•  594
    Die sprachliche und soziale Natur der Erkenntnis ist eine Grundeinsicht der Moderne. Doch welchen Spielraum lässt sie noch der Kritik, der distanzierten Prüfung der eigenen Sprache und Lebensform? Vor dem Hintergrund des Werkes Stanley Cavells fragt dieses Buch nach dem Verhältnis von Lebensform und Selbsterkenntnis. In ungewohnter Weise liest es Wittgenstein und Foucault als komplementäre Antwortstrategien auf dieses Grundproblem: Philosophie muss als eine »Arbeit an sich« (Wittgenstein), als k…Read more
  •  177
    Natural Conditions of (Kantian) Majority
    In Vanessa Brito Emiliano Battista & Jack Fischer (eds.), Becoming Major/Becoming minor, Jan Van Eyck Academie. pp. 25-35. 2011.
    The core idea of 'becoming major', as it can be found in Kant's famous essay about the Enlightenment, is the concept of self-legislation or self-governance. Minority is described as a state of dependency on some heteronomous guidance (i.e. church, doctor, or the state), whereas majority is defined by Kant as the ability to guide oneself, using one's own understanding ('Verstand'). These definitions display a deep affinity to central concepts of Kant's philosophy: the autonomy of rational ethics,…Read more
  •  66
    The article offers a close reading of chapter 6 of Dewey's 'Experience and Nature'. It explains how Dewey reformulates the classical notion of the subject in pragmatist terms, emphasizing in particular Dewey's idea that 'experience' is not a priori subjective, but rather has to be appropriated by the acting individual in order to become one's own experience in an emphatic sense.
  •  59
    Questions Cavell's thesis that scepticism is a "natural" condition for mankind, by exploring certain historical developments (such as the scientific revolution) which does give scepticism a "natural" place in modern thinking. Emphasis is laid upon the question how scepticism can be an overwhelming ordinary experience, which is traced back to the establishment of devices such as the microscope.
  •  57
    Realismus und literarische Form bei Wittgenstein
    Scientia Poetica 15 204-233. 2011.
    The so-called ›resolute‹ reading of Wittgenstein, most notably represented by Cora Diamond and James Conant, claims that the text of the Tractatus does not convey a philosophical thesis. In engaging with the text and its literary form, the reader is supposed to cultivate an experience which will eventually allow her to confront (moral) reality without any obstructing philosophical abstractions. The article argues that this under- standing of the text implicitly rests on the traditional and highl…Read more
  •  42
    In Verteidigung der gewöhnlichen Erfahrung (review)
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 63 (1). 2015.
    Review of Matthias Jung, "Gewöhnliche Erfahrung", Mohr Siebeck: Türingen 2014.
  •  41
    14. Analytische Philosophie: Die andere Seite der Rhetorik
    In Gerald Posselt & Andreas Hetzel (eds.), Handbuch "Rhetorik und Philosophie", De Gruyter. pp. 333-352. 2017.
    Throughout its history, analytic philosophy has established a decidedly anti-rhetoric self-understanding. Yet the historical development of analytic philosophy, leading from Russell to Quine and Davidson, successively puts this anti-rhetorical ideals in question. Even though the rhetorics of clarity and objectivity remain, the discussions of post-analytic philosophy focus more and more an an understanding of language which is forced to acknowledge its irreducible practical and situational aspect…Read more
  •  34
    Die moderne Philosophie steht im Schatten des Skeptizismus: Alle Wissensansprüche scheinen fallibel, alle Theorien nur vorläufig, alle Gewissheiten nur temporär zu sein. In dieser gespannten Situation ist die Versuchung groß, das Wesen des vernünftigen Denkens in der Form zu suchen. Vernunft gilt dann als ein allgemeines Vermögen, das bei wechselnden Inhalten seine kritische Kompetenz bewahrt. Doch solche Formalismen müssen scheitern: Wer Erfahrung nur als «Wahrnehmung» oder «Gehalt» adressiert,…Read more
  •  33
    Philosophie als Lehre oder als Tätigkeit? Über eine neue Lesart des Tractatus
    Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 2 (2): 153-169. 2006.
    Report about the "resolute reading" of Wittgenstein.
  •  32
    Siting Praxeology. The Methodological Significance of “Public” in Theories of Social Practices
    with Robert Schmidt
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4): 419-440. 2011.
    The concept of “site” is at the center of current debates in theories of social practices as well as in cultural anthropology. It is unclear, however, how to assess the associated methodological assumption that overriding social structures or cultural formations can manifest themselves in sites. The article draws on the conception of social practices and introduces the notion of “publicness” in order to explicate how and why sociality and social structures can be accessed through “siting”. Sites…Read more
  •  31
    We invited five Cavell scholars to write on this topic. What follows is a vibrant exchange among Paola Marrati, Andrew Norris, Jörg Volbers, Cary Wolfe and Thomas Dumm addressing the question whether, in the contemporary political context, Cavell’s skepticism and his Emersonian perfectionism amount to a politics at all.
  •  30
    The article discusses Foucaults reading of Kants "Anthropology" (in French).
  •  25
    McDowell und das Problem des verkörperten Subjekts
    Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 37 (3): 333-347. 2012.
    In identifying rationality as belonging to our 'second nature', McDowell’s specific form of naturalism aims at reconciling the reflecting subject with the world. The detailed exposition of this idea in 'Mind and World', however, operates with two conflicting claims. While arguing for the bodily nature of subjectivity and thus disagreeing fundamentally with Kant’s transcendental conception of reason, McDowell still retains the central Kantian claim that thinking is an autonomous and self-standing…Read more
  •  24
    Foucaults Genealogie der Philosophie (review)
    Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 33 (3): 297-304. 2008.
    Review of Michel Foucault, 'Le gouvernement de soi et des autres'.
  •  21
    Deweys humanistische Dezentrierung des Subjekts
    Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 39 (3). 2014.
    In French post-structuralism, »decentering« signifies the criticism of any metaphysical »centre« which is supposed to reign the development and the logic of discourse, and hence of thinking. In particular, anthropology and the recourse to humanism were suspected to miss the plurality and the self-differing nature of discursive practices. This article presents Dewey’s philosophy as an alternative to this criticism. Dewey is comparably sceptical of any attempt to treat the human being as a metaphy…Read more
  •  19
    Macht mich die Wahrnehmung? Über: Lambert Wiesing: Das Mich der Wahrnehmung (review)
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 58 (4): 661-664. 2010.
    Review of Lambert Wiesing's book 'Das Mich der Wahrnehmung'.
  •  15
    Freiheit als Praxisform
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 63 (6). 2015.
    Dewey’s pragmatism and John McDowell’s philosophy of language share central concerns. They defend a naturalistic vision of the mind (“second nature”) and rely on the concept of experience in order to articulate the contact between mind and world. They differ, though, in their understanding of how the human mind can relate spontaneously to itself and to the world. McDowell links this freedom exclusively to language with the consequence of detaching it from any reflexive determination, turning it …Read more
  •  11
    Reclaiming the Power of Thought
    European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 10 (2): 2-19. 2018.
    The article presents Dewey’s own understanding of rationality by reconstructing his criticism of idealism. For Dewey, idealism is an important and valuable expression of the modern idea that both knowledge and values are historical products of human self-determination. Thus, it rightly defends the power of thought against the uncritical claims of mere religious and social authority. Yet idealism, Dewey claims, still misconceives that human power by ultimately treating it as a merely intellectual…Read more
  •  6
    Wittgenstein, Dewey, and the Practical Foundation of Knowledge
    European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 4 (2). 2012.
    Even though both Dewey and Wittgenstein have been rightly classified as both being ‘pragmatist’ thinkers in a broad sense, they stand in stark contrast with respect to their writing style and their general attitude towards the future of western civilization. This article reflects these differences and traces them back to their diverging conceptions of knowledge. Dewey criticizes the philosophical tradition for erecting an artificial barrier between theory and practice, but he retains the traditi…Read more
  •  5
    Theorien des Performativen: Sprache - Wissen - Praxis
    with Klaus W. Hempfer
    Transcript. 2011.
    Das »Performative« ist in den vergangenen Jahren zu einer festen Größe im Theorierepertoire der Geisteswissenschaften geworden. Seine nachgerade ubiquitäre Verwendung verdankt sich dabei vielfach einem wenig präzisen Verständnis, das – teilweise gegenstrebige – Aspekte von Performanz, Wirklichkeitskonstitution, Emergenz und Präsenzeffekten verbindet. Dieser Band zieht eine kritische Bilanz, ohne dabei ein bestimmtes Verständnis zu verabsolutieren. Die Beiträge bereiten das aktuelle Theoriefeld e…Read more
  •  2
    Wittgenstein - Philosophie Als "Arbeit and Einem Selbst" (edited book)
    with Gunther Gebauer and Fabian Goppelsroeder
    Fink. 2009.
    This anthology collects reflections on Wittgenstein's philosophy which treat it as a "Philosophical Practice" -- as a "Work On Oneself", as Wittgenstein desribed philosophy once. With contributions from Markus Gabriel, Andrew Norris, Allan Janik, and others.