•  159
    The technology of participation as a means of improving universities in transitional economies
    with Tatiana Medvedeva and Alisa Oyler
    World Futures 60 (1 & 2). 2004.
    Group process methods for problem solving and planning are now widely used in organizations in the United States. Such methods, which involve active participation by employees, are not often used in Russia. We believe these methods would help Russia move from a centrally planned, authoritarian style of management to a more participatory, information-sharing style of management. Accordingly, two training sessions were held with faculty members at universities in Irkutsk and Novosibirsk. This arti…Read more
  •  114
    Should knowledge of management be organized as theories or as methods?
    In Robert Trappl (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal, Austrian Society For Cybernetics Studies. pp. 2--492. 2002.
    The philosophy of science has traditionally assumed that knowledge should be organized in the form of theories. From theories propositions can be deduced that can be tested in experiments. Most propositions deduced from theories take the form of if-then statements. For example, if variable A increases, what happens to variable B, assuming that all other variables are held constant? However, an alternative way of organizing knowledge, in the form of producer-product relationships, was propose…Read more
  •  60
    Ernst von Glasersfeld's Limerick
    Constructivist Foundations 2 (2-3): 146-146. 2007.
    First paragraph: In the 1980s I went through a phase of writing limericks during idle moments when I lacked something to read. The result was a set of 27 limericks about cybernetics (Umpleby 1992). I occasionally use the limericks in class to restate a theoretical point. Limericks bring a smile and demonstrate that cybernetics can be approached in a variety of ways. Below are three limericks from this collection. The last was written by Ernst von Glasersfeld. It seems Ernst believed that I was o…Read more
  •  58
    Social learning through process improvements in Russia
    with Tatiana Medvedeva
    In Robert Trappl (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems, Austrian Society For Cybernetics Studies. pp. 2. 2002.
    The Russian people are struggling to learn how to create a democracy and a market economy. This paper reviews the results of reform efforts to date and what the Russian people are learning as indicated by changes in answers to public opinion surveys. As a way to continue the social learning process in Russia we suggest the widespread use of process improvement methods in organizations. This paper describes some Russian experiences in using process improvement methods and proposes a strategy for …Read more
  •  39
    The philosophy of science has traditionally assumed that knowledge should be organized in the form of theories. From theories propositions can be deduced that can be tested in experiments. Most propositions deduced from theories take the form of if-then statements. For example, if variable A increases, what happens to variable B, assuming that all other variables are held constant? However, an alternative way of organizing knowledge, in the form of producer-product relationships, was propose…Read more
  •  22
    Second-Order Science: Logic, Strategies, Methods
    Constructivist Foundations 10 (1): 16-23. 2014.
    Context: Philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy that deals with methods, foundations, and implications of science. It is a theory of how to create scientific knowledge. Presently, there is widespread agreement on how to do science, namely conjectures, ideally in the form of a mathematical model, and refutations, testing the model using empirical evidence. Problem: Many social scientists are using a conception of science created for the physical sciences. Expanding philosophy of scienc…Read more
  •  13
    Upshot: The work that scientists do, particularly social scientists, is currently constrained by their conception of science. Expanding the conception of science would lead to more innovative work and more rapid social progress
  •  9
    Author’s Response: Struggling to Define an Identity for Second-Order Cybernetics
    Constructivist Foundations 11 (3): 481-488. 2016.
    Upshot: Second-order cybernetics is an important field for the scientific enterprise but it has difficulty explaining itself to those outside the field and defining itself to those inside the field.
  •  6
    The Illinois Delphi Exploration of Alternative Futures
    Journal of Aesthetic Education 4 (1): 129-133. 1970.
  •  6
    The Social and Political Context of Science
    Constructivist Foundations 10 (1): 133-135. 2014.
    Open peer commentary on the article “On Climate Change Research, the Crisis of Science and Second-order Science” by Philipp Aufenvenne, Heike Egner & Kirsten von Elverfeldt. Upshot: Second-order science primarily focuses on perception and cognition. However, social contexts, including political interpretations of science, are also included because they are part of the interpretations of the observer. To understand a scientific theory, it is helpful to understand neurophysiology, the history of t…Read more