•  233
    The nature and basis of human dignity
    with Patrick Lee
    In Adam Schulman (ed.), Human dignity and bioethics: essays commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics, [president's Council On Bioethics. pp. 173-193. 2008.
  •  148
    Profoundly important ethical and political controversies turn on the question of whether biological life is an essential aspect of a human person, or only an extrinsic instrument. Lee and George argue that human beings are physical, animal organisms - albeit essentially rational and free - and examine the implications of this understanding of human beings for some of the most controversial issues in contemporary ethics and politics. The authors argue that human beings are animal organisms and th…Read more
  •  131
    The nature and basis of human dignity
    Ratio Juris 21 (2): 173-193. 2008.
    Abstract. We argue that all human beings have a special type of dignity which is the basis for (1) the obligation all of us have not to kill them, (2) the obligation to take their well-being into account when we act, and (3) even the obligation to treat them as we would have them treat us, and indeed, that all human beings are equal in fundamental dignity. We give reasons to oppose the position that only some human beings, because of their possession of certain characteristics in addition to the…Read more
  •  125
    Human cloning and embryo research: The 2003 John J. Conley lecture on medical ethics
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (1): 3-20. 2004.
    The author, a member of the U.S.President's Council on Bioethics, discussesethical issues raised by human cloning, whetherfor purposes of bringing babies to birth or forresearch purposes. He first argues that everycloned human embryo is a new, distinct, andenduring organism, belonging to the speciesHomo sapiens, and directing its owndevelopment toward maturity. He then distinguishesbetween two types of capacities belonging toindividual organisms belonging to this species,an immediately exercisea…Read more
  •  110
    The Ontological Status of Embryos: A Reply to Jason Morris
    with Patrick Lee and Christopher Tollefsen
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (5): 483-504. 2014.
    In various places we have defended the position that a new human organism, that is, an individual member of the human species, comes to be at fertilization, the union of the spermatozoon and the oocyte. This individual organism, during the ordinary course of embryological development, remains the same individual and does not undergo any further substantial change, unless monozygotic twinning, or some form of chimerism occurs. Recently, in this Journal Jason Morris has challenged our position, cl…Read more
  •  73
    Ontological and ethical implications of direct nuclear reprogramming: Response to Magill and neaves
    with Maureen L. Condic and Patrick Lee
    Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1). 2009.
    The paper by Magill and Neaves in this issue of the Journal attempts to rebut the "natural potency" position, based on recent advances in direct reprogramming of somatic cells to yield "induced pluripotent stem" (iPS) cells. As stated by the authors, the natural potency position holds that because "a human embryo directs its own integral organismic function from its beginning . . . there is a whole, albeit immature, and distinct human organism that is intrinsically valuable with the status of in…Read more
  •  71
    Response to: Is the pro-choice position for infanticide 'madness'?
    Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5): 302-302. 2013.
    As Charles Camosy observes, he and I agree more than we disagree. He believes with no less conviction than I do that deliberately killing infant children is profoundly morally wrong and a grave violation of human rights.1 So where do we disagree?I think that killing infant children, or promoting the moral permissibility of doing so, is moral madness, and that we should say so, rather than treating infanticide as just one more legitimate, albeit in the end morally mistaken view. We owe this to po…Read more
  •  60
    Palliative opioid use, palliative sedation and euthanasia: reaffirming the distinction
    with Guy Schofield, Idris Baker, Rachel Bullock, Hannah Clare, Paul Clark, Derek Willis, and Craig Gannon
    Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1): 48-50. 2020.
    We read with interest the extended essay published from Riisfeldt and are encouraged by an empirical ethics article which attempts to ground theory and its claims in the real world. However, such attempts also have real-world consequences. We are concerned to read the paper’s conclusion that clinical evidence weakens the distinction between euthanasia and normal palliative care prescribing. This is important. Globally, the most significant barrier to adequate symptom control in people with life-…Read more
  •  59
    Infanticide and madness
    Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5): 299-301. 2013.
    I am, of course, aware that infanticide was accepted and practiced in ancient Greece and Rome, and is still practiced in places like India and China today; just as I am aware that slavery was accepted and practiced in ancient Greece and Rome , and is still practiced in some places today. But if philosophers, no matter how sophisticated, were to step forward today to argue that slavery is morally acceptable , I would call that madness.Of course, the ‘madness’ I am referring to in condemning the a…Read more
  •  55
    Reason, morality, and law: the philosophy of John Finnis (edited book)
    with John Keown
    Oxford University Press. 2013.
    John Finnis is a pre-eminent legal, moral and political philosopher. This volume contains over 25 essays by leading international scholars of philosophy and law who critically engage with issues at the heart of Finnis's work.
  •  54
    The Nature and Basis of Human Dignity
    Ratio Juris 21 (2): 173-193. 2008.
    We argue that all human beings have a special type of dignity which is the basis for (1) the obligation all of us have not to kill them, (2) the obligation to take their well-being into account when we act, and (3) even the obligation to treat them as we would have them treat us, and indeed, that all human beings are equal in fundamental dignity. We give reasons to oppose the position that only some human beings, because of their possession of certain characteristics in addition to their humanit…Read more
  •  43
    Battin et al examined data on deaths from physician-assisted suicide in Oregon and on PAS and voluntary euthanasia in The Netherlands. This paper reviews the methodology used in their examination and questions the conclusions drawn from it—namely, that there is for the most part ‘no evidence of heightened risk’ to vulnerable people from the legalisation of PAS or VE. This critique focuses on the evidence about PAS in Oregon. It suggests that vulnerability to PAS cannot be categorised simply by r…Read more
  •  41
    David U. Himmelstein practices medi
    with Daniel Callahan, R. Alta Charo, Guang-Shing Cheng, Frank A. Chervenak, Susan Dorr Goold, Lawrence O. Gostin, Markus Grompe, William B. Hurlbut, and Insoo Hyun
    Hastings Center Report. forthcoming.
  •  29
    Seeking Consensus: A Clarification and Defense of Altered Nuclear Transfer
    with William B. Hurlbut and Markus Grompe
    Hastings Center Report 36 (5): 42-50. 2006.
  •  29
    Conjugal Union, What Marriage Is and Why It Matters
    Cambridge University Press. 2014.
    This book defends the conjugal view of marriage. Patrick Lee and Robert P. George argue that marriage is a distinctive type of community: the union of a man and a woman who have committed to sharing their lives on every level of their beings (bodily, emotionally, and spiritually) in the kind of union that would be fulfilled by conceiving and rearing children together. The comprehensive nature of this union, and its intrinsic orientation to procreation as its natural fulfillment, distinguishes ma…Read more
  •  25
    Ethics, politics, and genetic knowledge
    Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3): 1029-1032. 2006.
    While we should acknowledge the blessings that genetic knowledge, and the biotechnologies it makes possible, have delivered or will deliver soon, there are urgent worries to consider. The first worry is that we may compromise, or further compromise, in both science and politics, the principle that every human being, irrespective of age, size, mental or physical condition, stage of development, or condition of dependency, possesses inherent worth and dignity and a right to life. The second worry,…Read more
  •  24
    Seeking Consensus
    with M. D. Hurlbut and M. D. Grompe
    The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (2): 339-352. 2007.
  •  21
    Conscience and Its Enemies
    Catholic Social Science Review 18 281-288. 2013.
    The following is the text of an address delivered by Professor George at the twentieth anniversary conference of the Society of Catholic Social Scientists in New York, October 2012. George identifies the intellectual roots of recent threats to conscience rights—especially for people of faith—in the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology’s 2008 report that, he argues, makes ideological claims rather than using scientific evidence to support the denial of conscience rights to medical profes…Read more
  •  21
    To the Editor
    with Patrick Lee
    Hastings Center Report 41 (2): 8-9. 2011.
  •  16
    On Peter Simpson on “Illiberal Liberalism”
    American Journal of Jurisprudence 62 (1): 103-110. 2017.
  •  15
    The not-so-tell-tale heart
    with Patrick Lee
    Hastings Center Report 41 (3): 8-9. 2011.
  •  12
    Entre el derecho y la moral
    Grupo Editorial Ibañez. 2009.
  •  10
    Seeking Consensus
    with William B. Hurlbut and Markus Grompe
    The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (2): 339-352. 2007.
  •  9
    The Cambridge companion to natural law jurisprudence (edited book)
    Cambridge University Press. 2017.
  •  5
    A Note on Twinning
    Ethics and Medics 31 (9): 4-4. 2006.
  •  4
    Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis (edited book)
    with John Keown Dcl
    Oxford University Press UK. 2013.
    This volume gathers leading moral, legal, and political philosophers alongside theologians to examine John Finnis' work. The book offers the first sustained critical study of Finnis' contribution across the philosophy of rationality, legal and political philosophy, and theology. It includes a substantial response from Finnis himself in which he defends and develops his ideas.
  •  1
    Human dignity and natural law
    In Tom P. S. Angier, Iain T. Benson & Mark Retter (eds.), The Cambridge handbook of natural law and human rights, Cambridge University Press. 2022.
  •  1
    The central tradition
    In Colin Patrick Farrelly & Lawrence Solum (eds.), Virtue jurisprudence, Palgrave-macmillan. 2008.