London School of Economics
Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
PhD, 1976
  •  12
    Philosophical Advice
    Philosophy. forthcoming.
    Philosophers who publish articles that make practical ethical recommendations are thereby offering advice. I consider what obligations they incur in advising. I analyse the giving of advice as a communicative act whose defining and characteristic aim is to secure acceptance of what is advised. Such advice need not be solicited or taken up. I distinguish advice from incitement and threats and specify the scope of the adviser's responsibility for others acting upon the advice. I explore how advice…Read more
  •  4
    The pace of change and, indeed, the sheer number of clinical ethics committees has accelerated during the COVID-19 pandemic. Committees were formed to support healthcare professionals and to operationalise, interpret and compensate for gaps in national and professional guidance. But as the role of clinical ethics support becomes more prominent and visible, it becomes ever more important to address gaps in the support structure and misconceptions as to role and remit. The recent case of Great Orm…Read more
  •  16
    The Child’s Right to a Voice
    Res Publica 1-16. 2020.
    This article provides a philosophical analysis of a putative right of the child to have their expressed views considered in matters that affect them. Article 12 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 is an influential and interesting statement of that right. The article shows that the child’s ‘right to a voice’ is complex. Its complexity lies in the problem of contrasting an adult’s normative power of choice with a child’s weighted views, in the various senses in which …Read more
  •  6
    Ethical expertise: The good agent and the good citizen
    Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie 3 (2): 337-344. 2020.
    I consider whether political deference by a citizen within a liberal democracy to moral experts is morally problematic. I compare and contrast deference in the political and personal domains. I set to one side consequentialist worries about political deference and evaluate its possible intrinsic wrongness, expressed as a worry that deference is inconsistent with the grant to individuals of the power exercised in a democratic vote, just as personal deference is inconsistent with the grant of a po…Read more
  •  1
    Democratic Individuality
    Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33 356-358. 1991.
  •  65
    Ethical perspectives on advances in biogerontology
    with Jean Woo, Derrick Au, Sara Bergstresser, Alexandre Erler, Timothy Kwok, John Newman, Raymond Tong, and Tom Walker
    Aging Medicine 2 (2): 99-103. 2019.
    Worldwide populations are aging with economic development as a result of public health initiatives and advances in therapeutic discoveries. Since 1850, life expectancy has advanced by 1 year for every four. Accompanying this change is the rapid development of anti‐aging science. There are three schools of thought in the field of aging science. One perspective is the life course approach, which considers that aging is a good and natural process to be embraced as a necessary and positive aspect of…Read more
  •  4
    A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy
    Philosophical Quarterly 45 (178): 111-113. 1995.
  • The Marxist Ethic of Self-realization: Individuality and Community
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 22 19-34. 1987.
  •  11
    Democratic Individuality (review)
    Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33 356-358. 1991.
  •  31
    Getting it Right about Parenthood
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (2): 350-352. 2019.
  •  85
    Disgust, Offensiveness and the Law
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (4): 314-321. 2008.
    abstract Martha Nussbaum's concern is to limit the role that emotions can legitimately play in the definition of the criminal law. She would allow nuisance laws to curtail the occasioning of disgust but only disgust of a certain kind. Problems arise for her account when she extends this analysis to the prevention of offensiveness. Unavoidable is an evaluation of those beliefs subscription to which explains the taking of offence. Hence the principal problem for a liberalism of the kind Nussbaum d…Read more
  •  4
    The Long Life – Helen Small
    Philosophical Quarterly 59 (236): 568-570. 2009.
  • Peregrine Horden , Freud and the Humanities (review)
    Radical Philosophy 44 37. 1986.
  •  1
    with David
    In David Archard & David Benatar (eds.), Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children, Oxford University Press. 2010.
  •  49
    Should We Teach Patriotism?/David Archard
    Studies in Philosophy and Education.–Ny. 1999.
    This article examines a particular debate between Eamonn Callan and William Galston concerning the need for a civic education which counters the divisive pull of pluralism by uniting the citizenry in patriotic allegiance to a single national identity. The article offers a preliminary understanding of nationalism and patriotism before setting out the terms of the debate. It then critically evaluates the central idea of Callan that one might be under an obligation morally to improve one''s own pat…Read more
  •  53
    British communitarianism
    Res Publica 6 (2): 227-235. 2000.
  • Tallyman (review)
    Radical Philosophy 41 34. 1985.
  •  3
    9. JUSTICE David Archard
    In Guillaume de Stexhe & Johan Verstraeten (eds.), Matter of Breath: Foundations for Professional Ethics, Peeters. pp. 3--147. 2000.
  •  10
    Philosophy and Pluralism
    Cambridge University Press. 1996.
    We inhabit a world of differences - cultural, religious, moral, philosophical. The question that preoccupies the contributors to this volume is whether the fact of difference - plurality - inevitably leads to the conclusion that there cannot be a single truth, even in moral matters. As befits a volume on pluralism, it brings together a wide variety of contributors with different backgrounds and distinctive skills and attitudes. The implications of plurality are examined with regard to religion, …Read more
  •  248
    Insults, Free Speech and Offensiveness
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2): 127-141. 2014.
    This article examines what is wrong with some expressive acts, ‘insults’. Their putative wrongfulness is distinguished from the causing of indirect harms, aggregated harms, contextual harms, and damaging misrepresentations. The article clarifies what insults are, making use of work by Neu and Austin, and argues that their wrongfulness cannot lie in the hurt that is caused to those at whom such acts are directed. Rather it must lie in what they seek to do, namely to denigrate the other. The causi…Read more