• Utrecht University
    Department for Philosophy and Religious Studies
    Other faculty (Postdoc, Visiting, etc)
Utrecht University
Department for Philosophy and Religious Studies
PhD, 2009
  •  8
    Much of the time, human beings seem to rely on habits. Habits are learned behaviours directly elicited by context cues, and insensitive to short-term changes in goals: therefore they are sometimes irrational. But even where habitual responses are rational, it can seem as if they are nevertheless not done for reasons. For, on a common understanding of habitual behaviour, agents’ intentions do not play any role in the coming about of such responses. This paper discusses under what conditions we ca…Read more
  •  13
    Reductionism in retreat
    with Denny Borsboom and Angélique O. J. Cramer
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42. 2019.
  •  6
    Control over Our Beliefs? A Response to Peels
    with Katrien Schaubroeck
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (4): 618-624. 2018.
  •  8
    The Cognitive Underpinnings of Option Generation in Everyday Life Decision‐Making: A Latent Variable Analysis
    with Johannes Leder, Jan A. Häusser, Stefan Krumm, Markus Germar, Alexander Schlemmer, Stefan Kaiser, and Andreas Mojzisch
    Cognitive Science 42 (8): 2562-2591. 2018.
  •  6
    Narrative Truth and Cases of Delusion
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4): 87-89. 2012.
  •  6
    'Early Stage' Instrumental Irrationality: Lessons from Apathy
    with Stefan Kaiser
    Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (1): 1-12. 2018.
    As we all know, people often do not do what would be the rational thing to do. Both psychologists and philosophers have long been interested in explaining this aspect of the human condition. Also, the relation between everyday irrationality and pathological breakdowns of rationality is a familiar topic of discussion in psychiatry. It is not merely the failures themselves that present interesting questions; there is also the hope that, by understanding when and why we violate rational norms, we m…Read more
  •  33
    Brain disorders? Not really: Why network structures block reductionism in psychopathology research
    with Denny Borsboom and Angélique O. J. Cramer
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42 1-54. 2019.
  •  1
    This paper responds to Daniel Dennett’s 2012 Praemium Erasmianum Essay Erasmus: Sometimes a Spin Doctor is Right in which he makes a distinction between manipulation and non-manipulative influence. Dennett argues that influence on an individual’s decision-making process is not manipulative so long as that individual’s rationality is involved. In this work we show that Dennett’s account of this distinction is, at best, incomplete. He fails to consider the many factors that implicitly weigh on a p…Read more
  •  47
    Self‐Control as a Normative Capacity
    Ratio 31 (S1): 65-80. 2018.
    Recently, two apparent truisms about self-control have been questioned in both the philosophical and the psychological literature: the idea that exercising self-control involves an agent doing something, and the idea that self-control is a good thing. Both assumptions have come under threat because self-control is increasingly understood as a mental mechanism, and mechanisms cannot possibly be good or active in the required sense. However, I will argue that it is not evident that self-control sh…Read more
  •  46
    This book explores classic philosophical questions regarding the phenomenon of weakness of will or ‘akrasia’: doing A, even though all things considered, you judge it best to do B. Does this phenomenon really exist and if so, how should it be explained? Nacht van Descartes The author provides a historical overview of some traditional answers to these questions and addresses the main question: how does the phenomenon of 'going against your own judgment' relate to the idea that we are rational bei…Read more
  •  46
    Tailor-made pharmacotherapy: Future developments and ethical challenges in the field of pharmacogenomics
    with Johannes Van Delden, Ineke Bolt, Jeroen Derijks, and Hubert Leufkens
    Bioethics 18 (4). 2004.
    In this article ethical issues are discussed which play a role in pharmacogenetics. Developments in pharmacogenetics have a large impact on many different practices such as clinical trials, the practice of medicine and society at large. In clinical trials, questions rise regarding the exclusion of genetic subgroups that may be non- or poor-responders to the experimental drug. Also, the question is asked how pharmaceutical companies should deal with their growing knowledge about the relations bet…Read more
  •  15
    Hoe zaagt men van dik hout planken? Een essay over publieksfilosofie
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 108 (2): 225-238. 2016.
  •  12
    Mentale toestanden in de psychologie
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 106 (3): 197-206. 2014.
  •  41
    Improving moral judgments: Philosophical considerations
    Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 30 (2): 94-108. 2010.
    In contemporary moral psychology, an often-heard claim is that knowing how we make moral judgments can help us make better moral judgments. Discussions about moral development and improvement are often framed in terms of the question of which mental processes have a better chance of leading to good moral judgments. However, few studies elaborate on the question of what makes a moral judgment a good moral judgment. This article examines what is needed to answer questions of moral improvement and …Read more
  •  40
    Weakness of will, akrasia and the neuropsychiatry of decision-making: an interdisciplinary perspective
    with Andreas Mojzisch, Sophie Schweizer, and Stefan Kaiser
    Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 8 (4): 402-17. 2008.
    This article focuses on both daily forms of weakness of will as discussed in the philosophical debate and psychopathological phenomena as impairments of decision making. We argue that both descriptions of dysfunctional decision making can be organized within a common theoretical framework that divides the decision making process in three different stages: option generation, option selection, and action initiation. We first discuss our theoretical framework, focusing on option generation as an as…Read more
  •  13
    Ideals regarding a good life for nursing home residents with dementia: views of professional caregivers
    with Maartje H. N. Schermer and Johannes J. M. van Delden
    Nursing Ethics 12 (1): 30-42. 2005.
    This study investigates what professional caregivers working in nursing homes consider to be a good life for residents suffering from dementia. Ten caregivers were interviewed; special attention was paid to the way in which they deal with conflicting values. Transcripts of the interviews were analysed qualitatively according to the method of grounded theory. The results were compared with those from a similar, earlier study on ideals found in mission statements of nursing homes. The concepts tha…Read more
  •  154
    Why option generation matters for the design of autonomous e-coaching systems
    with Bart Kamphorst
    AI and Society 30 (1): 77-88. 2015.
    Autonomous e-coaching systems offer their users suggestions for action, thereby affecting the user's decision-making process. More specifically, the suggestions that these systems make influence the options for action that people actually consider. Surprisingly though, options and the corresponding process of option generation --- a decision-making stage preceding intention formation and action selection --- has received very little attention in the various disciplines studying decision making. …Read more
  •  12
    Niet alleen voor de geest: perspectieven voor de geesteswetenschappen - Verslag van een workshop gehouden te Utrecht, van 12-14 april 2012 (review)
    with Marcus Düwell and Katrien Schaubroeck
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 105 (1): 55-58. 2013.