•  1579
    Immanence and Causation in Spinoza
    In Andre Santos Campos (ed.), Spinoza: Basic Concepts, . pp. 14-24. 2015.
    I defend an expanded reading of immanent causation that includes both inherence and causal efficacy; I argue that the latter is required if God is to remain the immanent cause of finite modes.
  •  74
    The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (3). 2008.
    (2008). The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 489-509. doi: 10.1080/09608780802200489
  •  43
    Spinoza's Formal Mechanism
    Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (S1): 151-181. 2018.
  •  23
    The Substantial Essence in Spinoza's Ontological Argument
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (4): 705-726. 2020.
    descartes appears to intentionally distance his a priori argument for God from the conceptual orientation of earlier arguments by insisting that God's true and immutable nature is something that is real whether he conceives it or not. I find within me countless ideas of things which even though they may not exist anywhere outside me still cannot be called nothing; for although in a sense they can be thought of at will, they are not my invention but have their own true and immutable natures.1 Des…Read more
  •  327
    Consciousness in Spinoza’s Philosophy of Mind
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (2): 269-287. 2007.
    Spinoza’s philosophy of mind is thought to lack a serious account of consciousness. In this essay I argue that Spinoza’s doctrine of ideas of ideas has been wrongly construed, and that once righted it provides the foundation for an account. I then draw out the finer details of Spinoza’s account of consciousness, doing my best to defend its plausibility along the way. My view is in response to a proposal byEdwin Curley and the serious objection leveled against it by Margaret Wilson and Jonathan B…Read more
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