M.A. Philosophy, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran, 2015-20 ٰThesis: Conditioning the Political Power of the Church in Marsilius of Padua’s Thought. Committee: Mohammad Ilkhani (supervisor), Ahmad Asgari (advisor), Amirhossein Saket (external).
M.A. International Relations, Allāmeh Tabātabā’i University, Tehran, Iran, 2007-2010. Dissertation: The Development of US Strategy in Afghanistan (2001-2010).
B.A. Philosophy, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, 2001-2005.