•  25
    Conflicting Process Theodicies
    Process Studies 48 (1): 19-39. 2019.
    This article examines the process theodicies of David Ray Griffin and Philip Clayton. It explains their differences on such issues as God’s primordial power and voluntary self-limitation, creativity as an independent metaphysical principle that limits God, creation out of nothing or out of chaos, and God’s voluntary causal naturalism. Difficulties with their positions are discussed. The Clayton-Knapp “no-not-once” principle is explained, and a more comprehensive process theodicy is outlined.
  •  2
    John Wesley was an incredible person both in what he did and what he thought. Viewed against the background of the Christian scholars of his day and those who went before him, his thinking was immensely creative, insightful, and at times downright radical. From this book readers will learn more about what he thought than about what he did, but both are explored. Most Methodists know a little bit about what he did, but almost nothing about what he thought. When readers find out about them, they m…Read more
  •  74
    A Genuine Monotheism for Christians, Muslims, Jews, and All
    Journal of Ecumenical Studies 52 554-586. 2017.
    Today's conflicts between religions are grounded largely in historical injustices and grievances but partly in serious conceptual disagreements. This essay agrees with Miroslav Volf that a nontritheistic Christian account of the Trinity is highly desirable. Three traditional models of the Trinity are examined. In their pure, unmixed form, two of them should logically be acceptable to Jews, Muslims, and strict monotheists who regard Christianity as inherently tritheistic, despite lip service to o…Read more
  •  98
    Was Jesus Ever Happy? How John Wesley Could Have Answered
    Wesleyan Theological Journal 52 (2017): 119-132. 2017.
    John Wesley did not directly address the question, but he could have answered "Yes'" to "Was Jesus Ever Happy?" given his understanding of "happiness." His eudaimonistic understanding of happiness was that it consists in renewing and actualizing the image of God within us, especially the image of love. More particularly, it consists in actually living a life of moral virtue, love included, of spiritual fulfillment, of joy or pleasure taken in loving God, others, and self, and in minimizing unnec…Read more
  •  103
    Identification Ethics and Spirituality
    Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice 9 1-17. 2016.
    This article explores a form of ethics and spirituality based on the nearly universal but often undeveloped human capacity for identifying self with others and with non-personal values. It begins with commonplace non-moral identification experiences, then describes identification with others in ethical and spiritual unions. Freud’s psychological emphasis on identification is linked with ethics and spirituality, though Freud would have objected. Robert S. Hartman’s three kinds of goodness—systemi…Read more
  •  474
    "John Wesley's Non-Literal Literalism and Hermeneutics of Love"
    Wesleyan Theological Journal 51 (2): 26-40. 2016.
    A thorough examination of John Wesley’s writings will show that he was not a biblical literalist or infallibilist, despite his own occasional suggestions to the contrary. His most important principles for interpreting the Bible were: We should take its words literally only if doing so is not absurd, in which case we should “look for a looser meaning;” and “No Scripture can mean that God is not love, or that his mercy is not over all his works.” Eleven instances of his not taking biblical texts l…Read more
  •  95
    Whitehead's Theistic Metaphysics and Axiology
    Process Studies 45 (1): 5-32. 2016.
    This article explores and critically examines the concepts and value dimensions of God, process, creativity, eternal objects, and individuals in Whitehead's thought.
  •  366
    This article approaches Judaism through Rabbi Bradley S. Artson’s book, God of Becoming and Relationships: The Dynamic Nature of Process Theology. It explores his understanding of how Jewish theology should and does cohere with central features of both process theology and Robert S. Hartman’s formal axiology. These include the axiological/process concept of God, the intrinsic value and valuation of God and unique human beings, and Jewish extrinsic and systemic values, value combinations, and val…Read more
  •  113
    God as a Single Processing Actual Entity
    Process Studies 42 (1): 77-86. 2013.
    This article defends Marjorie Suchocki’s position against two main objections raised by David E. Conner. Conner objects that God as a single actual entity must be temporal because there is succession in God’s experience ofthe world. The reply is that time involves at least two successive occasions separated by perishing, but in God nothing ever perishes. Conner also objects that Suchocki’s personalistic process theism is not experiential but is instead theoretical and not definitive. The reply i…Read more
  •  265
    Toward an Axiological Virtue Ethics
    Ethical Research 3 (3): 21-48. 2013.
    This article introduces Formal Axiology, first developed by Robert S. Hartman, and explains its essential features—a formal definition of “good” (the “Form of the Good”), three basic kinds of value and evaluation—systemic, extrinsic, and intrinsic, and the hierarchy of value according to which good things having the richest quantity and quality of good-making properties are better than those having less. Formal Axiology is extended into moral philosophy by applying the Form of the Good to person…Read more
  •  34
    This book explores three easily recognized personality types of great spiritual significance--worldliness, ideology, and saintliness. These spiritual types are defined by the dominant values they manifest--extrinsic, systemic, or intrinsic. The thoughts, experiences, actions, feelings, and overall characters and behaviors of people belonging to these types are shaped and expressed by what and how they value, as the chapters in the book explain. A distinctive mode of spirituality is correlated wi…Read more
  •  34
    Defining Love: A Philosophical, Scientific, and Theological Engagement; and The Nature of Love: A Theology
    American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 32 (3): 276-281. 2011.
    These two remarkable books, both published in 2010, share many themes but differ in significant ways, and each is very much worth reading and pondering. Oord’s The Nature of Love concentrates primarily on conceptual and theological themes relating to the very nature of love itself and what influential theologians have had to say about love. His Defining Love focuses on how the social and physical sciences impact our understanding of human and divine love. Both books presuppose and express many t…Read more
  • This book explains and advances formal axiology as originally developed by Robert S. Hartman. Formal axiology identifies the general patterns involved in the meaning of "good" and other value concepts, in what we value , and in how we value
  •  56
    People and Their Worth: Uniting Process and Axiology
    Process Studies 38 (1): 43-68. 2009.
    This article argues that process philosophy and Hartmanian formal axiology are natural allies that can contribute much to each other. Hartmanian axiology can bring much needed order and clarity to process thought about the definitions of “good,” “better,” and “best,” about what things are intrinsically good, and about the nature and value of unique, enduring, individual persons. Process thought can bring to axiology greater clarity about and emphasis on the relational and temporal features of hu…Read more
  •  15
    The New Science of Axiological Psychology
    with Leon Pomeroy
    Rodopi. 2005.
    This book uses scientific validity measures to create empirical value science and a normative new science of axiological psychology by integrating cognitive psychology with Robert S. Hartman’s formal theory of axiological science. It reveals a scientific way to identify and rank human values, achieving values appreciation, values clarification, and values measurement for the twenty first century. Rem B. Edwards edited it for publication, but its author is Leon Pomeroy.
  • Religion and Violence: Philosophical Perspectives from Kant to Derrida (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 57 (4): 833-834. 2004.
    If you relish paradoxes, this is the book for you. The writings quoted are full of them; the book is largely about “a category beyond all categories”, “atemporal temporality”, “the radical possibility of the impossible itself”, the “concept without concept”, “the myth of the myth, the metaphor of the metaphor”, “hospitality-without-hospitality, brotherhood-without-brotherhood, messianicity-without-messianism”, “relation without relation”, “ethics beyond ethics”, and “the One plus or minus One, n…Read more
  •  9
    Review of Religion and Violence
    Review of Metaphysics 57 (4): 833-834. 2004.
  •  16
    Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character (review)
    International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4): 145-146. 2003.
  •  1
    What Caused the Big Bang?
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 53 (3): 189-193. 2003.
  •  1
    Religious Values and Valuations
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 53 (1): 57-60. 2003.
  •  21
    The Knowledge of Good: Critique of Axiological Reason (edited book)
    with Robert S. Hartman and Arthur R. Ellis
    Rodopi. 2002.
    This book presents Robert S. Hartman’s formal theory of value and critically examines many other twentieth century value theorists in its light, including A.J. Ayer, Kurt Baier, Brand Blanshard, Paul Edwards, Albert Einstein, William K. Frankena, R.M. Hare, Nicolai Hartmann, Martin Heidegger, G.E. Moore, P.H. Nowell-Smith, Jose Ortega y Gasset, Charles Stevenson, Paul W. Taylor, Stephen E. Toulmin, and J.O. Urmson
  •  5
    Dialogues on Values and Centers of Value: Old Friends, New Thoughts (edited book)
    with Thomas M. Dicken
    Rodopi. 2001.
    This book features two old philosophical friends engaged in lively personal and intellectual conversations. Wary of any dogmatism, their dialogues explore the Big Bang and the joy of grandchildren, value theory and terrorism, God and art, metaphor and meaning, while assessing the thought of Robert S. Hartman, Alfred North Whitehead, Charles Hartshorne, H. Richard Niebuhr, and others
  •  24
    This book critically explores answers to the big question, What produced our universe around fifteen billion years ago in a Big Bang? It critiques contemporary atheistic cosmologies, including Steady State, Oscillationism, Big Fizz, Big Divide, and Big Accident, that affirm the eternity and self-sufficiency of the universe without God. This study defends and revises Process Theology and arguments for God's existence from the universe's life-supporting order and contingent existence
  •  138
    How Process Theology Can Affirm Creation Ex Nihilo
    Process Studies 29 (1): 77-96. 2000.
    Most process theologians have rejected the creation of the world out of nothing, holding that our universe was created out of some antecedent universe. This article shows how on process grounds, and with faithfulness to much of what Whitehead had to say, process theologians can and should affirm the creation of our universe out of nothing. Standard process objections to this are refuted.
  •  11
    Fetz's misunderstandings of formal axiology
    Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 13 (1): 24-30. 1999.
  •  23
    The Works of Jonathan Edwards, Volume 14: Sermons and Discourses, 1723–1729 (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 52 (1): 140-142. 1998.
    This volume contains the editor’s informative “Preface to the Period”, the Quaestio that Edwards submitted in 1723 to complete his master’s degree at Yale, and 19 sermons. Some of the sermons were first preached during 1723 and 1724 in Bolton, Connecticut, but most were composed between 1726 and 1729 in Northampton, Massachusetts while Edwards was junior minister in the church of Solomon Stoddard, his grandfather; a few originated after Stoddard’s death in February, 1729, when Edwards became sol…Read more
  • Death and dying
    In Rem B. Edwards & G. C. Graber (eds.), Bioethics, . pp. 387-401. 1998.
    This is a textbook of articles in Medical Ethics
  •  13
    The Harmony of the Soul: Mental Health and Moral Virtue Reconsidered (review)
    International Studies in Philosophy 29 (2): 149-150. 1997.