University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Doctoral Program In Social Work and Social Science
PhD, 2003
Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America
Areas of Specialization
Other Academic Areas
Areas of Interest
Other Academic Areas

Social activist (1966-present); social worker (1976-present); sociologist (1991-present); social work educator (2003-Present, emeritus since summer 2021). Long involved (1993-present) in seeking to apply theory of human need to enrich the theory base of social work. Simultaneously involved (1991-present) in the development of a typology of theories of oppression, mechanistic dehumanization and exploitation, in order to understand what are now known as microaggressions. Since 1999, have been developing a normative, needs-based sociological theorization of human injustice, as published in 2019 in the sociological journal Humanity and Society.