•  13
    Form and Function in Aristotle
    History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 23 (2): 317-337. 2020.
    On the one hand, Aristotle claims that the matter of a material thing is not part of its form. On the other hand, he suggests that the proper account of a natural thing must include a specification of the kind of matter in which it is realized. There are three possible strategies for dealing with this apparent tension. First, there may be two kinds of definition, so that the definition of the form of a thing does not include any specification of its matter, whereas the definition of a compound d…Read more
  •  13
    "Conscientia" bei Descartes
    Alber Verlag. 2006.
    Although Descartes is often said to have coined the modern notion of 'consciousness', he nowhere defines the according Latin term (conscientia), neither explicitly nor implicitly. This may either imply that he used the word in a sense that he did not make sufficiently clear, that he was not the first to use 'conscientia' in its modern psychological sense, or that he still used it in its traditional sense. I argue for the third assumption: Descartes used 'conscientia' according to the traditional…Read more
  •  12
    Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge 45 152-157. 2004.
  •  12
    Documents: Fillers of Informational Gaps
    The Monist 97 (2): 246-255. 2014.
    Something is a document insofar as its official function is to compensate for the impossibility of immediately acquiring information that has a function (= plays a role in a practice).
  •  12
    Constituent Functions Boris Hennig
    In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday, Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--259. 2013.
    Starting from the idea that functions are formally similar to actions in that they are described and explained in a similar way, so that both admit of an accordion effect, I turn to Anscombe’s insight that the point of practical reasoning is to render explicit the relation between the different descriptions of an action generated by the accordion effect. The upshot is, roughly, that an item has a function if what it does can be accounted for by functional reasoning. Put differently, a part of a …Read more
  •  6
    History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 14 (1): 185-202. 2011.
    The distinction between teleology and teleonomy that biologists sometimes refer to seems to be helpful in certain contexts, but it is used in several different ways and has rarely been clearly drawn. This paper discusses three prominent uses of the term “teleonomy” and traces its history back to what seems to be its first use. This use is examined in detail and then justified and refined on the basis of elements found in the philosophy of Aristotle, Kant, Anscombe and others. In the course of th…Read more
  •  5
    Stephan Schmid. Finalursachen in der frühen Neuzeit: Eine Untersuchung der Transformation teleologischer Erklärungen. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2011. Pp. xii+410. $165.00 (review)
    Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1): 179-182. 2013.
  •  4
    Meta Logou in Plato’s Theaetetus
    Apeiron 54 (1): 109-128. 2020.
    The account of knowledge in Plato’s Theaetetus, as true belief meta logou, seems to lead to a regress, which may be avoided by defining one kind of knowledge as true belief that rests on a different kind of knowledge. I explore a specific version of this move: to define knowledge as true belief that results from a successful and proper exercise of a rational capacity.
  •  3
    Avicenna on the Ontology of Pure Quiddity
    Philosophical Quarterly 71 (4). 2021.
    Avicenna on the Ontology of Pure Quiddity. By Janos Damien.
  •  1
    The classifications of living beings
    with Peter Heuer
    Smith and Munn 197--217. 2008.
    This chapter proceeds in five steps. First, we will describe and justify the structure of the traditional system of species classification. Second, we will discuss three formal principles governing the development of taxonomies in general. It will emerge that, in addition to these formal principles, a division of living beings must meet certain empirical constraints. In the third section, we will show that the traditional division of living beings into species best meets these constraints. Fourt…Read more
  • Zeitliche entitäten: Geschehnisse
    In Ludger Jansen (ed.), Biomedizinische Ontologie, Vdf Hochschulverlag. 2008.
  • Occurrents
    In Katherine Munn & Barry Smith (eds.), Applied Ontology. An Introduction, Ontos Verlag. 2008.
  • Virtues and intentions-Approach to learn a virtuous concept from Anscombe
    Philosophisches Jahrbuch 115 (1): 165-183. 2008.
    Intentions are not events that cause an action, but that in terms of which we describe and action when we describe it as intentionally. Likewise, virtues are not character traits that reliably cause certain behaviour, but that in terms of which we describe certain generic behaviour.
  • Der fortbestand Von lebewesen
    Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 32 (1): 81-91. 2007.
    In this essay I defend the claim that the life of a living being is not one of its properties but something different: a mode of being. It follows from this that living beings should not be taken to be things that possess the property of being alive. Second, I argue that living beings are essentially involved in ongoing activities as long as they exist. Life cannot only be a disposition to be active, but must itself be an ongoing activity. Third, I suggest that for something to be a living being…Read more
  • Disposition
    In Hans Jörg Sandkühler & Others (eds.), Enzyklopädie Philosophie, Meiner Verlag. 2010.
  • Review of Johannes Haag, erfahrung und gegenstand (review)
    Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger (3): 209-214. 2007.
    Die Frage, mit der sich Johannes Haag in Erfahrung und Gegenstand auseinandersetzt, lautet: „Auf welchem Grunde beruht die Beziehung desjenigen, was man in uns empirische Vorstellung, d. i. Erfahrung nennt, auf den Gegenstand überhaupt?“ ...
  • Johannes Haag: Erfahrung und Gegenstand (review)
    Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 60 (3). 2007.
  • What is formal ontology?
    In Katherine Munn & Barry Smith (eds.), Applied Ontology. An Introduction, Ontos Verlag. 2008.
  • Kants Modell kausaler Verhältnisse
    Kant-Studien. forthcoming.
    Eric Watkins argues that according to Kant, causation is not a relation between two events, but a relation between the “causality” of a substance and an event. It is shown that his arguments are partly based on a confusion between causation and interaction. Further, Watkins claims that for Kant, causes cannot be temporally determined. If this were true, it would follow that there can be no causal chains, and that all factors that determine the time when an effect occurs do not belong to its caus…Read more