• Although the philosophical literature on both poverty and childhood is certainly increasing, the status of children living in poverty has been largely ignored as a philosophical subject. The condition of children and the justice-related issues that derive from it compel us to look more deeply into the sources and responsibilities of and towards poverty during childhood. We highlight four challenges raised by studying child poverty, and the mechanisms through which philosophical analysis may aid …Read more
  • As a matter of justice children have several claims and are entitled to a range of goods. In this paper I will argue that one of these goods is positive self-relations. Since poverty during childhood distorts the proper development and experience of these three self-relations it violates children’s claims to justice. I will defend this argument in three steps: I will introduce and examine three types of positive self-relations and argue that children are entitled to all of these; I will move on …Read more
  • Handbuch Philosophie der Kindheit (edited book)
    with Johannes Drerup
    J.B. Metzler. 2019.
  •  3
    Global justice and childhood: introduction
    with Johannes Drerup
    Journal of Global Ethics 15 (3): 193-201. 2019.
    ABSTRACTThis brief introduction frames a guest-edited collection of eleven contributed articles in the Journal of Global Ethics focused on global justice and childhood. On a general level, there is...
  •  3
    Should states prioritize child refugees?
    Ethics and Global Politics 12 (2): 46-61. 2019.
  •  16
    Ethics and the dynamic vulnerability of children
    Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 12 (2-3): 243-261. 2017.
    GOTTFRIED SCHWEIGER,GUNTER GRAF | : In this paper, we want to examine the particular vulnerability of children from an ethical perspective. We want to defend three claims: Firstly, we will argue that children’s vulnerability is best understood as a dynamic quality, meaning that as children progress through childhood, their vulnerability also undergoes particular changes. To capture this, we want to discriminate among physical, mental, social, and symbolic vulnerability, which vary according to c…Read more
  •  11
    Editorial zu Band 5, Heft 1, 2018
    Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 5 (1): 13-14. 2018.
  •  3
    Unemployment is one of the greatest social problems all around the world including in modern capitalistic welfare states. Therefore its social critique is a necessary task for any critical social philosophy such as Axel Honneth's recognition approach, which understands social justice in terms of social conditions of recognition. This paper aims to develop an evaluation of unemployment and its moral weight from this perspective. I will lay out the recognition approach and present a moral evaluati…Read more
  •  30
    Capabilities and Functionings as the,,Currency of Justice" for Children
    with Gunter Graf
    Archiv Fuer Rechts Und Sozialphilosphie 103 (4): 439-455. 2017.
  •  12
    Absolute und relative Kritik der Armut
    Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 67 (2). 2013.
  •  11
    Editorial zu Band 4, Heft 1, 2017
    with Gunter Graf, Michael Zichy, and Martina Schmidhuber
    Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 4 (1). 2017.
  •  444
    Thus far, the recognition approach as described in the works of Axel Honneth has not systematically engaged with the problem of poverty. To fill this gap, the present contribution will focus on poverty conceived as social exclusion in the context of the European Union and probe its moral significance. It will show that this form of social exclusion is morally harmful and wrong from the perspective of the recognition approach. To justify this finding, social exclusion has to fulfil three conditio…Read more
  •  15
    Subjektivität in der philosophischen Armutsforschung
    In Helmut Gaisbauer, Kapferer P., Koch Elisabeth, Sedmak Andreas & Clemens (eds.), Armut Und Wissen. Reproduktion Und Linderung von Armut in Schule Und Wissenschaft, Vs Verlag Für Sozialwissenschaften. pp. 159--176. 2013.
    Der Status subjektiver Erfahrungen von Betroffenen für eine normative Bewertung von Armut ist unklar. Exemplarisch lassen sich zwei Richtungen unterscheiden: (a) die These, dass arme Menschen keine zuverlässigen Auskunftsgeber über das moralische Gewicht ihrer Lebenssituation sind, also dass deren Einbezug eine normative Bewertung eher erschweren oder gar verfälschen und (b) die These, dass arme Menschen besonders gut über das moralische Gewicht ihrer Lebenssituation Auskunft geben können, ja ei…Read more
  •  14
    Ethical Issues in Poverty Alleviation (edited book)
    with Helmut P. Gaisbauer and Clemens Sedmak
    Springer. 2016.
    This book explores the philosophical, and in particular ethical, issues concerning the conceptualization, design and implementation of poverty alleviation measures from the local to the global level. It connects these topics with the ongoing debates on social and global justice, and asks what an ethical or normative philosophical perspective can add to the economic, political, and other social science approaches that dominate the main debates on poverty alleviation. Divided into four sections, t…Read more
  •  704
    Poverty and Freedom
    with Gunter Graf
    Human Affairs 24 (2): 258-268. 2014.
    The capability approach, which is closely connected to the works of Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, is one possible theoretical framework that could be used to answer the question as to why poverty is a problem from a moral point of view. In this paper we will focus on the normative philosophical capability approach rather than the social scientific and descriptive perspective. We will show that the approach characterizes poverty mainly as a limitation of freedom and that it is precisely this a…Read more
  •  36
    Die zeitliche Dimension sozialer Wertschätzung im Lebenslauf
    Prolegomena 10 (2): 239--264. 2011.
    Die Bedeutung wechselseitiger Anerkennung für die Ausbildung von Identität und für das Verständnis gesellschaftlicher Formationen wurde seit der Reaktualisierung des Anerkennungsbegriffes durch Axel Honneth vielfach aufgenommen und diskutiert. Ein Aspekt, der hierbei bislang zu wenig systematisch untersucht wurde, ist die zeitliche Dimension sozialer Anerkennungsverhältnisse. Die hier vertretene These lautet, dass soziale Wertschätzung im wesentlichen nicht einfach aktual an eine gesellschaftlic…Read more
  •  258
    What Does a Professional Athlete Deserve?
    Prolegomena 13 (1): 5-20. 2014.
    In this paper I sketch a possible answer to the question of what professional athletes deserve for their sporting activities. I take two different backgrounds into account. First, the content and meaning of desert is highly debated within political philosophy and many theorists are sceptical if it has any value for social justice. On the other hand sport is often understood as a meritocracy, in which all prizes or wins should be solely awarded based on merit. I will distinguish three possible go…Read more
  • Identität Und Inklusion Im EuropaìˆIschen Sozialraum (edited book)
    with Elisabeth Klaus, Clemens Sedmak, and Ricarda Drüeke
    Vs Verlag FuìˆR Sozialwissenschaften. 2010.
  •  58
    Ethical obligations of wealthy people: Progressive taxation and the financial crisis
    with Helmut P. Gaisbauer and Clemens Sedmak
    Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (2): 141--154. 2013.
    The Financial Crisis in Europe puts pressure on welfare states and its tax systems as well as on considerations of social justice. In this paper, we would like to explore the status of the idea of progressive taxation and its justification (especially the ‘ability-to-pay’ principle) in times of a financial crisis. We will discuss it within a social justice framework following David Miller—using the principles of (i) need, (ii) merit, and (iii) equality. We will conclude that progressive taxation…Read more
  •  62
    The duty to bring children living in conflict zones to a safe haven
    Journal of Global Ethics 12 (3): 380-397. 2016.
    In this paper, I will discuss a children’s rights-based argument for the duty of states, as a joint effort, to establish an effective program to help bring children out of conflict zones, such as parts of Syria, and to a safe haven. Children are among the most vulnerable subjects in violent conflicts who suffer greatly and have their human rights brutally violated as a consequence. Furthermore, children are also a group whose capacities to protect themselves are very limited, while their chance …Read more
  •  170
    The question I want to answer is if and how the recognition approach, taken from the works of Axel Honneth, could be an adequate framework for addressing the problems of global justice and poverty. My thesis is that such a globalization of the recognition approach rests on the dialectic of relative and absolute elements of recognition. (1) First, I will discuss the relativism of the recognition approach, that it understands recognition as being relative to a certain society or a set of instituti…Read more
  •  30
    Relative Armut und soziale Wertschätzung
    SATS 13 (1): 39--59. 2012.
    Zusammenafssung: Dieser Beitrag untersucht das Konzept der relativen Armut, wie es im Rahmen der Europäischen Union politisch festgelegt wurde, im Kontext einer Theorie der Anerkennung. Dabei werden zwei Thesen entwickelt und verteidigt. (1) Die erste These dieses Beitrags lautet, dass relative Armut die Verweigerung sozialer Wertschätzung darstellt. Das heisst, dass mit ihr eine moralische Verletzung und Leid verbunden ist. (2) Die zweite These lautet, dass relative Armut eine soziale Pathologi…Read more
  •  6
    Papers presented at a conference held in May 2007.
  •  1
    Social Policy and Justice for Children
    In Johannes Drerup, Gunter Graf, Christoph Schickhardt & Gottfried Schweiger (eds.), Justice, education and the politics of childhood: challenges and perspectives, Springer. pp. 101-114. 2016.
    Empirical evidence clearly shows that child poverty is a growing concern in the industrialized world and that the well-being of children is deeply affected by growing up in poverty in at least two ways. On the one hand, a low socioeconomic status jeopardizes the access to goods and services that are necessary for the current well-being of children. On the other hand, growing up in poverty also, in various ways, negatively affects the well-being in later life. On the basis of the capability appro…Read more