorists of vagueness agree at least in the thought that borderline cases fo…Read more
  •  169
    Vagueness and context-relativity
    Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3). 1996.
    This paper develops the treatment of vague predicates begun in my "Vagueness Without Paradox" (Philosophical Review 103, 1 [1994]). In particular, I show how my account of vague words dissolves an "eternal" version of the sorites paradox, i.e., a version in which the paradox is generated independently of any particular run of judgments of the items in a sorites series. In so doing I refine the notion of an internal contest, introduced in the earlier paper, and draw a distinction within the class…Read more
  •  129
    Is twelve-tone music artistically defective?
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 27 (1). 2003.
    Worries about the artistic integrity (for lack of a better term) of twelve-tone music are not new. Critics, philosophers, musicians, even composers them- selves have assailed the idiom with a fervor usually reserved for individual artists or works. Just why it is supposed to be defective is not entirely clear, however. I want to revisit these questions by way of putting some insights from music history and theory together with some insights from the philosophy and psychology of music. To find out…Read more
  •  118
    Demoting higher-order vagueness
    In Sebastiano Moruzzi & Richard Dietz (eds.), Cuts and Clouds. Vaguenesss, its Nature and its Logic, Oxford University Press. pp. 509--22. 2009.
    Higher-order vagueness is widely thought to be a feature of vague predicates that any adequate theory of vagueness must accommodate. It takes a variety of forms. Perhaps the most familiar is the supposed existence, or at least possibility, of higher-order borderline cases—borderline borderline cases, borderline borderline borderline cases, and so forth. A second form of higherorder vagueness, what I will call ‘prescriptive’ higher-order vagueness, is thought to characterize complex predicates co…Read more
  •  107
    Indiscriminability and phenomenal continua
    Philosophical Perspectives 26 (1): 309-322. 2012.
  •  106
    Representationalist solutions to the qualia problem are motivated by two fundamental ideas: first, that having an experience consists in tokening a mental representation1; second, that all one is aware of in having an experience is the intentional content of that representation. In particular, one is not aware of any intrinsic features of the representational vehicle itself. For example, when you visually experience a red object, you are aware only of the redness of the object, not any redness o…Read more
  •  103
    Some Thoughts About Thinking About Consciousness
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1): 163-170. 2005.
    David Papineau’s Thinking About Consciousness tells a skillful, inventive, and plausible story about why, given that the phenomenal character of conscious experience is an unproblematically physical property, we continue to suffer from “intuitions of dualism”. According to Papineau, we are misled by the peculiar structure of the phenomenal concepts we use to introspect upon that phenomenal character. Roughly: unlike physical concepts, phenomenal concepts exemplify the kind of experience they are…Read more
  •  102
  •  94
    Even zombies can be surprised: A reply to Graham and Horgan
    Philosophical Studies 122 (2): 189-202. 2005.
    In their paper “Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary” , George Graham and Terence Horgan argue, contrary to a widespread view, that the socalled Knowledge Argument may after all pose a problem for certain materialist accounts of perceptual experience. I propose a reply to Graham and Horgan on the materialist’s behalf, making use of a distinction between knowing what it’s like to see something F and knowing how F things look
  •  75
    Relativism, Retraction, and Evidence
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (1): 171-178. 2016.
  •  63
    Précis of Unruly Words: A Study of Vague Language
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2): 452-456. 2015.
  •  58
    In Unruly Words, Diana Raffman advances a new theory of vagueness which, unlike previous accounts, is genuinely semantic while preserving bivalence. According to this new approach, called the multiple range theory, vagueness consists essentially in a term's being applicable in multiple arbitrarily different, but equally competent, ways, even when contextual factors are fixed.
  •  58
    Vagueness and Observationality
    In Giuseppina Ronzitti (ed.), Vagueness: A Guide, Springer Verlag. pp. 107--121. 2011.
    Of the many families of words that are thought to be vague, so-called observational predicates may be both the most fascinating and the most confounding. Roughly, observational predicates are terms that apply to objects on the basis of how those objects appear to us perceptually speaking. ‘Red’, ‘loud’, ‘sweet’, ‘acrid’, and ‘smooth’ are good examples. Delia Graff explains that a “predicate is observational just in case its applicability to an object (given a fixed context of evaluation) depends…Read more
  •  45
    Responses to Discussants
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2): 483-501. 2015.
  •  45
    The Meaning of Music
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 16 (1): 360-377. 1991.
  •  43
    Toward a cognitive theory of musical ineffability
    Review of Metaphysics 41 (4): 685-706. 1988.
    DESPITE CONSIDERABLE DIFFERENCES OF IDEOLOGY, objective, and style, these theorists join in giving voice to what is perhaps the most deeply rooted conviction in modern aesthetics: that aesthetic experience is, in some essential respect, ineffable. In apprehending a work of art we come to know something we cannot put into words.
  •  42
    First-person authority and the internal reality of beliefs
    In C. Wright, B. Smith, C. Macdonald & the internal reality of beliefs. First-person authority (eds.), Knowing Our Own Minds, Oxford University Press. 1998.
  •  41
    Sorites Paradox
    with Dominic Hyde
    In Edward Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, . 2018.
  •  36
    Transvaluationism: Comments on Horgan
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (S1): 127-132. 1995.
  •  33
    Philosophers of music (and also music theorists) have recognized for a long time that research in the sciences, especially psychology, might have import for their own work. (Langer 1941 and Meyer 1956 are good examples.) However, while scientists had been interested in music as a subject of research (e.g., Helmholtz 1912, Seashore 1938), the discipline known as psychology of music, or more broadly cognitive science of music, came into its own only around 1980 with the publication of several land…Read more
  •  29
    Language, Music, and Mind
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 52 (3): 360-362. 1993.
  •  26
    Thinking about Consciousness
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1): 171-186. 2005.
  •  26
    Review: Some Thoughts about "Thinking about Consciousness" (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1). 2005.
  •  21
    Deeper into Pictures: An Essay on Pictorial Representation (review)
    Philosophical Review 98 (4): 576. 1989.
  •  20
    Contextualism and the Sorites Paradox
    with Inga Bones
    In Sergi Oms & Elia Zardini (eds.), The Sorites Paradox. pp. 63-77. 2019.
  •  8
    Commentary: Transvaluationism
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (S1): 127-127. 1995.