•  553
    On the face of it, Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s views bear a strong resemblance to contemporary disjunctivist theories of perception, especially John McDowell’s epistemological disjunctivism. Like McDowell, Merleau-Ponty seems to be a direct realist about perception and holds that veridical and illusory perceptions are distinct. This paper furthers this comparison. Furthermore, it is argued that elements of Merleau-Ponty’s thought provide a stronger case for McDowell’s kind of epistemological view th…Read more
  • Toward an Existential Critical Theory of Deliberative Democracy
    Dissertation, Villanova University. 2002.
    This dissertation began with two leading intuitions, which ended up being developed into two corresponding parts of the text. The first intuition was that despite the apparent differences between critical theory and existential philosophy, there could be a fruitful dialogue between the work of Jurgen Habermas and the work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. The second intuition is that this confrontation can lead to a desirable and workable theory of democracy based on participation t…Read more
  •  86
    Institutional Design and Public Space: Hegel, Architecture, and Democracy
    Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (2): 291-307. 2008.
    Habermas's conception of deliberative democracy could be fruitfully supplemented with a discussion of the "institutional design" of civil society; for example the architecture of public spaces should be considered. This paper argues that Hegel's discussion of architecture in his 'Aesthetics' can speak to this issue. For Hegel, architecture culminates in the gothic cathedral, because of how it fosters reflection on the part of the worshiper. This discussion suggests the possibility that architect…Read more
  •  111
    Coping Without Foundations: On Dreyfus’s Use of Merleau‐Ponty
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (5): 629-649. 2010.
    Hubert Dreyfus has recently invoked the work of Maurice Merleau? Ponty in criticizing the?Myth of the Mental?. In criticizing that supposed myth, Dreyfus argues for a kind of foundationalism that takes embodied coping to be a self?sufficient layer of human experience that supports our?higher? mental activities. In turn, Merleau? Ponty?s phenomenology is found, in Dreyfus?s recent writings, to corroborate this foundationalism. While Merleau? Ponty would agree with many of Dreyfus?s points, this p…Read more
  •  42
    Frankfurt School critical theory has long opposed metaphysical philosophy because it ignores suffering and injustice. In the face of such criticism, proponents of metaphysics (for example Dieter Henrich) have accused critical theory of not fully investigating the questions is raises for itself, and falling into partial metaphysical positions, despite itself. If one focuses on Max Horkheimer's early essays, such an accusation seems quite fitting. There he vociferously attacks metaphysics, but he …Read more
  •  64
    Suffering and theory: Max Horkheimer's early essays and contemporary moral philosophy
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (9): 1019-1037. 2010.
    Max Horkheimer does not generally receive the scholarly attention given to other ‘Frankfurt School’ figures. This is in part because his early work seems contradictory, or unphilosophical. For example, Horkheimer seems, at various points (to use contemporary metaethical terms), like a constructivist, a moral realist, or a moral skeptic, and it is not clear how these views cohere. The goal of this article is to show that the contradictions regarding moral theory exist largely on the surface, and …Read more
  •  46
    Max Horkheimer
    Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association. 2009.
  •  47
  •  187
    Motor Imagery and Merleau-Pontyian Accounts of Skilled Action
    Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 1 169-198. 2014.
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty is often interpreted as claiming that opportunities for action are directly present in perceptual experience. However, he does not provide much evidence for how or why this would occur, and one can doubt that this is an appropriate interpretation of his phenomenological descriptions. In particular, it could be argued the Merleau-Pontyian descriptions mistakenly attribute pre-perceptual or post-perceptual elements such as allocation of attention or judgment to the perceptual…Read more