• Comprehensive Harmony: Thome Fang’s Philosophy
    with Chenyang Li, Fan He, and Lili Zhang and Chenyang Li
    Global Scholars Publications. 2018.
    A stuyd of the philosophy of the Chinese philosopher Thome Fang 方东美。
  • A compative stuy of Chinese philosophy.
  •  3
    Xunzi on The Origin of Goodness: A New Interpretation
    Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (5): 46-63. 2011.
    This essay explores a seeming mystery in the philosophy of Xunzi (荀子310-238 BCE), namely how goodness could have emerged in a world of people with only a bad human nature. I will examine existing interpretations and present a new reading of Xunzi. My purpose is to reconstruct a coherent view in Xunzi‟s philosophy as presented in the book of the Xunzi rather than defend the truth of his claims regarding human history.
  •  6
    Harmony in Chinese Thought: A Philosophical Introduction (edited book)
    with Sai Hang Kwok and Dascha Düring
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 2021.
    He (和), or harmony, has traditionally been a central concept in Chinese thought, and to this day continues to shape the way in which people in China and East Asia think about ethics and politics. Yet, there is no systematic and comprehensive introduction of harmony as has been variously articulated in different Chinese schools. This edited volume aims to fill this gap. The individual contributions elaborate the conceptions of harmony as these were exemplified in central Chinese schools of though…Read more
  •  3
    Moral Cultivation and Confucian Character: Engaging Joel J. Kupperman (edited book)
    with Peimin Ni
    State University of New York Press. 2014.
    In this volume, leading scholars in Asian and comparative philosophy take the work of Joel J. Kupperman as a point of departure to consider new perspectives on Confucian ethics. Kupperman is one of the few eminent Western philosophers to have integrated Asian philosophical traditions into his thought, developing a character-based ethics synthesizing Western, Chinese, and Indian philosophies. With their focus on Confucian ethics, contributors respond, expand, and engage in critical dialogue with …Read more
  •  95
    Beyond Liberal Democracy: A Debate on Democracy and Confucian Meritocracy
    with Fred Dallmayr, Sor-Hoon Tan, and Daniel A. Bell
    Philosophy East and West 59 (4): 523-523. 2009.
  •  1
    Chinese Metaphysics and its Problems (edited book)
    Cambridge University Press. 2015.
    This volume of new essays is the first English-language anthology devoted to Chinese metaphysics. The essays explore the key themes of Chinese philosophy, from pre-Qin to modern times, starting with important concepts such as yin-yang and qi and taking the reader through the major periods in Chinese thought - from the Classical period, through Chinese Buddhism and Neo-Confucianism, into the twentieth-century philosophy of Xiong Shili. They explore the major traditions within Chinese philosophy, …Read more
  •  1
    Bring Back Harmony in Philosophical Discourse: a Confucian Perspective
    Journal of Dharma Studies 2 (2): 163-173. 2020.
    As both Chinese philosophy and Indian philosophy have been largely marginalized on the world stage of philosophy in contemporary times, there is a pressing need to bring these voices into the discourse of world philosophy. This essay explores the value of taking into account the Confucian idea of harmony for postcolonial solitary and for a more equitable polycentric global academy. I explicate the concept and the value of harmony as exemplified in Confucian philosophy. I examine reasons of the d…Read more
  •  10
    When asked why we are friends with someone, we often point to her good virtues as reasons. If these are the reasons, we have equal reasons to be friends with anyone with such virtues, and we can even replace current friends with anyone with the same or better virtues without substantive loss in friendship. However, it does not seem right that a particular friend is replaceable by just any other person with the same or better virtues. This is the fungibility problem of friendship. This essay outl…Read more
  •  13
    Missing Links in The China Model
    Philosophy East and West 69 (2): 568-576. 2019.
    Daniel A. Bell's recent book The China Model: Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy makes a significant contribution to political theory, political philosophy, and China studies. The book has already drawn a variety of responses, some of which I believe are due to utter misreadings and misunderstandings. It is therefore important for us to spell out explicitly what kind of work we are dealing with here before we dive into other substantive issues. We should not take this book as an a…Read more
  • Harmony as Virtue (tentative title) (edited book)
    with Dascha Düring
    Oxford University Press. forthcoming.
  •  20
    At the twenty-second World Congress of Philosophy held in Seoul, Korea, from July 29 to August 5, 2008, a panel was convened to debate the ideas for a "democracy with Confucian characteristics'' in Daniel A. Bell's Beyond Liberal Democracy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006). While all participants welcome the attempt to remedy the shortcomings of liberal democracy with Confucian teachings, Fred Dallmayr worries that Bell's political thinking for an East Asian context may "point beyond…Read more
  •  15
    Interpreting Confucius: The Aesthetic Turn and Its Challenges
    Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 17 (2): 247-255. 2018.
  •  1
    Remembering Jiyuan Yu
    Philosophy East and West 67 (4): 955-956. 2017.
    Jiyuan Yu 余纪元, professor of philosophy in the Department of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo, and Executive Director of the International Society for Chinese Philosophy since 2012, passed away on November 3, 2016, after a two-year battle with cancer. His passing is a major loss to many, especially to the international community of Chinese and comparative philosophy.Born in China, Jiyuan was among the first batches of students entering universities after the Cultural Revo…Read more
  •  1
    The East Asian Challenge for Democracy: Political Meritocracy in Comparative Perspective (edited book)
    with Daniel Bell
    Cambridge University Press. 2013.
  •  7
    In Defense of a Conception of Confucian Harmony
    Philosophy East and West 67 (1): 256-266. 2017.
    It is a great honor to have colleagues engaging in a meaningful discussion of my book. I appreciate my critics’ thoughtful and constructive criticisms as well as exceedingly generous praises. Due to space limitations, I will confine my response to some key issues raised here. I will begin with Yao Xinzhong’s criticism of my claim and argument on the centrality of harmony in Confucian philosophy. Yao reads my view as being that harmony is the central concept or ideal in Confucian philosophy, whic…Read more
  •  7
    Education as a Human Right: A Confucian Perspective
    Philosophy East and West 67 (1): 37-46. 2017.
    Joseph Chan’s Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times is a milestone in the contemporary study of Confucian political philosophy. In this remarkable work, Chan presents his version of Confucian perfectionism, aiming to balance liberalism and Confucianism as a solution to reconstructing a political philosophy in response to contemporary challenges. I am sympathetic to much of what Chan has to say in the book. I agree that, rather than merely being an ethical theory, Confu…Read more
  •  39
    The Fallacy of the Slippery Slope Argument on Abortion
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (2): 233-237. 1992.
    ABSTRACT This paper attempts to show that the acorn–oak tree argument against the slippery slope on the personhood of the fetus is valid and William Cooney's attack on this argument fails. I also argue that the slippery slope argument leads to on undesirable conclusion and should not be used as a valid tool in the debate on the personhood of the fetus
  •  56
    Confucian moral cultivation, longevity, and public policy
    Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1): 25-36. 2010.
    By investigating the link between the Confucian ideal of longevity and moral cultivation, I argue that Confucian moral cultivation is founded on the ideal of harmony, and, in this connection, it promotes a holistic, healthy life, of which longevity is an important component. My argument is internal to Confucianism, in the sense that it aims to show these concepts are coherently constructed within the Confucian philosophical framework; I do not go beyond the Confucian framework to prove its valid…Read more
  •  43
    Mind-body identity revised
    Philosophia 24 (1-2): 105-114. 1994.
    The materialist thesis that there is a type-type identity between certain mental phenomena and certain physical phenomena has encountered serious criticisms. This paper is to propose a revised form of mind-body identity theory which moves forward from the token identity theory and can stand the major criticism made against the type-type identity theory. In the first part of the paper, through a very brief review of the issue I show what needs to be done; in the second part, I show how my solutio…Read more
  •  77
    SCIENTISTS HAVE DISCOVERED that water is H2O. Water is H2O is true. But is it a necessary truth? In other words, is it true in all possible worlds? Some people think it is. For example Hilary Putnam, in his well-known Twin Earth argument, concludes that "water is H2O" is necessarily true; thus a liquid which phenomenally resembles H2O and fits the description of water in almost all aspects, but has the chemical formula XYZ, cannot be water. Saul Kripke has made a similar claim about the necessar…Read more
  •  1
    Toward a Contextual Approach to the Question of Being
    Dissertation, The University of Connecticut. 1992.
    The traditional ontology is a substance-ontology. It is the ontology that an object is primarily a substance, which has a definite being and properties. A lot of philosophical problems are tied to this ontology. I deconstruct the ontology of substance and propose a being-ontology. It is a way to see the world, instead of as a totality of substances, as a totality of ways of being. It has two theses. First, an object is not viewed as a substance which has properties, but as an entity that has var…Read more
  •  38
    International Human Rights Discourse as Moral Persuasion
    The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3 79-83. 2007.
    I argue that the nature of the international human rights discourse ("IHRD") is to promote certain moral values across various cultural traditions; as such, this should be done through persuasion; it should not merely be forcing people to change their behavior; it should seek to have people accept certain moral values that they have not embraced or accept certain moral values as more important than they have held them to be. With persuasion as a goal, we need to make strategies suitable for this…Read more
  •  301
    At two fronts I defend my 1994 article. I argue that differences between Confucian jen ethics and feminist care ethics do not preclude their shared commonalities in comparison with Kantian, utilitarian, and contractarian ethics, and that Confucians do care. I also argue that Confucianism is capable of changing its rules to reflect its renewed understanding of jen, that care ethics is feminist, and that similarities between Confucian and care ethics have significant implications
  •  1
    Governance for Harmony in Asia and Beyond (edited book)
    with Julia Tao, Anthony B. L. Cheung, and Martin Painter
    Routledge. 2015.
    Harmony has become a major challenge for modern governance in the twenty-first century because of the multi-religious, multi-racial and multi-ethnic character of our increasingly globalized societies. Governments all over the world are facing growing pressure to integrate the many diverse elements and subcultures which make up modern pluralistic societies. This book examines the idea of harmony, and its place in politics and governance, both in theory and practice, in Asia, the West and elsewher…Read more
  •  29
    Xunzi on the origin of goodness: A new interpretation
    Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (s1): 46-63. 2011.
    This essay explores a seeming mystery in the philosophy of Xunzi (荀子310-238 BCE), namely how goodness could have emerged in a world of people with only a bad human nature. I will examine existing interpretations and present a new reading of Xunzi. My purpose is to reconstruct a coherent view in Xunzi‟s philosophy as presented in the book of the Xunzi rather than defend the truth of his claims regarding human history.