• The establishment of a nominally Anglo-Egyptian partnership, but practically a defacto British rule in the Sudan, led the British to appoint Egyptians in religious posts, including the position of the Grand Qāḍī. But the British drive to de-Egyptianise the Sudan administration, and the steady rise of Sudanese nationalism led the British government, after a long acrimonious debate, to appoint a Sudanese to be the Grand Qāḍī. This move, the historical survey shows, was well received by the Sudanes…Read more
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    The notion of Mahdiyyah as conceived by Sheikh ʿUsmān Dan Fodio
    with Isiaka Abiodun Adams
    Intellectual Discourse 25 (1). 2017.
    The belief in the expected redeemer or the Mahdī is a well-known concept in the history of Islam. However, the notion has been opened to several interpretations and misinterpretations from various Islamic sects, each asserting that its own version of the Mahdiyyah is authentic and valid. As a result, several Islamic movements were orchestrated under the banner of the Mahdiyyah; prominent among them in Africa are those of Muhammad Ibn Tumart, the patron of the Muwaḥḥidūn State in north Africa, Mu…Read more
  • Grammatical Gender: Its Origin and Development
    Foundations of Language 14 (1): 119-125. 1976.