I’m interested in what figures of speech, such as metaphor, irony, etcetera, have to tell us about notions of meaning in language. I’m especially interested in what such speech tells us about the interface between semantics and pragmatics. Figurative speech challenges traditional notions of meaning as residing in the truth of the propositions expressed by a sentence. Currently, I’m investigating the relationship between normativity in meta-ethical discussions and hate speech in philosophy of language through the lense of expressivism.