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    Proponents of children's liberation (CL) argue that there are no morally relevant differences between children and adults. Consequently, special protective laws that limit children's freedom are unjustified, and should be abolished. Protectionists reject the premise of this argument, and hence also the conclusion. Proponents of CL mostly fix upon the capacity for instrumental reasoning as the criterion that should separate autonomous from non-autonomous individuals. I argue that most childr…Read more
  •  52
    In Appreciation of Anne Donchin's Life and Work
    International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 10 (2): 124-132. 2017.
    This article is an expansion of comments I was honored to present at a celebration of the life and work of Anne Donchin at the June 2016 meeting of the International Network on Feminist Approaches to Bioethics in Edinburgh. It is obviously far from comprehensive, but I hope it gives readers a glimpse of an Anne of whose depths many of us were not fully aware. One of the most difficult parts of talking about someone who has died is highlighting the positive without overdoing it to the extent that…Read more
  •  50
    Reproducing Persons: Issues in Feminist Bioethics
    Cornell University Press. 1996.
    Controversies about abortion and women's reproductive technologies often seem to reflect personal experience, religious commitment, or emotional response. Laura M. Purdy believes, however, that coherent ethical principles are implicit in these controversies and that feminist bioethics can help clarify the conflicts of interest which often figure in human reproduction. As she defines the underlying issues, Purdy emphasizes the importance of taking women's interests fully into account. Reproducing…Read more
  •  47
    Reason or Faith?
    Teaching Philosophy 12 (1): 39-41. 1989.
  •  40
    Why do we need affirmative action?
    Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (1): 133-143. 1994.
  •  35
    Nature and Nurture: A False Dichotomy?
    Hypatia 1 (1): 167-174. 1986.
    Nancy Tuana holds that the nature/nurture dichotomy does not accurately represent the world and hence that a whole series of assumptions about human nature is mistaken. She rejects both biological determinism and alternative interactionist views. I argue that although her arguments and political concerns do rule out any kind of simple biological determinism, they do not show that the alternative interactionist view is untenable: in fact, she uses the distinction in her attempt to demolish it. I …Read more
  •  34
    Feminist Perspectives in Medical Ethics (edited book)
    with Helen B. Holmes
    Indiana University Press. 1992.
    The fields of medical ethics, bioethics, and women's studies have experienced unprecedented growth in the last forty years. Along with the rapid pace of development in medicine and biology, and changes in social expectations, moral quandaries about the body and social practices involving it have multiplied. Philosophers are uniquely situated to attempt to clarify and resolves these questions. Yet the subdiscipline of bioethics still in large part reflects mainstream scholars' lack of interest in…Read more
  •  31
    Xenotransplantation: For and Against
    with Ololade Olakanmi
    Philosophy Now 55 (2): 9-13. 2006.
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    What Feminism Can Do for Bioethics
    Health Care Analysis 9 (2): 117-132. 2001.
    Feminist criticism of health care and ofbioethics has become increasingly rich andsophisticated in the last years of thetwentieth century. Nonetheless, this body ofwork remains quite marginalized. I believe thatthere are (at least) two reasons for this.First, many people are still confused aboutfeminism. Second, many people are unconvincedthat significant sexism still exists and aretherefore unreceptive to arguments that itshould be remedied if there is no largerbenefit. In this essay I argue fo…Read more
  •  29
    Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things
    with Mary Anne Warren
    Philosophical Review 108 (4): 569. 1999.
    Moral Status asks what creates moral obligations toward entities. Warren’s thesis is that attempts to ground moral status on a single criterion have been unsuccessful, as they inevitably lead to Procrustean measures to fit diverse values into a single mold. She proposes instead a “multi-criterial’ approach that promises to accommodate these values. In so doing, she expands and generalizes on a strategy she uses quite successfully in her 1990 article “The Moral Significance of Birth” to show why …Read more
  •  24
    In tribute to Anne Donchin
    with Susan Dodds, Carolyn Ells, Ann Garry, Helen Bequaert Holmes, Mary C. Rawlinson, Jackie Leach Scully, and Rosemarie Tong
    International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1): 1-17. 2015.
  •  24
    Violence Against Women: Philosophical Perspectives (edited book)
    with Stanley French and Wanda Teays
    Cornell University Press. 1998.
  •  23
    Feminists Healing Ethics
    Hypatia 4 (2). 1989.
    The field of ethics is enjoying a much-needed renaissance. Traditional theories and approaches are appropriately coming under fire, although not every new idea will stand time's test. Feminist thinking suggests that we at least emphasize the importance of women and their interests, focus on issues specially affecting women, rethink fundamental assumptions, incorporate feminist insights and conclusions from other areas, and be consistent with respect to our concerns about equality by paying atten…Read more
  •  23
    Women's reproductive autonomy: medicalisation and beyond
    Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (5): 287-291. 2006.
    Reproductive autonomy is central to women’s welfare both because childbearing takes place in women’s bodies and because they are generally expected to take primary responsibility for child rearing. In 2005, the factors that influence their autonomy most strongly are poverty and belief systems that devalue such autonomy. Unfortunately, such autonomy is a low priority for most societies, or is anathema to their belief systems altogether. This situation is doubly sad because women’s reproductive au…Read more
  •  20
    What Can Progress in Reproductive Technology Mean for Women?
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (5): 499-514. 1996.
    This article critically evaluates the central claims of the various feminist responses to new reproductive arrangements and technologies. Proponents of a “progressivism” object to naive technological optimism and raise questions about the control of such technology. Others, such as the FINRRAGE group, raise concerns about the potentially damaging consequences of the new technologies for women. While a central concern is whether these technologies reinforce harmful biologically determinist stereo…Read more