•  152
    Social constructivist approaches to science have often been dismissed as inaccurate accounts of scientific knowledge. In this article, we take the claims of robust social constructivism (SC) seriously and attempt to find a theory which does instantiate the epistemic predicament as described by SC. We argue that Freudian psychoanalysis, in virtue of some of its well-known epistemic complications and conceptual confusions, provides a perfect illustration of what SC claims is actually going on in s…Read more
  •  108
    After contrasting obscurantism with bullshit, we explore some ways in which obscurantism is typically justified by investigating a notorious test-case: defences of Lacanian psychoanalysis. Obscurantism abuses the reader's natural sense of curiosity and interpretive charity with the promise of deep and profound insights about a designated subject matter that is often vague or elusive. When the attempt to understand what the speaker means requires excessive hermeneutic efforts, interpreters are re…Read more
  •  89
    Contextualists and assessment relativists neglect the expressive dimension of assertoric discourse that seems to give rise to faultless disagreement. Discourse that generates the intuition makes public an attitudinal conflict, and the affective -expressive dimension of the contributing utterances accounts for it. The FD-phenomenon is an effect of a public dispute generated by a sequence of expressing opposite attitudes towards a salient object or state of affairs, where the protagonists are maki…Read more
  •  56
    Cigarettes, dollars and bitcoins – an essay on the ontology of money
    with J. P. Smit and Stan du Plessis
    Journal of Institutional Economics 12 (2). 2016.
    What does being money consist in? We argue that something is money if, and only if, it is typically acquired in order to realise the reduction in transaction costs that accrues in virtue of agents coordinating on acquiring the same thing when deciding what thing to acquire in order to exchange. What kinds of things can be money? We argue against the common view that a variety of things (notes, coins, gold, cigarettes, etc.) can be money. All monetary systems are best interpreted as implementing …Read more
  •  56
    Developing the incentivized action view of institutional reality
    with J. P. Smit and Stan du Plessis
    Synthese 191 (8). 2014.
    Contemporary discussion concerning institutions focus on, and mostly accept, the Searlean view that institutional objects, i.e. money, borders and the like, exist in virtue of the fact that we collectively represent them as existing. A dissenting note has been sounded by Smit et al. (Econ Philos 27:1–22, 2011), who proposed the incentivized action view of institutional objects. On the incentivized action view, understanding a specific institution is a matter of understanding the specific actions…Read more
  •  53
    Psychoanalytic Facts as Unintended Institutional Facts
    with M. Boudry
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (2): 239-269. 2012.
    We present an inference to the best explanation of the immense cultural success of Freudian psychoanalysis as a hermeneutic method. We argue that an account of psychoanalytic facts as products of unintended declarative speech acts explains this phenomenon. Our argument connects diverse, seemingly independent characteristics of psychoanalysis that have been independently confirmed, and applies key features of John Searle’s and Eerik Lagerspetz’s theory of institutional facts to the psychoanalytic…Read more
  •  31
    How to Do Things Without Words - A Theory of Declarations
    with J. P. Smit
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (3): 235-254. 2017.
    Declarations like “this meeting is adjourned” make certain facts the case by representing them as being the case. Yet surprisingly little attention has been paid to the mechanism whereby the utterance of a declaration can bring about a new state of affairs. In this paper, we use the incentivization account of institutional facts to address this issue. We argue that declarations can serve to bring about new states of affairs as their utterance have game theoretical import, typically in virtue of …Read more
  •  29
    Kant, Kafka, Josef K
    with Joris van Gorkom, Emmanuel Alloa, Niels Jørgen CAPPELØRN, and Steven Spileers
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 72 (1): 41. 2010.
  •  26
    Semantiek En De Zin Van Het Leven
    Bijdragen 59 (3): 315-337. 1998.
  •  19
    Externalism, content, and causal histories
    Dialectica 48 (3-4): 267-86. 1994.
    SummaryExternalism in philosophy of mind is usually taken to be faced with the following difficulty: from the fact that meanings are externally individuated, it follows that the subjective character of mental states and events becomes problematic. On the basis of a well‐founded approach to similar problems in the philosophy of action, I propose a solution based on two connected issues: we should think of mental states not as beliefs, but as states of knowledge, and thought experiments, designed …Read more
  •  18
    Evolutionair revisionisme en de integriteit van het manifeste zelfbeeld
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 72 (1): 101-129. 2010.
  •  15
    Semantiek en de zin van het leven
    Bijdragen 59 (3): 315-337. 1998.
  •  14
    Liefde de re: Over singuliere emoties
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1). 2000.
    In this paper the author argues that love de re — love for a particular person — is an emotion that is singular in that the beloved person is an external constituent of that emotion. After comparing love de re with other de re attitudes, and distinguishing it from love de dicto, he rejects reductions of love de re to love de dicto. It will be demonstrated the lover must have a dynamic conception of the person he loves which is derived from historical connections with him or her. A merely causal …Read more
  •  13
    Compositionality, Aberrant Sentences and Unfamiliar Situations
    In Gerhard Schurz, Edouard Machery & Markus Werning (eds.), Applications to Linguistics, Psychology and Neuroscience, De Gruyter. pp. 63-82. 2005.
  •  13
    Drie kanttekeningen bij Hans Radder
    Krisis 8 (1): 87-94. 2007.
  •  13
    Het filosofische project Van Donald Davidson
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (2). 1989.
  •  12
    Review of Willem R. De Jong, Argumentatie en formele structuur (review)
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 98 316-318. 2006.
  •  11
    Lacan Begrijpen. Over Filosofische Beweringen
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 98 197-215. 2006.
  •  9
    De lege blik. Antwoord op Van de Vijver en Vanderbeeken
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 99 217-229. 2007.
  •  8
    Most attempts at defining or elucidating ’weak’ or ’strong’ supervenience introduce various forms of _physical indiscernibility_. After glancing at some definitions, I argue that they must fail if mental events are supposed to be genuinely causally efficacious and non-epiphenomenal. Then I elucidate Davidson’s account of supervenience (’D-supervenience’), first as an abstract relation between a predicate and a set of predicates (to be illustrated by uncontroversial examples), and then as applied…Read more
  •  6
    The Genesis of Meaning
    ProtoSociology 10 110-133. 1997.
    In ‘Meaning Revisited’, a reconsideration of his famous views on meaning, H.P. Grice has put forward the thesis that natural meaning might be a precursor or predecessor of non-natural meaning. In this paper, I will take up Grice’s challenge and sketch a picture of how natural meaning could give rise to nn-meaning. The relevance of Grice’s challenge is obvious for current attempts at naturalizing nn-meaning: a plausible theory of the genesis of meaning must show why nn-meaning is not an unexplica…Read more
  •  1
    Het Record Verbeterd
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 89 (4): 292-296. 1997.
  • Vermazen, B. and Hintikka, Merrill B. , Essays on Davidson: Actions and Events
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (n/a): 316-329. 1989.
  • Lynne Rudder Bakers opraktisch realisme
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 89 (3): 240-243. 1997.