• VU University Amsterdam
    Department of Philosophy
    Amsterdam University Medical Centres (location VUmc)
    Dimence Groep, hospital for mental healthcare
    Professor (Part-time)
Utrecht University
Department for Philosophy and Religious Studies
PhD, 1991
Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
  •  297
    The title of this article is ambiguous in the sense that it may direct the attention to either theism as a system of beliefs of persons who are referring to particular facts that serve as external grounds for the foundation of theist beliefs or to theism as a system of beliefs of persons who are convinced of theism’s truth on grounds that are intrinsic to their belief . Traces of both conceptions of theism can be found in Alvin Plantinga’s thesis of the ‘proper basicality’ of religious belief, f…Read more
  •  93
    Elements of a phenomenology of evil and reconciliation (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2006.
  •  79
    Using Network Models in Person-Centered Care in Psychiatry: How Perspectivism Could Help To Draw Boundaries
    with Nina de Boer, Daniel Kostić, Marcos Ross, and Leon de Bruin
    Frontiers in Psychiatry, Section Psychopathology 13 (925187). 2022.
    In this paper, we explore the conceptual problems arising when using network analysis in person- centered care (PCC) in psychiatry. Personalized network models are potentially helpful tools for PCC, but we argue that using them in psychiatric practice raises boundary problems, i.e., problems in demarcating what should and should not be included in the model, which may limit their ability to provide clinically-relevant knowledge. Models can have explanatory and representational boundaries, among …Read more
  •  67
    Churchland, Kandel and Dooyeweerd on the reducibility of mind states
    Philosophia Reformata 67 (2): 148-172. 2002.
    This article is devoted to the conceptual analysis of two texts of leading scholars in cognitive neuroscience and its philosophy, Patricia Churchland and Eric Kandel. After a short introduction about the notion of reduction, I give a detailed account of the way both scientists view the relationship between theories about brain functioning on the one hand and consciousness and psychopathology, respectively, on the other hand. The analysis not only reveals underlying philosophical mind/brain conce…Read more
  •  46
    Christian philosophical anthropology. A reformation perspective
    Philosophia Reformata 75 (2): 141. 2010.
  •  41
    Idem, Ipse, and Loss of the Self
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4): 347-352. 2003.
  •  36
    An Enactive Approach to Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1): 35-50. 2020.
    Enactive approaches to emotion are rare and to anxiety and anxiety disorder even more. This article aims to show how an enactive paradigm might be helpful in solving some problems in the clinical and scientific understanding of anxiety and anxiety disorder. I begin by pointing at a number of relevant clinical features of anxiety and anxiety disorder and by sketching how and why anxiety theories have difficulties with doing justice to these features. I specifically focus on two themes: a) how to …Read more
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  •  32
    Medicine Is a Science and a Normative Practice
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (4): 285-289. 2012.
    I tend to agree with Hillel Braude’s thesis that alleviation of suffering is not an aim, at least not the primary aim, of medicine. However, this thesis needs to be refined and reformulated, because it at best expresses half the truth. The other half is that it is not justifiable for doctors to pay no attention to suffering. In other words, the thesis I would have liked Braude to defend is that it is true that doctors are no experts in existential issues and concerns and that it is equally true …Read more
  •  31
    Self-Management in Psychiatry as Reducing Self-Illness Ambiguity
    with Roy Dings
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (4): 333-347. 2020.
  •  30
    My view on what I see as the predicament of Christian philosophy in ethics has been shaped by a number of experiences. I will first share with you some of these experiences, to give you an impression of the background against which this article has been written
  •  29
    Over the last years, self-management has become a central value in the practice of mental health care. Patients are positioned as expertclients who are actively involved in the management of their disease. Some of the ideas that are implied in the concept of self-management may raise important and intriguing questions. For instance, in the context of psychiatry impaired agency and altered self-experience are often part of the psychopathological process itself. The capacity to manage oneself may …Read more
  •  26
    Psychiatry as Normative Practice
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (1): 33-48. 2019.
    One of paradoxes of current mental health care is that we never have known more about mental disorder and at the same time been more uncertain about the conceptual basis—and, therefore, the legitimacy—of psychiatry.This is remarkable. Psychiatry as a science flourishes. Over the last three decades, there has been an enormous increase in empirical research on the genetic, neurobiological, psychological, and social determinants of mental disorder. At the same time, mental health care has improved …Read more
  •  24
    Reintroducing Consciousness in Psychopathology: Review of the Literature and Conceptual Framework (review)
    with Gert Ouwersloot and Jan Derksen
    Frontiers in Psychology 11. 2020.
    Alterations in consciousness are among the most common transdiagnostic psychopathological symptoms. Therefore clinical practice would benefit from a clear conceptual framework that guides the recognition, comprehension, and treatment of consciousness disorders. However, contemporary psychopathology lacks such a framework. We describe how pathology of consciousness is currently being addressed in clinical psychology and psychiatry so far, and how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Di…Read more
  •  22
    Psychotherapy is a professional activity because the therapist focuses his attention on a certain aspect of his patient’s problem and by this restriction attempts to achieve a deeper insight. A to-be-feared secularization of psychotherapy can be averted if the therapist continues to be aware of the abstract nature of theory, and realizes that one’s affective experience and religious life are intertwined. Dooyeweerd’s philosophical anthropology can be used to clarify this intertwinement. When tre…Read more
  •  21
    Dealing with Self-Illness Ambiguity: A Rebuttal
    with Roy Dings
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (4): 353-354. 2020.
    We thank Sanneke de Haan for her thoughtful response. We agree with what she says and consider it as a further specification of our intentions. We particularly endorse the two main points she raises, that is, that dealing with self-illness ambiguity requires a relational perspective; and that relying on reflection solely is problematic since it plays an only modest role in the resolution of self-illness ambiguity. We discuss both points in reverse order.With respect to the role of reflection, we…Read more
  •  19
    In Search of Normativity of Unconscious Reasoning
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (1): 49-54. 2005.
  •  19
    Borsboom and colleagues have recently proposed a “network theory” of psychiatric disorders that conceptualizes psychiatric disorders as relatively stable networks of causally interacting symptoms. They have also claimed that the network theory should include non-symptom variables such as environmental factors. How are environmental factors incorporated in the network theory, and what kind of explanations of psychiatric disorders can such an “extended” network theory provide? The aim of this arti…Read more
  •  18
    Special Issue: Normative Practices
    Philosophia Reformata 82 (2): 117-120. 2017.