•  65
    The Ethics of Krabbe Newborn Screening
    with J. M. Kwon
    Public Health Ethics 6 (1): 114-128. 2013.
    The experience of newborn screening for Krabbe disease in New York State demonstrates the ethical problems that arise when screening programs are expanded in the absence of true understanding of the diseases involved. In its 5 years of testing and millions of dollars in costs, there have been very few benefits, and the testing has uncovered potential cases of late-onset disease that raise difficult ethical questions in their own right. For these reasons, we argue that Krabbe screening should onl…Read more
  •  40
    A Partnership for the Ages
    Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 104 (1): 195-216. 2023.
    Burke suggests that we should view society as a partnership between the past, the present, and the future. I defend this idea by outlining how we can understand the interests of the past and future people and the obligations that they have towards each other. I argue that we have forward-looking obligations to leave the world a decent place, and backward-looking obligations to respect the legacy of the past. The latter obligation requires an understanding of the role that traditions and meta-tr…Read more
  •  142
    Primum Non Nocere Mortuis: Bioethics and the Lives of the Dead
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (6): 732-755. 2019.
    advanced directivesend-of-life decisionsharming the deadposthumous reproductiontransplant ethics
  •  7
    Rawlsian “Neutrality” and Enhancement Technologies
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (2): 54-55. 2010.
  •  4
    Moral Philosophy and Moral Enhancements
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4): 12-13. 2011.
  •  221
    Public Health and Normative Public Goods
    Public Health Ethics 11 (1): 20-26. 2018.
    Public health is concerned with increasing the health of the community at whole. Insofar as health is a ‘good’ and the community constitutes a ‘public’, public health by definition promotes a ‘public good’. But ‘public good’ has a particular and much more narrow meaning in the economics literature, and some commentators have tried to limit the scope of public health to this more narrow meaning of a ‘public good’. While such a move makes the content of public health less controversial, it also st…Read more
  •  2
    Details, Details
    Modern Schoolman 70 (4): 289-304. 1993.
  •  150
    Establishing Toleration
    Political Theory 27 (5): 667-693. 1999.
    Liberals often assume that once people see the costs of intolerance that they will come to embrace toleration and that once they can accept toleration as a modus vivendi, they will soon be able to see it as a good in its own right. But, I argue, that the logic that make in tolerance difficult to break also compel people to resist any attempts to make toleration more than a modus vivendi. True toleration will not be embraced unless the people undergo a kind of conversion experience.
  • A Context for Liberalism: A Humean Account of Political Justification
    Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1990.
    From Rousseau and Marx to Alasdair MacIntyre and Michael Sandel, communitarians have argued that liberalism fails to understand and respect the values that arise from the practices of particular communities. But liberalism need not fall prey to this objection, once we understand the role that practices should play in a political theory. In the largely-unread historical and political works of David Hume, I argue, we can find the resources for a political theory that stresses the importance of the…Read more
  •  3
    The Fate of Eloquence in the Age of Hume. By Adam Potkay (review)
    Modern Schoolman 73 (2): 191-193. 1996.
  •  7
    Keeping Hope Alive (A Commentary on Elshtain)
    Modern Schoolman 78 (2-3): 179-187. 2001.
  •  23
    Character. By Joel J. Kupperman (review)
    Modern Schoolman 71 (3): 252-254. 1994.
  •  17
    Soldiers as agents
    American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2). 2008.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  78
    Morality above Metaphysics
    Hume Studies 28 (1): 131-147. 2002.
    In part 12 of Hume's Dialogues concerning Natural Religion, Philo famously appears to reverse his course. After slicing the Argument from Design into small pieces throughout most of the first eleven parts of the Dialogues, he suddenly seems to endorse a version of it
  •  7
    The Fate of Eloquence in the Age of Hume. By Adam Potkay (review)
    Modern Schoolman 73 (2): 191-193. 1996.
  •  28
    Religion and Newborn Screening
    with Jennifer M. Kwon
    American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1): 20-21. 2016.
  •  23
    Health literacy and autonomy
    American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11). 2007.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  142
    Transparent Vessels?: What Organ Donors Should Be Allowed to Know about Their Recipients
    Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1): 323-332. 2013.
    After a long search, Jonathan has finally found someone willing to donate a kidney to him and thereby free him from dialysis. Meredith is Jonathan's second cousin, and she considers herself a generous person, so although she barely knows Jonathan, she is willing to help. However, as Meredith learns more about the donation process, she begins to ask questions about Jonathan: “Is he HIV positive? I heard he got it using drugs. Has he been in jail? He's already had one live donor, so what happened …Read more
  •  84
    Moral conversions
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (3): 531-550. 1996.
  •  11
    Details, Details
    Modern Schoolman 70 (4): 289-304. 1993.
  •  202
    David Hume is an ardent supporter of the practice of religions toleration. For Hume, toleration forms part of the background that makes progress in philosophy possible, and it accounts for the superiority of philosophical thought in England in the eighteenth century. As he puts it in the introduction to the Treatise: “the improvements in reason and philosophy can only be owing to a land of toleration and of liberty”. Similarly, the narrator of part 11 of the First Enquiry comments
  •  110
    Hume on the Characters of Virtue
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (1): 45-64. 1997.
    In the world according to Hume, people are complicated creatures, with convoluted, often contradictory characters. Consider, for example, Hume's controversial assessment of Charles I: "The character of this prince, as that of most men, if not of all men, was mixed .... To consider him in the most favourable light, it may be affirmed, that his dignity was free from pride, his humanity from weakness, his bravery from rashness, his temperance from austerity, his frugality from avarice .... To speak…Read more
  •  42
    The warm courage of national unity
    The Philosophers' Magazine 34 (34): 65-68. 2006.
  •  49
    Trust and Toleration
    Routledge. 2004.
    Toleration would seem to be the most rational response to deep conflicts. However, by examining the conditions under which trust can develop between warring parties, it becomes clear that a fundamental shift in values - a conversion - is required before toleration makes sense. This book argues that maintaining trust is the key to stable practices of toleration.
  •  7
    Of Socinians and Homosexuals: Trust and the Limits of Toleration
    In Russel Hardin, Ingrid Crepell & Stephen Macedo (eds.), Toleration on Trial, Lexington Books. pp. 85. 2008.
    The limits of toleration are at the limits of trust. Without a minimal level of trust between different groups, any accommodation will quickly break down (Dees 1999). In many ways, the point here is obvious: people have to trust one another enough to make toleration possible. In other words, they have to feel that their fundamental moral interests are not threatened if they accept toleration. If that trust breaks down, then civil war—in either the hot or the cold variety—will break out. A so…Read more