• A dark history of modern philosophy
    Indiana University Press. 2017.
    This provocative reassessment of modern philosophy explores its nonrational dimensions and connection to ancient mysteries. Delving beneath the principal discourses of philosophyfrom Descartes through Kant, Bernard Freydberg plumbs the previously concealed dark forces that ignite the inner power of modern thought. He contends that reason itself issues from an implicit and unconscious suppression of the nonrational. Even the modern philosophical concerns of nature and limits are undergirded by a …Read more
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    The Socratic Method, Once and for All
    Comparative and Continental Philosophy 12 (3): 240-244. 2020.
    ABSTRACT The “Socratic method” seems to be well understood in general to mean some sort of “question and answer” procedure as distinguished from “lecturing.” Law schools are familiar sites for its so-called practice, and the Platonic dialogues are believed to provide models of it. However, Socrates himself never speaks of having a method except in one place in the Phaedo – where it has nothing to do with “question and answer.” The Greeks had a clear word for method, “methodos,” and Socrates appl…Read more
  •  18
    The vastly underrated Plutus receives at least some of its due in this paper. At its beginning, I attempt to locate Plutus within both the Hegelian discourse on comedy and within Hume's poetical and philosophical fictions. Employing the same method of close textual analysis that I employed in Philosophy and Comedy: Aristophanes, Logos, and Eros, I focus upon the thoroughgoing materialism of the poor farmer Chremylus who laments the unjust distribution of wealth, and who seeks to restore the god'…Read more
  •  7
    Kant and the irrational
    History of European Ideas 20 (4-6): 945-949. 1995.
  •  12
    Kant's transcendental psychology
    History of European Ideas 22 (2): 151-152. 1996.
  •  11
    The Cambridge Companion to Kant (review)
    History of European Ideas 21 (1): 75-80. 1995.
    The fundamental task of philosophy since the seventeenth century has been to determine whether the essential principles of both knowledge and action can be discovered by human beings unaided by an external agency. No one philosopher contributed more to this enterprise than Kant, whose Critique of Pure Reason (1781) shook the very foundations of the intellectual world. Kant argued that the basic principles of the natural science are imposed on reality by human sensibility and understanding, and t…Read more
  •  28
    Hegers Crypto-Kantian View of the French Revolution
    Social Philosophy Today 3 139-155. 1990.
  •  25
    Phenomenology and the Riddle of geometry
    Research in Phenomenology 15 (1): 165-176. 1985.
  •  92
    On hölderlin's "andenken": Heidegger, Gadamer and henrich—a decision?
    Research in Phenomenology 34 (1): 181-197. 2004.
    Often, respectable scholars attack the soundness of Heidegger's "violent" interpretations of Hölderlin (and others). In this case, Dieter Henrich offers a particularly harsh assessment of Heidegger's interpretation of " Andenken." Hans-Georg Gadamer, student of Heidegger and teacher of Henrich, attempts to bring harmony where none seems possible. A study of the three interpretations indicates that scholarship alone is sufficient to reach a decision on the strength of the interpretations.
  •  32
    Logocentric Logos in Plato’s Timaeus
    Philosophy Today 48 (1): 27-34. 2004.
  •  74
    What becomes of science in "the future of phenomenology"?
    Research in Phenomenology 32 (1): 219-229. 2002.
    A recent issue of Research in Phenomenology contains a section on "The Future of Phenomenology," but none of the articles contained therein deals with a future engagement of phenomenology with science, especially mathematical natural science. In this paper, I discuss this engagement that was once so central to phenomenology and suggest lines along which its revival can fruitfully occur. Toward this end, I trace the contours of the Heisenberg-Heidegger exchange and show how recent readings of the…Read more
  •  45
    Sallis, Brann, and the problem of imagination
    Research in Phenomenology 29 (1): 106-118. 1999.
  •  34
    Nietzsche on the Socratic morality as decadence
    with Allen W. Larsen
    The European Legacy 2 (2): 320-325. 1997.
  •  19
    In a letter written to Gadamer after receiving a copy of Truth and Method, Leo Strauss offered many criticisms with which Gadamer took issue. However, he acknowledged the important hint cited in the title. Perhaps strangely, Gadamer never took up this hint and showed very little interest in comedy throughout his Gesammelte Schriften. In this essay, I show that there are ample resources within Gadamerian hermeneutics to answer Strauss positively, also for a rich philosophy of comedy along Gadamer…Read more
  •  2
    Play resides at the heart of the Platonic dialogues, shaping their insights as well as informing their style. "The Play of the Platonic Dialogues" traces the prominent role of play, both as a general philosophical characteristic and as influencing the treatment of key issues. The nature of the forms, of the city, of virtue, of the soul and its immortality - these and others have been shaped by play. This book shows how Platonic playfulness is joined with the deepest seriousness throughout the di…Read more
  •  22
    Reveals comedy's contributions to the philosophical enterprise
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    Heidegger's heraclitean comedy
    Research in Phenomenology 37 (2): 254-268. 2007.
    "Heidegger" and "comedy" are words that one seldom finds conjoined. However, in his 1943 Summer Freiburg lecture course entitled " Der Anfang des abendländischen Denkens. Heraklit ," the word " komisch " occurs significantly, it is regarded as superior to " das Tragische ," and thus can open up a new vista onto Heideggerian thought. In this paper, I discuss Heidegger's interpretive translation of Heraclitus' Fragment 123: Φυσιζ κρυπτ∊σθαι φιλ∊ι. I attempt to show how Heidegger distinguishes his …Read more
  •  6
    Book reviews (review)
    with Douglas Moggach, Louis J. Hammann, Nancy Vine Durling, Gabriel Albiac, André Mineau, Gilbert Larochelle, Henrietta Leyser, Dorothy Koenigsberger, John Collier, Gerhard Richter, Hartmut Rosenau, Margaret A. Maiumdar, Fredric S. Zuckerman, Fred S. Michael, Emily Michael, Ian Duncan, John E. Weakland, Deborah L. Madsen, David Stevenson, José Luis Nella Hernandez, David Garrioch, Howard G. Schneiderman, Terrell Carver, Tjitske Akkerman, K. Steven Vincent, Thomas M. Banchich, Richard Bosworth, Joyce S. Pedersen, Dieter A. Binder, Frederick Wasser, Bernard Zelechow, Hrvoje Lorkovic, Krishan Kumar, Kate Ince, Laurie M. Johnson Bagby, James R. Watson, Vitezslav Vellmský, William R. Everdell, Reinhard Heinisch, Hermine W. Williams, Tracy B. Strong, Nicholas Mirzoeff, Keith Bradley, Tracey Rowland, David W. Lovell, and A. S. Gratwick
    The European Legacy 1 (6): 1969-2032. 1996.
  •  43
    _Explores Schelling’s Essay on Human Freedom, focusing on the themes of freedom, evil, and love, and the relationship between his ideas and those of Plato and Kant._