• On What There Must be
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 36 (1): 137-139. 1975.
  •  38
    The ‘Private Language’ sections of the Philosophical Investigations §§ 243–315 serve to undermine the idea that our ordinary felt sensations, e.g., of heat, or cold, or pain, together with our experienced impressions of colour or of sound, are ‘private’ or ‘inner’ objects, where an object mirrors in the mental realm what we associate with that of the physical. This paper explores Wittgenstein's method in these sections, together with the work of several of his commentators who agree with his ‘th…Read more
  •  17
  •  120
    The Private Language Sections of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations, generally agreed to run from §§ 243 - 271, but extending to § 315 with the book’s continued treatment of the private object model and the inner and outer conception of the mind, have proved remarkably resistant to any generally agreed interpretation. Even today, ways of looking at these sections which were first in vogue half a century ago when discussions of this aspect of Wittgenstein’s work were at their h…Read more
  •  112
    "Descriptive" and "Revisionary" Metaphysics
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34 (2): 209-223. 1973.
    A discussion of the concept of Descriptive v Revisionary Metaphysics as it applies to the work of P.F. Strawson amongst others
  •  74
    Religious belief and philosophical analysis
    Mind 81 (324): 519-532. 1972.
    A discussion of how making a decision about religious belief places this kind of belief in a category which distinguishes it from 'belief in other minds' or 'belief in an external world'. This has important consequences for a philosophical approach to religious belief.
  •  13
    Wittgenstein's Remarks on William Shakespeare
    Philosophy and Literature 40 (1): 297-308. 2016.
    Wittgenstein as Shakespearean critic. Because Wittgenstein’s commentators agree that Shakespeare is the world’s greatest ever playwright, they have to account for those few remarks of his that may suggest a negative evaluation of Shakespeare as a poet. But these remarks can also be used to reveal that Shakespeare is a poet of a kind uniquely different to the majority of those whom Wittgenstein admired. This view is central to John Middleton Murry’s interpretation of Shakespeare and Keats. In a m…Read more
  •  17
    Selection of Critical Notices of a number of books on Wittgenstein's work - over 20 by 2013 - including books devoted to The TRACTATUS, the PHILOSOPHICAL INVESTIGATIONS and various collections of essays etc. by Wittgenstein scholars and others.
  • Ross Harrison's "On What There Must Be" (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 36 (1): 137. 1975.
  •  73
    Necessities of origin and constitution
    Philosophical Investigations 33 (1): 24-43. 2010.
    The once deeply held conviction that all necessary truths are known a priori is now widely, although by no means universally agreed to have been subjected to penetrating, if not devastating criticism. Scott Soames, for example, on behalf of Saul Kripke, and indirectly of Hilary Putnam, argues that in respect of natural kinds, the introduction of basic essentialist assumptions grounded in our pre-theoretical habits of thinking and speaking – for example, that atomic or molecular structure provide…Read more
  •  35
    Scott Soames on Gilbert Ryle
    Philosophical Investigations 37 (2): 113-129. 2014.
    In his exceptionally well-received history of analytic philosophy,1 Scott Soames presents accounts of the work of Wittgenstein and Ryle that rest on his acceptance of metaphysical preconceptions that these philosophers implicitly question in their writings. Their shared expressive third-person treatments of the mind, for example, serve to emphasise the inadequacy of Soames's distinction between private mental states and physical states/behaviour, which he regularly employs in assessing their vie…Read more
  • Poem: Intransience
    Hibbert Journal 66 (60): 30. 1967.