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    Demystifying Collapse: Climate, environment, and social agency in pre-modern societies
    with B. L. Turner, Jason Nesbitt, Lee Mordechai, Guy Middleton, Francis Ludlow, Martin Medina-Elizalde, Warren Eastwood, Arlen F. Chase, and John Haldon
    Millennium 17 (1): 1-33. 2020.
    Collapse is a term that has attracted much attention in social science literature in recent years, but there remain substantial areas of disagreement about how it should be understood in historical contexts. More specifically, the use of the term collapse often merely serves to dramatize long-past events, to push human actors into the background, and to mystify the past intellectually. At the same time, since human societies are complex systems, the alternative involves grasping the challenges t…Read more