•  2
    Kin Against Kin: Internal Co-selection and the Coherence of Kinship Typologies
    with Sam Passmore, Wolfgang Barth, Kyla Quinn, Simon J. Greenhill, and Fiona M. Jordan
    Biological Theory 1-18. forthcoming.
    Across the world people in different societies structure their family relationships in many different ways. These relationships become encoded in their languages as kinship terminology, a word set that maps variably onto a vast genealogical grid of kinship categories, each of which could in principle vary independently. But the observed diversity of kinship terminology is considerably smaller than the enormous theoretical design space. For the past century anthropologists have captured this vari…Read more
  • Mental transportation mediates nostalgia’s psychological benefits
    with Joseph Reyes, Tim Wildschut, Constantine Sedikides, and Adam K. Fetterman
    Cognition and Emotion 35 (1): 84-95. 2021.
  •  90
    Moving Through Capacity Space: Mapping Disability and Enhancement
    with Joel Michael Reynolds and Kaylee R. Johnson
    Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (6). 2020.
    In this paper, we highlight some problems for accounts of disability and enhancement that have not been sufficiently addressed in the literature. The reason, we contend, is that contemporary debates that seek to define, characterise or explain the normative valence of disability and enhancement do not pay sufficient attention to a wide range of cases, and the transition between one state and another. In section one, we provide seven cases that might count as disability or enhancement. We explain…Read more
  •  21
    The Ethics of Social Distancing
    The Philosophers' Magazine 89 96-103. 2020.
  •  9
    Children of Capital: Eugenics in the World of Private Biotechnology
    Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 6 (3-4): 285-297. 2015.
  •  11
    Dual-use decision making: relational and positional issues
    Monash Bioethics Review 32 (3-4): 268-283. 2014.
    Debates about dual-use research often turn on the potential for scientific research to be used to benefit or harm humanity. This dual-use potential is conventionally understood as the product of the magnitude of the harms and benefits of dual-use research, multiplied by their likelihood. This account, however, neglects important social aspects of the use of science and technology. In this paper, I supplement existing conceptions of dual-use potential to account for the social context of dual-use…Read more
  •  32
    Did language evolve in multilingual settings?
    Biology and Philosophy 32 (6): 905-933. 2017.
    Accounts of language evolution have largely suffered from a monolingual bias, assuming that language evolved in a single isolated community sharing most speech conventions. Rather, evidence from the small-scale societies who form the best simulacra available for ancestral human communities suggests that the combination of small societal scale and out-marriage pushed ancestral human communities to make use of multiple linguistic systems. Evolutionary innovations would have occurred in a number of…Read more
  •  15
    The social value of candidate HIV cures: actualism versus possibilism
    with Regina Brown
    Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (2): 118-123. 2017.
  • The Irish Annals: Their genesis, evolution and history (review)
    The Medieval Review 4. 2009.
  •  17
    Reciprocal constructions in Mah Meri
    with Gaby Alice
    In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology, John Benjamins Pub. Company. pp. 149--162. 2011.
  •  7
    Mundari reciprocals
    with Toshiki Osada
    In Reciprocals and Semantic Typology, John Benjamins Pub. Company. pp. 98--115. 2011.
  •  44
    In this paper, I will discuss the responsibilities that scientists have for ensuring their work is interpreted correctly. I will argue that there are three good reasons for scientists to work to ensure the appropriate communication of their findings. First, I will argue that scientists have a general obligation to ensure scientific research is communicated properly based on the vulnerability of others to the misrepresentation of their work. Second, I will argue that scientists have a special obl…Read more
  •  43
    Winning Well by Fighting Well: Probability of Success and the Relations between War’s Ends and Warfighters’ Roles
    with Adam Henschke
    International Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (2): 149-163. 2012.
    Modern warfare has shifted from the traditional conception of states involved in self-defensive wars to include peacekeeping missions, humanitarian intervention, regional stabilisation in the face of natural disasters, and more. A central criterion from just war traditions is the probability of success—given the magnitude of harms that large military operations are expected to cause; there must be some likelihood that the military operation will be successful. However, how likely a given militar…Read more
  •  26
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology : biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts
  •  477
    Great expectations—ethics, avian flu and the value of progress
    Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4): 209-213. 2013.
    A recent controversy over the US National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity's recommendation to censor two publications on genetically modified H5N1 avian influenza has generated concern over the threat to scientific freedom such censorship presents. In this paper, I argue that in the case of these studies, appeals to scientific freedom are not sufficient to motivate a rejection of censorship. I then use this conclusion to draw broader concerns about the ethics of dual-use research