•  109
    Equal Rights for Swamp‐persons
    Mind and Language 11 (1): 70-75. 1996.
  •  7
    Not rational, but not brutely causal either
    Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 35 (1): 45-57. 2020.
    Jerry Fodor has argued that concept acquisition cannot be a psychological or “rational-causal” process, but can only be a “brute-causal” process of acquisition. This position generates the “doorknob → DOORKNOB” problem: why are concepts typically acquired on the basis of experience with items in their extensions? I argue that Fodor’s taxonomy of causal processes needs supplementation, and characterize a third type: what I call “intelligible-causal processes.” Armed with this new category I prese…Read more
  •  27
    What is naturalism?
    Think 19 (56): 21-33. 2020.
    Louise Antony explains a variety of naturalisms, and why she doesn't believe in God.
  •  42
    Not Rational, But Not Brutely Causal Either: A response to Fodor on concept acquisition
    Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 35 (1): 45-57
    Jerry Fodor has argued that concept acquisition cannot be a psychological or “rational-causal” process, but can only be a “brute-causal” process of acquisition. This position generates the “doorknob  DOORKNOB” problem: why are concepts typically acquired on the basis of experience with items in their extensions? I argue that Fodor’s taxonomy of causal processes needs supplementation, and characterize a third type: what I call “intelligible-causal processes.” Armed with this new category I pr…Read more
  •  144
    I argue for a deflationary answer to the question, “What is it to be a woman?” Prior attempts by feminist theorists to provide a metaphysical account of what all and only women have in common have all failed for the same reason: there is nothing women have in common beyond being women. Although the social kinds man and woman are primitive, their existence can be explained. I say that human sex difference is the material ground of systems of gender; gender systems serve to enable male control of …Read more
  •  10
    Meaning and Semantic Knowledge
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 71 177-209. 1997.
  •  120
    Naturalized Epistemology, Morality, and the Real World
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (Supplement): 103-137. 2000.
  •  258
    Atheism, Naturalism, and Morality
    In Raymond Arragon & Michael Peterson (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons. pp. 66-78. 2020.
    It is a commonly held view that the existence of moral value somehow depends upon the existence of God. Some proponents of this view take the very strong position that atheism entails that there is no moral value; but most take the weaker position that atheism cannot explain what moral value is, or how it could have come into being. Call the first position Incompatibility, and the second position Inadequacy. In this paper, I will focus on the arguments for Inadequacy. There are two main ar…Read more
  •  178
    Atheists are frequently demonized as arrogant intellectuals, antagonistic to religion, devoid of moral sentiments, advocates of an "anything goes" lifestyle. Now, in this revealing volume, nineteen leading philosophers open a window on the inner life of atheism, shattering these common stereotypes as they reveal how they came to turn away from religious belief. These highly engaging personal essays capture the marvelous diversity to be found among atheists, providing a portrait that will surpris…Read more
  • 26. Book Notes Book Notes (pp. 199-216)
    with John Deigh, Robert E. Goodin David Parker, Richard J. Arneson, Hilary Charlesworth, Richard Mulgan, Martha C. Nussbaum, Eamonn Callan, Lester H. Hunt, and Fernando R. Teson
    Ethics 111 (1). 2000.
  •  15
    Introduction
    with Norbert Hornstein
    In Louise M. Antony (ed.), Chomsky and His Critics, Blackwell. pp. 1--10. 2003.
  •  27
    A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity
    with Karen Jones and Charlotte Witt
    Philosophical Review 104 (2): 317. 1995.
  •  46
    Backlash and double binds
    Metaphilosophy 27 (1-2): 189-192. 1996.
  •  63
    Why We Excuse
    Tulane Studies in Philosophy 28 63-70. 1979.
  •  1
    The nomic and the robust
    with Joseph Levine
    In Barry M. Loewer & Georges Rey (eds.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics, Blackwell. 1991.
  •  23
    The ‘Faith’ of an Atheist
    Philosophic Exchange 32 (1). 2002.
    For many religious believers, belief in God is as fundamental as my belief in my own body. That is because the believer thinks that belief in God is a necessary condition for living a meaningful life. This paper argues that belief in God is not necessary for living a meaningful life. Morality, meaning, and love are all independent of God. All that is required for a meaningful life is a sustaining belief that humankind is worth something. This kind of faith is available to an atheist.
  •  10
    Feminism is an antiauthoritarian movement that has sought to unmask many traditional “authorities” as ungrounded. Given this, it might seem as if feminists are required to abandon the concept of authority altogether. But, we argue, the exercise of authority enables us to coordinate our efforts to achieve larger social goods and, hence, should be preserved. Instead, what is needed and what we provide for here is a way to distinguish legitimate authority from objectionable authoritarianism.
  •  3
    Thinking
    In Brian McLaughlin, Ansgar Beckermann & Sven Walter (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind, Oxford University Press. 2009.
  •  19
    Feminism is an antiauthoritarian movement that has sought to unmask many traditional “authorities” as ungrounded. Given this, it might seem as if feminists are required to abandon the concept of authority altogether. But, we argue, the exercise of authority enables us to coordinate our efforts to achieve larger social goods and, hence, should be preserved. Instead, what is needed and what we provide for here is a way to distinguish legitimate authority from objectionable authoritarianism.
  •  987
    The openness of illusions
    Philosophical Issues 21 (1): 25-44. 2011.
    Illusions are thought to make trouble for the intuition that perceptual experience is "open" to the world. Some have suggested, in response to the this trouble, that illusions differ from veridical experience in the degree to which their character is determined by their engagement with the world. An understanding of the psychology of perception reveals that this is not the case: veridical and falsidical perceptions engage the world in the same way and to the same extent. While some contemporar…Read more
  •  54
    The Mentoring Project
    with Ann E. Cudd
    Hypatia 27 (2): 461-468. 2012.
  •  133
    : Feminism is an antiauthoritarian movement that has sought to unmask many traditional "authorities" as ungrounded. Given this, it might seem as if feminists are required to abandon the concept of authority altogether. But, we argue, the exercise of authority enables us to coordinate our efforts to achieve larger social goods and, hence, should be preserved. Instead, what is needed and what we provide for here is a way to distinguish legitimate authority from objectionable authoritarianism
  •  67
    The socialization of epistemology
    In Robert E. Goodin & Charles Tilly (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis, Oxford University Press. pp. 58. 2006.
  •  7
    Why We Excuse
    Tulane Studies in Philosophy 28 63-70. 1979.
  •  68
    The Varieties of Reference
    Philosophical Review 96 (2): 275. 1987.
  •  47
    Reduction with Autonomy
    with Joseph Levine
    Noûs 31 (S11): 83-105. 1997.