•  349
    On the morality of artificial agents
    with J. W. Sanders
    Minds and Machines 14 (3): 349-379. 2004.
    Artificial agents (AAs), particularly but not only those in Cyberspace, extend the class of entities that can be involved in moral situations. For they can be conceived of as moral patients (as entities that can be acted upon for good or evil) and also as moral agents (as entities that can perform actions, again for good or evil). In this paper, we clarify the concept of agent and go on to separate the concerns of morality and responsibility of agents (most interestingly for us, of AAs). We conc…Read more
  •  328
    The idea of Artificial Intelligence for Social Good (henceforth AI4SG) is gaining traction within information societies in general and the AI community in particular. It has the potential to address social problems effectively through the development of AI-based solutions. Yet, to date, there is only limited understanding of what makes AI socially good in theory, what counts as AI4SG in practice, and how to reproduce its initial successes in terms of policies (Cath et al. 2018). This article add…Read more
  •  318
    Consciousness, agents and the knowledge game
    Minds and Machines 15 (3): 415-444. 2005.
    This paper has three goals. The first is to introduce the “knowledge game”, a new, simple and yet powerful tool for analysing some intriguing philosophical questions. The second is to apply the knowledge game as an informative test to discriminate between conscious (human) and conscious-less agents (zombies and robots), depending on which version of the game they can win. And the third is to use a version of the knowledge game to provide an answer to Dretske’s question “how do you know you are n…Read more
  •  236
    Is semantic information meaningful data?
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2): 351-370. 2005.
    There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information (SDI) as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semanti…Read more
  •  225
    The tripartite account of propositional, fallibilist knowledge that p as justified true belief can become adequate only if it can solve the Gettier Problem. However, the latter can be solved only if the problem of a successful coordination of the resources (at least truth and justification) necessary and sufficient to deliver propositional, fallibilist knowledge that p can be solved. In this paper, the coordination problem is proved to be insolvable by showing that it is equivalent to the ''''co…Read more
  •  213
    What is the ultimate nature of reality? This paper defends an answer in terms of informational realism (IR). It does so in three stages. First, it is shown that, within the debate about structural realism (SR), epistemic (ESR) and ontic (OSR) structural realism are reconcilable by using the methodology of the levels of abstractions. It follows that OSR is defensible from a structuralist-friendly position. Second, it is argued that OSR is also plausible, because not all related objects are logica…Read more
  •  169
    The ethics of information transparency
    with Matteo Turilli
    Ethics and Information Technology 11 (2): 105-112. 2009.
    The paper investigates the ethics of information transparency (henceforth transparency). It argues that transparency is not an ethical principle in itself but a pro-ethical condition for enabling or impairing other ethical practices or principles. A new definition of transparency is offered in order to take into account the dynamics of information production and the differences between data and information. It is then argued that the proposed definition provides a better understanding of what so…Read more
  •  126
    Open Problems in the Philosophy of Information
    Metaphilosophy 35 (4): 554-582. 2004.
    The philosophy of information (PI) is a new area of research with its own field of investigation and methodology. This article, based on the Herbert A. Simon Lecture of Computing and Philosophy I gave at Carnegie Mellon University in 2001, analyses the eighteen principal open problems in PI. Section 1 introduces the analysis by outlining Herbert Simon's approach to PI. Section 2 discusses some methodological considerations about what counts as a good philosophical problem. The discussion centers…Read more
  •  118
    A praxical solution of the symbol grounding problem
    with Mariarosaria Taddeo
    Minds and Machines 17 (4): 369-389. 2007.
    This article is the second step in our research into the Symbol Grounding Problem (SGP). In a previous work, we defined the main condition that must be satisfied by any strategy in order to provide a valid solution to the SGP, namely the zero semantic commitment condition (Z condition). We then showed that all the main strategies proposed so far fail to satisfy the Z condition, although they provide several important lessons to be followed by any new proposal. Here, we develop a new solution of …Read more
  •  114
    Kindling for the bonfire of book ownership
    The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49): 21-22. 2010.
  •  109
    Will ITentities be the next great technological revolution?
    The Philosophers' Magazine (34): 18-18. 2006.
  •  89
    The article investigates the sceptical challenge from an informationtheoretic perspective. Its main goal is to articulate and defend the view that either informational scepticism is radical, but then it is epistemologically innocuous because redundant; or it is moderate, but then epistemologically beneficial because useful. In order to pursue this cooptation strategy, the article is divided into seven sections. Section 1 sets up the problem. Section 2 introduces Borei numbers as a convenient way…Read more
  •  89
    Enveloping the world for AI
    The Philosophers' Magazine 54 (54): 20-21. 2011.
  •  85
    Understanding Epistemic Relevance
    Erkenntnis 69 (1): 69-92. 2008.
    Agents require a constant flow, and a high level of processing, of relevant semantic information, in order to interact successfully among themselves and with the environment in which they are embedded. Standard theories of information, however, are silent on the nature of epistemic relevance. In this paper, a subjectivist interpretation of epistemic relevance is developed and defended. It is based on a counterfactual and metatheoretical analysis of the degree of relevance of some semantic inform…Read more
  •  84
    Semantic conceptions of information
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008.
    “I love information upon all subjects that come in my way, and especially upon those that are most important.” Thus boldly declares Euphranor, one of the defenders of Christian faith in Berkley's Alciphron (Dialogue 1, Section 5, Paragraph 6/10, see Berkeley [1732]). Evidently, information has been an object of philosophical desire for some time, well before the computer revolution, Internet or the dot.com pandemonium (see for example Dunn [2001] and Adams [2003]). Yet what does Euphranor love, …Read more
  •  78
    An analysis of information visualisation
    with Min Chen
    Synthese 190 (16): 3421-3438. 2013.
    Philosophers have relied on visual metaphors to analyse ideas and explain their theories at least since Plato. Descartes is famous for his system of axes, and Wittgenstein for his first design of truth table diagrams. Today, visualisation is a form of ‘computer-aided seeing’ information in data. Hence, information is the fundamental ‘currency’ exchanged through a visualisation pipeline. In this article, we examine the types of information that may occur at different stages of a general visualiza…Read more
  •  72
    Introduction to the special issue on the nature and scope of information
    with Elizabeth Black and Allan Third
    Synthese 175 (1): 1-3. 2010.
  •  62
    The Ethics of Information
    Oxford University Press UK. 2013.
    Luciano Floridi develops the first ethical framework for dealing with the new challenges posed by Information and Communication Technologies. He establishes the conceptual foundations of Information Ethics by exploring important metatheoretical and introductory issues, and answering key theoretical questions of great philosophical interest.
  •  61
    Information technologies and the tragedy of the good will
    Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4): 253-262. 2006.
  •  55
    The problem of the justification of a theory of knowledge
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 24 (2). 1993.
    The article concerns the meta-epistemological problem of the justification of a theory of knowledge and provides a reconstruction of the history of its formulations. In the first section, I analyse the connections between Sextus Empiricus' diallelus, Montaigne's rouet and Chisholm's "problem of criterion"; in the second section I focus on the link between the diallelus and the Cartesian circle; in the third section I reconstruct the origin of "Fries' trilemma"; finally, in the last section I dra…Read more
  •  52
    On Human Dignity as a Foundation for the Right to Privacy
    Philosophy and Technology 29 (4): 307-312. 2016.
  •  45
    The problem of the justification of a theory of knowledge
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 25 (1). 1994.
    The article analyses the meta-epistemological problem of the justification of a theory of knowledge. The first section is dedicated to the morphological reconstruction of the problem, the second presents a diagnosis of the problem in terms of a metatheoretical and logically non-contradictory petitio principii and the third delineates the limits within which strategies for the treatment of the problem could be elaborated
  •  45
    Editorial introduction – ethics of new information technology
    with Philip Brey and Frances Grodzinsky
    Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3): 109-109. 2005.
  •  43
    What is data ethics?
    with Mariarosaria Taddeo
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 374 (2083). 2016.
  •  42
    Technologies of the Self
    Philosophy and Technology 25 (3): 271-273. 2012.
  •  41
    Technological Unemployment, Leisure Occupation, and the Human Project
    Philosophy and Technology 27 (2): 143-150. 2014.
    In 1930, John Maynard Keynes published a masterpiece that should be a compulsory reading for any educated person, a short essay entitled Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren (Keynes 1930, 1972).All references are from the 1931 online version of Keynes (1930) provided by Project Gutenberg, so pages are left unspecified. I am sure Keynes would have found such free access to information coherent with the philosophy of the essay. It was an attempt to see what life would be like if peace, pro…Read more
  •  37
    Spreading ignorance equally
    The Philosophers' Magazine 63 24-25. 2013.
  •  34
    Group privacy
    The Philosophers' Magazine 65 22-23. 2014.