•  157
    Mandating Vaccination
    In Meredith Celene Schwartz (ed.), The Ethics of Pandemics, . pp. 131-134. 2020.
    A short piece exploring some arguments for mandating vaccination for Covid-19.
  •  60
    Sidgwick claimed Kant as one of his moral philosophical masters. This did not prevent Sidgwick from registering pointed criticisms of most of Kant’s main claims in ethics. This paper explores the practical ethics of Sidgwick and Kant. In § I, I outline the element of Kant’s theoretical ethics that Sidgwick endorsed. In §§ II and III, I outline and adjudicate some of their sharpest disagreements in practical ethics, on the permissibility of lying and on the demands of beneficence. In § IV, I argu…Read more
  •  162
    Achievement and Enhancement
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (3): 322-338. 2020.
    We engage with the nature and the value of achievement through a critical examination of an argument according to which biomedical “enhancement” of our capacities is impermissible because enhancing ourselves in this way would threaten our achievements. We call this the argument against enhancement from achievement. We assess three versions of it, each admitting to a strong or a weak reading. We argue that strong readings fail, and that weak readings, while in some cases successful in showing tha…Read more
  •  132
    Bioethics in Canada, second edition
    Oxford University Press. 2019.
    This is the second edition of the textbook Bioethics in Canada. It is the most up to date bioethics textbook on the Canadian market. Twenty-nine of its 54 contributions are by Canadians. All the chapters carried over from the first edition are revised in full (especially the chapters on obligations to the global poor, on medical assistance in dying, and on public health). It comprises *new* chapters on emerging genetic technologies and on indigenous peoples' health. It contains *new* case studi…Read more
  •  126
    Henry Sidgwick taught G.E. Moore as an undergraduate at the University of Cambridge. Moore found Sidgwick’s personality less than attractive and his lectures “rather dull”. Still, philosophically speaking, Moore absorbed a great deal from Sidgwick. In the Preface to the Trinity College Prize Fellowship dissertation that he submitted in 1898, just two years after graduation, he wrote “For my ethical views it will be obvious how much I owe to Prof. Sidgwick.” Later, in Principia Ethica, Moore …Read more
  •  175
    Review of Robert Myers, Self-Governance and Cooperation (review)
    Utilitas 14 (1): 128-130. 2002.
    A critical review of Robert Myers Self-Governance and Cooperation
  •  181
    Review of Glenn McGee (Ed.), Pragmatic Bioethics (review)
    Philosophy in Review 20 (5): 365-367. 2000.
    Critical review of Glenn McGee, ed., Pragmatic Bioethics.
  •  53
    Review of Dale Jamieson (Ed.), Singer and his Critics (review)
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (4). 2001.
    This is a review of Singer and His Critics edited by Dale Jamieson. It argues that the volume is important. The essay by Colin McGinn is heavily criticized.
  •  210
    Review of Bart Schultz, Henry Sidgwick, Eye of the Universe: An Intellectual Biography (review)
    Philosophy in Review 25 (3): 231-234. 2005.
    A critical review of Bart Schultz, Henry Sidgwick, Eye of the Universe
  •  189
    Children and Wellbeing
    In Anca Gheaus, Gideon Calder & Jurgen De Wispelaere (eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children, Routledge. pp. 90-100. 2018.
    Children are routinely treated paternalistically. There are good reasons for this. Children are quite vulnerable. They are ill-equipped to meet their most basic needs, due, in part, to deficiencies in practical and theoretical reasoning and in executing their wishes. Children’s motivations and perceptions are often not congruent with their best interests. Consequently, raising children involves facilitating their best interests synchronically and diachronically. In practice, this requires caregi…Read more
  •  134
    Symposium on David Phillips's Sidgwickian Ethics: Introduction
    Revue d'Etudes Benthamiennes 12. 2013.
    This is a brief introduction to a symposium on David Phillips's Sidgwickian Ethics.
  •  60
    William David Ross
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2010/2012.
    Presents and argues for a novel interpretation of Ross's distinctive contribution to moral theory and meta-ethics.
  •  4519
    Ideal utilitarianism states that the only fundamental requirement of morality is to promote a plurality of intrinsic goods. This paper critically evaluates Hastings Rashdall’s arguments for ideal utilitarianism, while comparing them with G. E. Moore’s arguments. Section I outlines Rashdall’s ethical outlook. Section II considers two different arguments that he provides for its theory of rightness. Section III discusses his defence of a pluralist theory of value. Section IV argues that Rashdall m…Read more
  •  302
    On Henry Sidgwick’s “My Station and Its Duties”
    Ethics 125 (1): 586-591. 2014.
    This is a retrospective essay on Henry Sidgwick's "My Station and Its Duties" written to mark the 125th anniversary of Ethics. It engages with Sidgwick's remarks on the kind of ethical expertise that the moral philosopher possesses and on his approach to practical ethics generally.
  •  72
    Review of Peter Singer, The Life You Can Save (review)
    The Globe and Mail. 2009.
    This is a review of Peter Singer The Life You Can Save. The author argues that the book is excellent and sees Singer at his best
  •  443
    David Phillips’s Sidgwickian Ethics is a penetrating contribution to the scholarly and philosophical understanding of Henry Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics. This note focuses on Phillips’s understanding of (aspects of) Sidgwick’s argument for utilitarianism and the moral epistemology to which he subscribes. In § I, I briefly outline the basic features of the argument that Sidgwick provides for utilitarianism, noting some disagreements with Phillips along the way. In § II, I raise some objection…Read more
  •  786
    E. F. Carritt (1876-1964)
    In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, Wiley-blackwell. 2016.
    E. F. Carritt (1876-1964) was educated at and taught in Oxford University. He made substantial contributions both to aesthetics and to moral philosophy. The focus of this entry is his work in moral philosophy. His most notable works in this field are The Theory of Morals (1928) and Ethical and Political Thinking (1947). Carritt developed views in metaethics and in normative ethics. In meta-ethics he defends a cognitivist, non-naturalist moral realism and was among the first to respond to A. J. A…Read more
  •  93
    Schultz's Sidgwick
    Utilitas 19 (1): 91-103. 2007.
    Bart Schultz’s Henry Sidgwick: Eye of the Universe is a welcome addition to the growing literature on Sidgwick. In this article, I direct my attention for the most part to one aspect of what Schultz says about Sidgwick’s masterpiece, The Methods of Ethics, as well as to what he does not say about Sidgwick’s illuminating but neglected work Practical Ethics. This article is divided into three sections. In the first, I argue that there is a problem with Schultz’s endorsement of the view that Sidgwi…Read more
  •  400
    Henry Sidgwick, 1838-1900
    In J. Mander & A. P. F. Sell (eds.), The Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century British Philosophers, Thoemmes Press. 2002.
    Dictionary entry written on Henry Sidgwick, which surveys the main features of his moral framework.
  •  1259
    The Ethical Principles of Effective Altruism
    Journal of Global Ethics 12 (2): 137-146. 2016.
    This paper is an examination of the ethical principles of effective altruism as they are articulated by Peter Singer in his book The Most Good You Can Do. It discusses the nature and the plausibility of the principles that he thinks both guide and ought to guide effective altruists. It argues in § II pace Singer that it is unclear that in charitable giving one ought always to aim to produce the most surplus benefit possible and in § III that there is a more attractive set of principles than the …Read more
  •  1238
    Griffin, James (1933-)
    In James Crimmins (ed.), Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism, Bloomsbury. pp. 186-188. 2013.
    Dictionary entry discussing the main moral and meta-ethical doctrines found in the works of James Griffin.
  •  219
    Introduction to the Symposium on The Most Good You Can Do
    Journal of Global Ethics 12 (2): 127-131. 2016.
    This is the introduction to the Journal of Global Ethics symposium on Peter Singer's The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. It summarizes the main features of effective altruism in the context of Singer's work on the moral demands of global poverty and some recent criticisms of effective altruism. The symposium contains contributions by Anthony Skelton, Violetta Igneski, Tracy Isaacs and Peter Singer.
  •  29
    Review of Bart Schultz and Georgios Varouxakis (Eds.) Utilitarianism and Empire (review)
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (7). 2006.
    This is a review of Utilitarianism and Empire edited by Schultz and Varouxakis. It expresses admiration for the volume, especially the essays by Pitts and Rosen.
  •  101
    Sidgwick's Philosophical Intuitions
    Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics 10 (2): 185-209. 2008.
    Sidgwick famously claimed that an argument in favour of utilitarianism might be provided by demonstrating that a set of defensible philosophical intuitions undergird it. This paper focuses on those philosophical intuitions. It aims to show which specific intuitions Sidgwick endorsed, and to shed light on their mutual connections. It argues against many rival interpretations that Sidgwick maintained that six philosophical intuitions constitute the self-evident grounds for utilitarianism, and that…Read more
  •  250
    Review of David Phillips, Sidgwickian Ethics (review)
    Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (6): 794-797. 2015.
    This is a critical review of David Phillips's Sidgwickian Ethics. The book deserves high praise.
  •  863
    Henry Sidgwick's Moral Epistemology
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4): 491-519. 2010.
    In this essay I defend the view that Henry Sidgwick’s moral epistemology is a form of intuitionist foundationalism that grants common-sense morality no evidentiary role. In §1, I outline both the problematic of The Methods of Ethics and the main elements of its argument for utilitarianism. In §§2-4 I provide my interpretation of Sidgwick’s moral epistemology. In §§ 5-8 I refute rival interpretations, including the Rawlsian view that Sidgwick endorses some version of reflective equilibrium and th…Read more