The Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute
  •  189
    Responding to the Religious Reasons of Others: Resonance and Non-Reducitve Religious Pluralism
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (2): 23--46. 2013.
    Call a belief ”non-negotiable’ if one cannot abandon the belief without the abandonment of one’s religious perspective. Although non-negotiable beliefs can logically exclude other perspectives, a non-reductive approach to religious pluralism can help to create a space within which the non- negotiable beliefs of others that contradict one’s own non-negotiable beliefs can be appreciated and understood as playing a justificatory role for the other. The appreciation of these beliefs through cognitiv…Read more
  •  76
    A Branched Model For Substantial Motion
    Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 2 53-67. 2009.
    The seventeenth century Muslim philosopher Muhammad Sadr al-Din Shirazi, known as Mulla Sadra, introduced the idea of substantial motion in Islamic philosophy. This view is characterized by a continuity criterion for diachronic identity, a four-dimensional view of individual substances, the notion that possibilities change, and the continual creation of all creatures. Modern philosophical logic provides means to model a variety of claims about individuals, substances, modality and time. In this …Read more
  •  20
    The Proof of the Sincere
    Journal of Islamic Philosophy 1 (1). 2003.
    While the ontological arguments of Anselm and Descartes continue to be the source of controversy among philosophers and theologians in the West, scant attention has been paid to the ontological argument first formulated by Ibn Sina (370/980 - 429/1037), and thereafter reformulated by various Muslim philosophers throughout the centuries up to the present day. Here several versions of the argument are presented in historical sequence, and some of the most important recent discussions of the argume…Read more
  •  10
    Although Ibn Sina’s metaphysics is heavily indebted to Aristotle’s, with regard to the substantiality of the rational soul and God, Aristotle and Ibn Sina take opposite positions: Aristotle holds that theos is a substance, while Ibn Sina denies that God is a substance; Aristotle holds that the soul is not a substance, while Ibn Sina claims that it is. In both of these regards we observe the movement toward greater abstraction in Ibn Sina. The concept of God is more abstract when considered outsi…Read more
  •  5
    Natural Properties in Ethics with an Emphasis on Shafer-Landau’s Theory
    with Hassan Heshmati and Hassan Miandari
    Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 20 (77): 23-44. 2018.
    Various criteria for the natural/non-natural distinction have been suggested in metaethics. Shafer-Landau first claimed that natural properties are properties that are used in scientific disciplines. But firstly, this definition is not comprehensive, and secondly it is ambiguous; according to the second criterion, two lists must be prepared; the first list includes terms that most people consider to be natural. The terms that are not included in the first list, are transferred to the list of non…Read more
  •  5
    Religious Epistemology and Dialectic
    Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (3): 43-58. 2019.
    Much recent discussion of the epistemology of religious belief has focused on justification of belief in the existence of God. Religious belief, however, includes much more than belief in God. In this paper, it is argued that the justification of belief in God is best seen in the context of other interrelated religious beliefs and practices. Philosophers of religion argue about whether religious belief requires evidence and on the sorts of arguments that have been presented. In this paper, a dia…Read more