•  3
    Global Ethics or Universal Ethics?
    with Steve Coutinho, Zachary Penman, Saranindranath Tagore, and Inés Valdez
    Journal of World Philosophies 6 (1): 99-138. 2021.
    Kok-Chor Tan argues that cosmopolitan liberalism can serve as a means to implement the ideal of moral universalism, if one sufficiently distinguishes non-toleration from intervention and moral universalism from dogmatism. In a further move, Tan claims that such an understanding of cosmopolitan liberalism can work to mutually regulate the behavior of states in the global arena. Tan’s co-panelists engage different aspects of his vision. Steve Coutinho underscores that changes within cultures do no…Read more
  •  15
    While there is a significant amount of discussion in philosophy on the ethics of wildlife conservation, there is relatively less discussion on the justice of conservation. By the “justice of conservation”, I mean the question of what we owe to fellow human beings with respect to conservation goals and practices. The goal of this paper is two-fold: first to highlight the justice-gap in the morality of wildlife conservation and, second, to frame and propose two dimensions of global conservational …Read more
  •  1298
    In this article, we propose the Fair Priority Model for COVID-19 vaccine distribution, and emphasize three fundamental values we believe should be considered when distributing a COVID-19 vaccine among countries: Benefiting people and limiting harm, prioritizing the disadvantaged, and equal moral concern for all individuals. The Priority Model addresses these values by focusing on mitigating three types of harms caused by COVID-19: death and permanent organ damage, indirect health consequences, s…Read more
  •  1
    Nationalism and Global Justice: A Survey of Some Challenges
    In Gabriele de Angelis & Diogo P. Aurelio (eds.), Sovereign Justice: Global Justice in a World of Nations, Walter De Gruyter. pp. 9-24. 2010.
  • In this well-written and carefully argued book, Anthony Simon Laden proposes a theory of “deliberative liberalism” that reconciles liberalism with the politics of identity. Liberalism is often presented as a “reasonable” theory that emphasizes reason, reform over revolution, a certain reverence for existing structure, and so on, whereas the politics of identity is “radical” in that it calls for fundamental structural changes and is usually suspicious of reason as “the hidden force of the authori…Read more
  •  3
    Territorial Jurisdiction as an Internationally Recognized Right
    Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche. forthcoming.
  •  144
    A Reply to Halliday
    Utilitas 25 (1): 133-135. 2013.
    ExtractI must first thank Daniel Halliday for his incisive but fair review essay of my book. Regretfully, I can only consider, and only in outline at that, some of his well-taken questions.Send article to KindleTo send this article to your Kindle, first ensure [email protected] is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email addres…Read more
  •  1
    The demands of justice and national allegiances
    In Gillian Brock & Harry Brighouse (eds.), The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism, Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  •  694
    The Duty to Protect
    In Terry Nardin & Melissa Williams (eds.), Humanitarian Intervention, New York University Press. 2006.
    Debates on humanitarian intervention have focused on the permissibility question. In this paper, I ask whether intervention can be a moral duty, and if it is a moral duty, how this duty is to be distributed and assigned. With respect to the first question, I contemplate whether an intervention that has met the "permissibility" condition is also for this reason necessary and obligatory. If so, the gap between permission and obligation closes in the case of humanitarian intervention. On the secon…Read more
  •  88
    Patriotic Obligations
    The Monist 86 (3): 434-453. 2003.
    It is commonly believed that people have special obligations to their compatriots that are both distinct from and stronger than the general duties they owe to individuals at large. Thus, it is often thought that these special obligations may legitimately limit what global distributive justice can demand of people, including those from well-off countries. Henceforth by special obligations, I mean specifically special obligations to com- patriots, which I will also call patriotic obligations, or p…Read more
  •  17
    Cosmopolitanism and Patriotism
    In Will Kymlicka & Kathryn Walker (eds.), Rooted Cosmopolitanism: Canada and the World, University of British Columbia Press. 2012.
  •  19
    Justice Between Sites of Justice
    Law and Philosophy 35 (3): 291-311. 2016.
    Michael Blake argues that states are the primary sites of justice for persons and that the function of international justice is to ensure that states interact with each other in ways that preserve the capacity of each to realize justice for their own members. This paper will argue that justice among states requires more of states than that they preserve and maintain each other's capacity as primary sites of justice. Justice among states will require some justification, as well, of the claims of …Read more
  •  48
    Priority for compatriots: Commentary on globalization and justice
    Economics and Philosophy 22 (1): 115-123. 2006.
    In his stimulating and provocative collection of essays, Globalization and Justice, Kai Nielsen defends a cosmopolitan account of global justice. On the cosmopolitan view, as Nielsen understands it, individuals are entitled to equal consideration regardless of citizenship or nationality and global institutions should be arranged in such a way that each person's interest is given equal consideration. Nielsen's defense of cosmopolitan justice in this collection will be of no surprise to readers fa…Read more
  •  18
    In some discussions on global distributive justice, it is argued that the factthat the state exercises coercive authority over its own citizens explains whythe state has egalitarian distributive obligations to its own but not to otherindividuals in the world at large. Two recent works make the case that the globalorder is indeed coercive in a morally significant way for generating certainglobal distributive obligations. Nicole Hassoun argues that the coercivecharacter of the global order gives r…Read more
  •  589
    Luck, Institutions, and Global Distributive Justice
    European Journal of Political Theory 10 (3): 394-421. 2011.
    Luck egalitarianism provides one powerful way of defending global egalitarianism. The basic luck egalitarian idea that persons ought not to be disadvantaged compared to others on account of his or her bad luck seems to extend naturally to the global arena, where random factors such as persons’ place of birth and the natural distribution of the world’s resources do affect differentially their life chances. Yet luck egalitarianism as an ideal, as well as its global application, has come under seve…Read more
  •  2
    Onora O'Neill, Bounds of Justice Reviewed by
    Philosophy in Review 21 (5): 366-368. 2001.
  • Kantian Ethics and Global Justice
    Social Theory and Practice 23 (1): 53-73. 1997.
  •  59
    Global Justice and Global Relations
    Social Theory and Practice 36 (3): 499-514. 2010.
    In Globalizing Justice, Richard Miller offers a novel understanding of the grounds and scope of the demands of global justice. Miller argues that our duties to the global poor should be conceived relationally, that is, as deriving from the very complex and substantial relationships that we, members of rich countries, have with members of poor countries. In this review essay, I ask whether a relational approach to justice is necessary for the kinds of global duties Miller wishes to advance (that …Read more
  •  49
    Cosmopolitan impartiality and patriotic partiality
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (sup1): 165-192. 2005.
  •  17
    The Demands of Global Justice
    Oeconomia 13 (4): 665-679. 2013.
    This review essay discusses recent books by Nicole Hassoun, Laura Valentini and Pablo Gilabert. Topics I examine that are stimulated by these books include the distinction between global egalitarian obligation and humanitarian duties, the role of coercion in justifying global obligations, and the possibility of a third position that falls between humanitarianism and cosmopolitan egalitarianism
  •  46
    Military Intervention as a Moral Duty
    Public Affairs Quarterly 9 (1): 29-46. 1995.
  •  71
    Kok-Chor Tan addresses three key questions in political philosophy: Where does distributive equality matter? Why does it matter? And among whom does it matter? He argues for an institutional site for egalitarian justice, a luck-egalitarian ideal of why equality matters, and a global scope for distributive justice.