Florida State University
Department of Philosophy
PhD, 1993
Akron, Ohio, United States of America
Areas of Specialization
Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy
  •  638
    Aristotle and chrysippus on the psychology of human action: Criteria for responsibility
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (2). 2007.
    This Article doDespite obvious differences in the Aristotelian and Stoic theories of responsibility, there is surprisingly a deeper structural similarity between the two. The most obvious difference is that Aristotle is (apparently) a libertarian and the Stoics are determinists. Aristotle holds adults responsible for all our "voluntary" actions, which are defined by two criteria: the "origin" or cause of the action must be "in us" and we must be aware of what we are doing. An "involuntary" a…Read more
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  •  56
    What Sort of Skeptic Is Socrates?
    Teaching Philosophy 31 (2): 113-118. 2008.
    It is frequently, but incorrectly, claimed that Socrates said “All I know is that I know nothing.” The source of this misquote is Plato’s dialogue the Apology, where there are five Socratic claims that may appear to justify it. I review these five claims in their context to prove that they are not equivalent to, nor do they imply, the infamous quote. What Socrates does say is that he does not think that he knows anything that he does not in fact really know. He is skeptical in a certain sense; b…Read more
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    This paper describes a strategy for getting students interested in ancient, especially Hellenistic, philosophy. While the works of Aristotle, the Stoics, the Skeptics, and the Epicureans may strike students as impossibly distant in time and thus far removed from their own personal concerns, students are always interested in the topics of free will and moral responsibility. Teaching the transition from Hellenic to Hellenistic philosophy through an emphasis on treatments of these topics engages st…Read more
  •  21
    Feminism and Aristotle
    Apeiron 32 (1). 1999.
  •  19
    Sextus Empiricus: Against the Grammarians
    Philosophical Review 110 (3): 449. 2001.
    This book is the recent addition to the Clarendon Later Ancient Philosophers series, and its greatest significance lies in its being the sole commentary on Against the Grammarians. It also provides the only English alternative to Bury’s 1949 translation in the Loeb edition. As such, it is a clear and readable translation, although, of course, there is no Greek text provided.
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    The Sceptics
    Ancient Philosophy 18 (1): 202-206. 1998.
  •  12
    Colloquium 5: The Αristotelian Origins of Stoic Determinism
    Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 24 (1): 163-196. 2009.
  • From Socratic Skepticism to Platonic Dogmatism
    Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 11. 2000.
  • Brad Inwood, The Poem of Empedocles Reviewed by
    Philosophy in Review 12 (4): 257-259. 1992.
  • Aristotle and the Early Stoics on Freedom and Determinism in Human Action
    Dissertation, The Florida State University. 1993.
    In Aristotle and the Stoics Sandbach argued that there is no evidence to prove that the Stoics were influenced by Aristotle. This work challenges that conclusion by arguing that the Stoics both knew of and were responding to Aristotle's theory of human action. I establish this by a comparison of their views on action and responsibility. ;The relationship between Aristotle and the Stoics on this issue is complex. Their conclusions are diametrically opposed: Aristotle believes all voluntary action…Read more
  • Brad Inwood, The Poem of Empedocles (review)
    Philosophy in Review 12 257-259. 1992.