•  6
    Kartezjańska epistemologia społeczna? Współczesna epistemologia społeczna a wczesna filozofia nowożytna Wielu współczesnych epistemologów społecznych uważa, że tocząc batalię z indywidualistycznym podejściem do wiedzy, walczy tym samym z podejściem do wiedzy opisanym przez Kartezjusza. Choć wypada się zgodzić, że Kartezjusz przedstawia indywidualistyczny obraz wiedzy naukowej, niemniej trzeba dodać, że wskazuje on na istotne praktyczne funkcje odnoszenia się do świadectw i przekonań innych osób.…Read more
  •  96
    Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature
    Mind 110 (438): 542-546. 2001.
  •  13
    Editors' Introduction for Volume 42
    Hume Studies 42 (1): 3-7. 2019.
    The new editorial team, Ann Levey, Karl Schafer and Amy Schmitter, are very pleased to present this special double-issue of Hume Studies. It contains a wide variety of articles on subjects old and new, as well as an assortment of book reviews, commissioned by the new book review editor, David Landy of San Francisco State University. We are grateful to the many people who have helped us get this volume and our tenure as editors underway, including the preceding editors-in-chief, Angela Coventry a…Read more
  •  3
    Descartes's Imagination: Proportion, Images, and the Activity of Thinking (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 50 (2): 424-425. 1996.
    1996 marks the 400th anniversary of Descartes' birth, and it seems only appropriate that it should bring a reevaluation of Descartes' thought and his place in the history of philosophy. Dennis Sepper's new book on the role of the imagination offers such a rethinking, proposing that--contrary to popular rumor--Descartes' entire corpus was centrally concerned with the proper uses of imagination, a concern initially informed by medieval doctrines of the internal senses and imagination. Sepper argue…Read more
  •  1
    Rightness and Reasons: Interpretation in Cultural Practices (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 50 (1): 165-166. 1996.
    In David Lodge's novel Changing Places, the protagonist Morris Zapp recalls his plan for a series of commentaries examining Jane Austen's novels under every possible rubric, from the historical to the structuralist, the mythical to the Marxist--all in order so to monopolize interpretation as to exhaust it altogether. I take it that Michael Krausz would find Zapp's ambition both unpalatable and impracticable, although he does not actually rule it out of court. Krausz's topic is interpretive ideal…Read more
  •  39
    The 17th century author François Poulain de la Barre was an important contributor to a pivotal moment in the history of feminist thought. Poulain borrows from many of Descartes’s doctrines, including his dualism, distrust of epistemic authority, accounts of imagination, and passion, and at least some aspects of his doxastic voluntarism; here I examine how he uses a Cartesian notion of prejudice for an anti-essentializing philosophy of women’s education and the formation of the tastes, talents an…Read more
  •  2
    Review: The Verificationist in Spite of Himself (review)
    History and Theory 42 (3): 412-423. 2003.
  •  8
    Descartes on Seeing: Epistemology and Visual Perception (review)
    Review of Metaphysics 49 (4): 951-953. 1996.
  • Obrazujac wladzę: przedstawienie i Las Meninas
    In Andrzej Witko (ed.), Tajemnica Las Meninas, Wydawnictwo Aa. pp. 303-330. 2006.
    Translation of "Picturing Power: Representation and Las Meninas" (2006).
  •  32
    Taxonomy and terminology might seem like dull topics. But the diverse ways that eighteenth-century philosophers identified and classified the emotions crucially shaped the approaches they took. This chapter traces the sources available to eighteenth-century British philosophers for naming and ordering the passions, lays out the main vocabulary and concepts used for description and analysis, including the notions of “reflection” and “sympathy,” and outlines the principles that organized explanati…Read more
  •  45
    Whatever may be its other sins, the history of philosophy cannot be faulted for the fleetingness of its memory: "modern" philosophy, after all, is supposed to begin with a figure born 400 years ago, René Descartes. Indeed, even the view that it began then can trace its ancestry back to Descartes. But it would be historically naïve simply to agree with Descartes's self-congratulatory myth of creating a new philosophy ex nihilo. His achievement was a tremendous one, rightfully seen as provoking a …Read more
  •  86
    This paper argues that Descartes conceives of theoretical reason in terms derived from practical reason, particularly in the role he gives to the passions. That the passions serve — under normal circumstances — to preserve the union of mind and body is a well-known feature of Descartes's defense of our native make-up. But they are equally important in our more purely theoretical endeavors. Some passions, most notably wonder, provide a crucial source of motivation in the search after truth, and a…Read more
  •  117
    Is Descartes the most misunderstood philosopher in the history of philosophy? To many of us in the business of Descartes scholarship, it certainly seems so. Time and time again, we find ourselves faced with pronouncements about one or another of Descartes's 'errors' — whether the shortcomings of the theater model of consciousness, or the pernicious after-effects of a foundationalism devoted to the transparency of the mental, or the shocking vilification of the body and emotions. Typically these …Read more
  •  5
    Review of Interpretation: Ways of Thinking about the Sciences and the Arts (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews. 2011.
  •  86
    Picturing power: Representation and las meninas
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (3): 255-268. 1996.
  • Mark Kulstad, Leibniz on Apperception, Consciousness, and Reflection (review)
    Philosophy in Review 13 107-109. 1993.
  •  28
    Mind and sign: Method and the interpretation of mathematics in Descartes's early work
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (3): 371-411. 2000.
    Method may be second only to substance-dualism as the best-known among Descartes's enthusiasms. But knowing that Descartes wants to promote good method is one thing; knowing what exactly he wants to promote is another. Two views seem fairly widespread. The first rests on the claim that Descartes endorses a purely procedural picture of reason, so that right reasoning is a matter of proprieties of operation, rather than respect for its objects. On this view, a method for regulating our reason woul…Read more
  • Descartes's Representation of the Self
    Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. 1993.
    While Descartes's status as a "representationalist" is often a subject of vehement debate, what exactly he means by "representation" is not. I look to Descartes's early work to show that he first conceives of representation through signification, in which the sign and the signified are isomorphic; on this view, relations of representation can be arbitrary and are to be distinguished from relations of resemblance. I then examine images to show the possibility of an image constructing a relation t…Read more
  •  58
    The verificationist in spite of himself
    History and Theory 42 (3). 2003.
    Review Essay of Keith Moxey, The Practice of Persuasion: Paradox and Power in Art History