• Moral Fictionalism and Religious Fictionalism (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2024.
    Atheism is a familiar kind of skepticism about religion. Moral error theory is an analogous kind of skepticism about morality, though less well known outside academic circles. Both kinds of skeptic face a "what next?" question: If we have decided that the subject matter (religion/morality) is mistaken, then what should we do with this way of talking and thinking? The natural assumption is that we should abolish the mistaken topic, just as we previously eliminated talk of, say, bodily humors and …Read more
  • Definitions of Art: Narratives, History and Essentialism
    Dissertation, The Ohio State University. 2002.
    Can the meaning of an artwork change over time? ;A standard account suggests that an artwork's meaning remains constant over time. If anything has changed, we have. We have simply made new discoveries about what it meant all along. Our epistemic access to the work's meaning expands, but the work itself does not. ;Against the standard view, my dissertation advances a strong historicist account according to which the meaning of artworks is determined in part by its art-historical context. Strong h…Read more
  • Euthanasia and assisted suicide: Who are the vulnerable?
    Meta Rus and Chris Gastmans
    Clinical Ethics 19 (1): 18-25. 2024.
    One of the common domains in health care in which the concept of vulnerability is used is end-of-life care, including euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS). Since different uses and implications of the notion have been recognised in the literature on EAS, this paper aims to analyse them and reflect on who is the most vulnerable in the context of EAS. A prior exploratory review of the literature has served as a starting point for the discussion. We concluded that vulnerability is a complex, multi…Read more
  • Michael Clark has recently argued that the slippery slope argument against voluntary euthanasia is ‘entirely consequentialist’ and that its use to justify continued prohibition of voluntary euthanasia involves a failure to treat patients who request assistance in ending their lives as ends in themselves. This article agues that in fact the slippery slope is consistent with most forms of deontology, and that it need not involve any violation of the principle that people should be treated as ends…Read more
  • The slippery slope argument against the legalization of voluntary euthanasia
    W. H. Nielsen
    Journal of Social Philosophy 18 (1): 12-27. 1987.
    In all great moral issues the moralist must choose and choosing has a price.
  • Euthanasia Laws, Slippery Slopes, and (Un)reasonable Precaution
    Prolegomena: Časopis Za Filozofiju 18 (2): 121-147. 2019.
    The article examines the so-called slippery slope argument (SSA) against the legalization of active voluntary euthanasia (AVE). According to the SSA, by legalizing AVE, the least morally controversial type of euthanasia, we will take the first step onto a slippery slope and inevitably end up in the moral abyss of widespread abuse and violations of the rights of the weakest and most vulnerable patients. In the first part of the paper, empirical evidence to the contrary is presented and analyzed: …Read more
  • Is there a logical slippery slope from voluntary to nonvoluntary euthanasia?
    Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (4): 379-404. 2011.
    Slippery slope arguments have been important in the euthanasia debate for at least half a century. In 1957 the Cambridge legal scholar Glanville Williams wrote a controversial book, The Sanctity of Life and the Criminal Law, in which he presented the decriminalizing of euthanasia as a modern liberal proposal taking its rightful place alongside proposals to decriminalize contraception, sterilization, abortion, and attempted suicide (all of which the book also advocated).1 Opposition to these refo…Read more
  • The Covid-19 pandemic of 2020/21 has posed old ethical questions in a new and sharper form, as well as given rise to some new ethical issues. In this lecture, I look at the lessons we can learn from five of these issues: the allocation of scarce medical resources; experimenting on humans; setting priorities for vaccination; when lockdowns are justified; and preventing more pandemics.
  • Animal liberation now: the definitive classic renewed
    Harper, an imprint of HarperCollins Publishers. 2023.
    Singer returns to the major arguments and examples of his seminal 1975 work and brings us to the current moment. This edition, revised from top to bottom, covers important reforms in the European Union, and now in various U.S. states. On the flip side, Singer shows the impact of the expansion of factory farming due to demand for animal products in China. Singer describes how meat consumption is taking a toll on the environment, and factory farms pose a profound risk for spreading new viruses eve…Read more
  • Ending Life, Morality, and Meaning
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3): 559-574. 2013.
    Opponents of voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide often maintain that the procedures ought not to be accepted because ending an innocent human life would both be morally wrong in itself and have unfortunate consequences. A gravely suffering patient can grant that ending his life would involve such harm but still insist that he would have reason to continue living only if there were something to him in his abstaining from ending his life. Though relatively rarely, the notion of mea…Read more