•  18
    The Substantial Essence in Spinoza's Ontological Argument
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (4): 705-726. 2020.
    descartes appears to intentionally distance his a priori argument for God from the conceptual orientation of earlier arguments by insisting that God's true and immutable nature is something that is real whether he conceives it or not. I find within me countless ideas of things which even though they may not exist anywhere outside me still cannot be called nothing; for although in a sense they can be thought of at will, they are not my invention but have their own true and immutable natures.1 Des…Read more
  •  18
    Matching Well-Being to Merit: The Example of Punishment
    with Jeremy Watkins, Basil Smith, Renate Pilapil, and Hanno Sauer
    Ethical Perspectives 18 (1): 5-27. 2011.
    In this paper, I explore our common-sense thinking about the relation between moral value, moral merit, and well-being. Starting from Ross’s observation that welfarist axiologies ignore our intuitions about desert, I focus on axiologies that take moral merit and well-being to be independent determinants of value. I distinguish three ways in which these axiologies can be formulated, and I then consider their application to the issue of punishment. The objection that they recommend penalties in ci…Read more
  •  19
    The Problem of Universals in Early Modern Philosophy ed. by Stefano Di Bella and Tad M. Schmaltz
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (4): 754-755. 2018.
    Di Bella and Schmaltz write in their introduction that the early modern problem of universals originates largely in a turn away from ancient and late-medieval problems. The modern problem, they suggest, investigates universals by asking what it means to include them as contents of our thoughts. The collection of essays that follows demonstrates persuasively, however, that we should resist the impulse, no matter how heuristic, to regard each era as having its own—much less a single—problem of uni…Read more
  •  201
    Consciousness in Spinoza’s Philosophy of Mind
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (2): 269-287. 2007.
    Spinoza’s philosophy of mind is thought to lack a serious account of consciousness. In this essay I argue that Spinoza’s doctrine of ideas of ideas has been wrongly construed, and that once righted it provides the foundation for an account. I then draw out the finer details of Spinoza’s account of consciousness, doing my best to defend its plausibility along the way. My view is in response to a proposal byEdwin Curley and the serious objection leveled against it by Margaret Wilson and Jonathan B…Read more
  •  745
    Immanence and Causation in Spinoza
    In Andre Santos Campos (ed.), Spinoza: Basic Concepts, . pp. 14-24. 2015.
    I defend an expanded reading of immanent causation that includes both inherence and causal efficacy; I argue that the latter is required if God is to remain the immanent cause of finite modes.
  •  59
    The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (3). 2008.
    (2008). The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 489-509. doi: 10.1080/09608780802200489
  •  1
  •  32
    Spinoza's Formal Mechanism
    Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (S1): 151-181. 2018.
  •  16
    Spinoza’s Metaphysics: Substance and Thought by Yitzhak Y. Melamed (review)
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (2): 377-378. 2014.
    I review Spinoza's Metaphysics: Substance and Thought by Yitzhak Melamed