•  26
    Kritik über Jedan (2000): Willensfreiheit bei Aristoteles?
    Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 7 (1): 243-249. 2002.
  •  5
    Aristotle's Political Virtues
    The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 3 154-161. 1998.
    This paper argues that Aristotle conceives happiness not primarily as an exercise of virtue in private or with friends, but as the exercise of virtue in governing an ideal state. The best states are knit together so tightly that the interests of one person are the same as the interests of all. Hence, a person who acts for his or her own good must also act for the good of all fellow citizens. It follows that discussions of Aristotle’s altruism and egoism are misconceived.
  •  1
    Poetry, History, and Dialectic
    The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 3 146-153. 1998.
    Twice in the Poetics, Aristotle contrasts poetry with history. Whatever its didactic value, the contrast has not seemed to readers of special philosophical interest. The aim of this paper is to show that this contrast is philosophically significant not just for our understanding of tragedy but also for the light it sheds on Aristotle’s overall methodology. I shall show how he uses the method sketched in the Topics to define tragedy and explain why the same method will not define history. In part…Read more
  • Uses the problem of the one and the many as a lens through which to examine the Central Books of Aristotle's Metaphysics.
  •  2
    Aristotle's Physics: A Guided Study (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 50 (3): 687-688. 1997.
    Joe Sachs has a refreshing and unusual view of Aristotle's Physics: he thinks that it is a physics. In contrast, most recent writers have seen the work as an exposition of the way nature is spoken and thought about, as metaphysics, or as an anticipation of modern physics. The reason the work is often misunderstood, Sachs maintains, is that translators render it into meaningless terms rooted in medieval Latin translations. Aristotle's own "philosophic vocabulary is... incapable of dogmatic use" b…Read more
  •  27
    Colloquium 2 The Metaphysics of the Syllogism
    Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 33 (1): 31-60. 2018.
    This paper addresses a central metaphysical issue that has not been recognized: what kind of entity is a syllogism? I argue that the syllogism cannot be merely a mental entity. Some counterpart must exist in nature. A careful examination of the Posterior Analytics’s distinction between the syllogism of the fact and the syllogism of the reasoned fact shows that we must set aside contemporary logic to appreciate Aristotle’s logic, enables us to understand the validity of the scientific syllogism t…Read more
  •  14
    Heraclitus and the Possibility of Metaphysics
    Review of Metaphysics 70 (3). 2017.
    Heraclitus is famous for affirming contradictions, though most readers do not regard the content of his fragments as contradictory. Examining fragments 1 and 50, this article argues that Heraclitus aims to assert a special class of contradictions, the intrinsic conflict between the content of any universal metaphysical claim and the assertion or reception of that claim. Such contradictions undermine the possibility of metaphysics as a science that knows all things. Second, the article argues tha…Read more
  •  8
    A Tale of Two Metaphysics: Alison Stone's Environmental Hegel
    Hegel Bulletin 26 (1-2): 1-12. 2005.
  •  9
    Hegel and the Problem of the Differentia
    Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 10 191-202. 1990.
  • Unity in Aristotle's "Metaphysics"
    Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada). 1980.
    Since unity is always explained through something else, it is not primary; it is not the highest cause. Further, secondary unities are not understood through a primary "one"; rather, all ones are understood through being, actuality, etc. Hence, unlike being, unity is not a . In order that "one" function as it does in the Metaphysics it cannot be a . In the second part of the fourth chapter, I discuss Aristotle's definition of "one", and I argue that "one" is analogically defined. ;The final thre…Read more
  • Telos
    In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, Cambridge University Press. 1999.
  •  23
    Aristotle and the Philosophy of Friendship
    Review of Metaphysics 57 (2): 430-432. 2003.
    Pangle’s thesis is that Aristotle’s account of friendship in Nicomachean Ethics 8 and 9 addresses multiple audiences. For his ostensible audience, statesmen and other men of action, Aristotle paints an enticing picture of friendship that is based on moral virtue and issues in acts of benevolence. However, he embeds within this analysis subtle “tensions” designed to signal to thoughtful readers the limits of moral virtue and so to provoke them to pursue a philosophical life as well as to provide …Read more
  •  40
    Review of Metaphysics 57 (2): 383-385. 2003.
  •  48
    Hegel’s Family Values
    Review of Metaphysics 54 (4). 2001.
    FEW PHILOSOPHERS, NONE APPROACHING HIS STATURE, would agree with Hegel’s claim that we have an ethical duty to marry. More commonly, philosophers sanction marriage as ethically permissible, as Kant does, or even, at least in recent years, reject marriage as ethically illegitimate. Hegel’s view reflects his understanding of the family as a moral institution, that is, an institution in which mere participation is a moral act and, therefore, obligatory. The notion that the family is or, at least, i…Read more
  •  12
    "Der unbewegte Beweger des Aristoteles", by Klaus Oehler (review)
    Ancient Philosophy 11 (2): 439. 1991.
  •  14
    Spinoza on the Political Value of Freedom of Religion
    The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 2 37-44. 2006.
    The last chapter of Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise is a brief for freedom of religion. In our enthusiasm for Spinoza's conclusion it is easy to overlook the blatant contradiction between this thesis and the central claim of the immediately preceding chapter that "right over matters of religion is vested entirely in the sovereign." There Spinoza emphasizes the necessity that there be but one sovereign in the state and the threat that autonomous religious authorities would pose to the au…Read more
  •  52
    Aristotle's Solution to the Problem of Sensible Substance
    Journal of Philosophy 84 (11): 666-672. 1987.
  • Plato on the Rationality of Nature
    Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 18 (1-2). 2007.
  •  8
    Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle's Metaphysics 2 & 3 by William E. Dooley & Arthur Madigan (review)
    Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 88 63-64. 1994.
  •  12
    Klein on Aristotle on Number
    New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 11 271-281. 2011.
    Jacob Klein raises two important questions about Aristotle’s account of number: How does the intellect come to grasp a sensible as an intelligible unit? What makes a collection of these intelligible units into one number? His answer to both questions is “abstraction.” First, we abstract a thing’s sensible characteristics to grasp it as a noetic unit. Second, after counting like things, we again disregard their other characteristics and grasp the group as a noetic entity composed of “pure” units.…Read more
  • Thinking About the Environment: Our Debt to the Classical and Medieval Past
    with Alan Holland, Madonna R. Adams, Giovanni Casertano, Lynda G. Clarke, Michael W. Herren, Helen Karabatzaki, Emile F. Kutash, Teresa Kwiatkowska, Parviz Morewedge, Rosmarie Thee Morewedge, Lorina Quartarone, Livio Rossetti, Daryl M. Tress, Valentina Vincenti, and Hideya Yamakawa
    Lexington Books. 2002.
  •  15
    Colloquium 3: Metaphysics I and the Difference it Makes1
    Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 22 (1): 69-110. 2007.