University of Minnesota
Department of Philosophy
PhD, 1984
Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America
Areas of Interest
Philosophy of Law
  •  2
    Using Ethnography to Inform Systems Design
    with D. Randall and J. A. Hughes
    Journal of Intelligent Systems 4 (1-2): 9-28. 1994.
  •  14
    Creativity in Medical Education: The Value of Having Medical Students Make Stuff
    with Michael J. Green, Kimberly Myers, Katie Watson, M. K. Czerwiec, and Stephanie Draus
    Journal of Medical Humanities 37 (4): 475-483. 2016.
    What is the value of having medical students engage in creative production as part of their learning? Creating something new requires medical students to take risks and even to fail--something they tend to be neither accustomed to nor comfortable with doing. “Making stuff” can help students prepare for such failures in a controlled environment that doesn’t threaten their professional identities. Furthermore, doing so can facilitate students becoming resilient and creative problem-solvers who str…Read more
  •  10
    Why Rawlsian Liberals Should Support Free Market Capitalism
    Journal of Political Philosophy 3 (1): 58-85. 1995.
  • Jeffrey Reiman, Justice and Modern Moral Philosophy Reviewed by (review)
    Philosophy in Review 11 (4): 286-288. 1991.
  •  36
    Does Ronald Dworkin Take Rights Seriously?
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (3). 1982.
    One of the aims of Ronald Dworkin's recent book, Taking Rights Seriously, is to provide a theory of natural rights. His theory is novel and interesting in two respects. First, Dworkin argues that the commonly held belief that liberty and equality are fundamentally opposed to one another is false. Rights to various liberties are themselves derived from a form of a right to equality — what Dworkin calls the right to equal concern and respect. Second, Dworkin thinks that the notion of a general rig…Read more
  •  4
    Research in psychotherapy and psychoanalysis
    Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (2): 91-92. 1986.
    Wilkinson's (1) critique of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytically oriented psychotherapy is weakened by inconsistent use of crucial terms, a systematically biased selectivity in reviewing empirical evidence and prior debates, and a failure to address issues crucial for a scientific understanding of psychotherapy
  •  27
    Ethical and legal issues in e-mail therapy
    with Charles Eric Schulman
    Ethics and Behavior 6 (2). 1996.
    Psychologists and psychiatrists recently started using electronic mail (e-mail) to conduct therapy. This article explores relevant ethical and legal issues including, among others, the nature of the professional relationship, boundaries of competence, informed consent, treating minors, confidentiality, and the duty to warn and protect. To illustrate these complex issues, two services currently operating are discussed. To address potential hazards to clients and the profession, a new ethical stan…Read more
  •  9
    Free Speech and Art Subsidies
    Law and Philosophy 14 (3/4). 1995.
  •  74
    Individual rights, drug policy, and the worst‐case Scenario
    Criminal Justice Ethics 22 (1): 41-45. 2003.
  •  10
    The State
    International Philosophical Quarterly 28 (3): 342-344. 1988.
  •  12
    Liberalism and communitarianism
    Philosophical Books 36 (3): 145-155. 1995.
  • Communitarianism and social security
    In Christi Favor, Gerald F. Gaus & Julian Lamont (eds.), Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects, Stanford Economics and Finance. 2010.
  •  41
    Reviving the Socialist Calculation Debate: A Defense of Hayek Against Lange
    Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2): 139. 1989.
    The socialist calculation debate is a debate about whether rational economic decisions can be made without markets, or without markets in production goods. Though this debate has been simmering in economics for over 65 years, most philosophers have ignored it. This may be because they are unaware of the debate, or perhaps it is because they have absorbed the conventional view that one side decisively won. This is the side represented by economists such as Oskar Lange and Fred Taylor who, in oppo…Read more
  •  23
    Free speech, free exchange, and Rawlsian liberalism
    Social Theory and Practice 17 (1): 47-68. 1991.
  •  16
    Liberalism, basic rights, and free exchange
    Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (2): 103-126. 1995.
  •  15
    Can Old-Age Social Insurance Be Justified?
    Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (2): 116. 1997.
    While in America most people think of “welfare” as means-tested programs such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children, in reality in the United States and other affluent democracies the heart of the welfare state is social insurance programs, such as health insurance, old-age or retirement pensions, and unemployment insurance. They are insurance programs in the sense that they protect against common risks of a loss of income if and/or when certain events come to pass ; they are “social” becau…Read more
  • Is the Welfare State Justified?
    Cambridge University Press. 2007.
    In this book, Daniel Shapiro argues that the dominant positions in contemporary political philosophy - egalitarianism, positive rights theory, communitarianism, and many forms of liberalism - should converge in a rejection of central welfare state institutions. He examines how major welfare institutions, such as government-financed and -administered retirement pensions, national health insurance, and programs for the needy, actually work. Comparing them to compulsory private insurance and privat…Read more
  •  6
    Thesis (Master, Philosophy) -- Queen's University, 2009-11-25 16:01:42.585.
  •  16
    Why Even Egalitarians Should Favor Market Health Insurance
    Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2): 84. 1998.
    Socialism is dead, though many of its academic proponents take no notice of its demise. With its death, private property in the means of production is not generally in dispute, and the action in political philosophy centers on the justification of the welfare state. The heart of the welfare state is social insurance programs, such as government managed and subsidized health insurance, retirement pensions, and unemployment insurance. The arguments about health insurance will arguably be among the…Read more
  •  34
    Egalitarianism and welfare-state redistribution
    Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (1): 1-35. 2002.
    A central idea of contemporary philosophical egalitarianism's theory of justice is that involuntary inequalities or disadvantages—those that arise through no choice or fault of one's own—should be minimized or rectified in some way. Egalitarians believe that the preferred institutional vehicle for fulfilling these obligations of justice is some form of a welfare state. Of course, contemporary egalitarians disagree about the best way to interpret or understand their theory of justice and institut…Read more
  • Jeffrey Reiman, Justice and Modern Moral Philosophy (review)
    Philosophy in Review 11 286-288. 1991.