•  1088
    Corporate social responsibility theories: Mapping the territory (review)
    with Elisabet Garriga
    Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2): 51-71. 2004.
    The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) field presents not only a landscape of theories but also a proliferation of approaches, which are controversial, complex and unclear. This article tries to clarify the situation, mapping the territory by classifying the main CSR theories and related approaches in four groups: (1) instrumental theories, in which the corporation is seen as only an instrument for wealth creation, and its social activities are only a means to achieve economic results; (2) po…Read more
  •  136
    The Firm as a “Community of Persons”: A Pillar of Humanistic Business Ethos
    Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1): 89-101. 2012.
    The article starts by arguing that seeing the firm as a mere nexus of contracts or as an abstract entity where different stakeholder interests concur is insufficient for a “humanistic business ethos”, which entails a complete view of the human being. It seems more appropriate to understand the firm as a human community, a concept which can be found in several sources, including managerial literature, business ethics scholars, and Catholic Social Teaching. In addition, there are also philosophica…Read more
  •  99
    Some virtue ethicists are reluctant to consider principles and standards in business ethics. However, this is problematic. This paper argues that realistic Personalism can be integrated into virtue-based business ethics, giving it a more complete base. More specifically, two principles are proposed: the Personalist Principle (PP) and the Common Good Principle (CGP). The PP includes the Golden Rule and makes explicit the duty of respect, benevolence, and care for people, emphasizing human dignity…Read more
  •  92
    Ethical education in accounting: Integrating rules, values and virtues (review)
    Journal of Business Ethics 57 (1). 2005.
    Ethics in accounting and ethical education have seen an increase in interest in the last decade. However, despite the renewed interest some important shortcomings persist. Generally, rules, principles, values and virtues are presented in a fragmented fashion. In addition, only a few authors consider the role of the accountants character in presenting relevant and truthful information in financial reporting and the importance of practical reasoning in accounting. This article holds that rules, va…Read more
  •  66
    Can an sme become a global corporate citizen? Evidence from a case study
    with Heidi Weltzien Hoivivonk
    Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3): 551-563. 2009.
    Global Corporate Citizenship (GCC) continues to become increasingly popular in large corporations. However, this concept has rarely been considered in small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). A case study of a Norwegian clothing company illustrates how GCC can be also applied to small companies. This case study also shows that SMEs can be very innovative in exercising corporate citizenship, without necessarily following the patterns of large multinational companies. The company studied engages …Read more
  •  61
    Managing ethically cultural diversity: learning from Thomas Aquinas
    with João César das Neves
    Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4): 769-780. 2013.
    Cultural diversity is an inescapable reality and a concern in many businesses where it can often raise ethical questions and dilemmas. This paper aims to offer suggestions to certain problems facing managers in dealing with cultural diversity through the inspiration of Thomas Aquinas. Although he may be perceived as a voice from the distant past, we can still find in his writings helpful and original ideas and criteria. He welcomes cultural differences as a part of the perfection of the universe…Read more
  •  57
    Exploring the Principle of Subsidiarity in Organisational Forms
    Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3): 293-305. 2005.
    The paper starts with a case study of a medium-sized company in which a strong and successful change in the organisational form and job design took place. A bureaucratic organisation with highly-specialised jobs was converted into a new organisation in which employees became much more autonomous in managing their own work. This not only entailed new techniques and managerial systems but also a new anthropological vision. Bureaucratic rules were reduced, but not eliminated completely, and managem…Read more
  •  49
    Power, Freedom and Authority in Management: Mary Parker Follett’s ‘Power-With’
    with Josep Rosanas
    Philosophy of Management 3 (2): 35-46. 2003.
    Power is one of the key ideas in management, and so is the concept of authority. However, most studies on power are rather instrumental, dealing with the place of power in management, and how to achieve it. Less attention has been paid to the essential concepts of power and authority themselves in managementthought and how they have evolved. To clarify these concepts, and to better understand the notions of power and authority in management and their proper use in organisations, this paper goes …Read more
  •  47
    The View and Purpose of the Firm in Freeman’s Stakeholder Theory
    Philosophy of Management 8 (3): 3-13. 2009.
    Stakeholder Theory, presented by R. Edward Freeman, is a managerial theory which sees the firm as ‘connected networks of stakeholder interests’. The purpose of the firm in Freeman’s theory is ‘value creation and trade’ and ‘creation of value for each appropriate stakeholder’. This article argues that although ST presents important insights, its view of the firm is incomplete and its vision of the purpose of the business in society needs to be refined.
  •  43
    Cultural Diversity and Universal Ethics in a Global World
    with Carlos Sánchez-Runde
    Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4): 681-687. 2013.
    Cultural diversity and globalization bring about a tension between universal ethics and local values and norms. Simultaneously, the current globalization and the existence of an increasingly interconnected world seem to require a common ground to promote dialog, peace, and a more humane world. This article is the introduction to a special issue of the Journal of Business Ethics regarding these problems. We highlight five topics, which intertwine the eight papers of this issue. The first is wheth…Read more
  •  42
    Corporate Ethical Policies in Large Corporations in Argentina, Brazil and Spain
    with Patricia Debeljuh and M. Cecilia Arruda
    Journal of Business Ethics 63 (1): 21-38. 2006.
    This paper examines the status of Corporate Ethical Policies (CEP) in large companies in Argentina, Brazil and Spain, with a special emphasis on Corporate Ethics Statements (CES), documents that define the firms’ philosophy, values and norms of conduct. It is based on a survey of the 500 largest companies in these nations. The findings reveal many similarities between these countries. Among other things, it emerges that most companies give consideration to ethics in business and have adopted som…Read more
  •  42
    Organizational humanizing cultures: Do they generate social capital? (review)
    Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2). 2003.
    An organizational culture can be defined as "Organizational Humanizing Culture" if it presents the following features: (1) recognition of the person in his or her dignity, rights, uniqueness, sociability and capacity for personal growth, (2) respect for persons and their human rights, (3) care and service for persons around one, and (4) management towards the common good versus particular interests. Current findings and generalized experience suggest that an organizational culture with these fea…Read more
  •  41
  •  39
    The Challenge of Humanistic Management
    Journal of Business Ethics 44 (1). 2003.
    According to the origin of the word "humanism" and the concept of humanitas where the former comes from, management could be called humanistic when its outlook emphasizes common human needs and is oriented to the development of human virtue, in all its forms, to its fullest extent. A first approach to humanistic management, although quite incomplete, was developed mainly in the middle of the 20th century. It was centered on human motivations. A second approach to humanistic management sprang up …Read more
  •  39
    Loyalty in Business: Subversive Doctrine or Real Need?
    Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (1): 11-26. 2001.
    Loyalty within the firm, though praised by some, is criticized by others. An analysis of the historical and current significance of theconcept of loyalty can aid in both understanding its critics and responding to them. Loyalty in the business world is generallyunderstood in three ways: i) transactional retention, ii) sentimental attraction, and iii) willingness to commit oneself. In the third type,the commitment to adhere to a person, cause, or institution may contribute to human flourishing an…Read more
  •  31
    “Human Quality Treatment”: Five Organizational Levels
    Journal of Business Ethics 120 (4): 457-471. 2014.
    Quality is commonly applied to products and processes, but we can also define human quality in dealing with people. This requires first establishing what treatment is appropriate to the human condition. Through an inquiry into the characteristics that define the human being and what ethical requirements constitute a good treatment, we define “Human Quality Treatment” as dealing with persons in a way appropriate to the human condition, which entails acting with respect for their human dignity and…Read more
  •  29
    Ethics in accounting and accountability: Editorial introduction (review)
    with Josep M. Rosanas
    Journal of Business Ethics 57 (1). 2005.
  •  28
    Early business ethics in Spain: The salamanca school (1526--1614) (review)
    Journal of Business Ethics 22 (3). 1999.
    Business ethics is not a novelty: it has important antecedents, among which we find the Spanish "Salamanca School". Its most brilliant period was during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century, a historical epoch when Spain was one of the principal centers of commerce in Europe. In this article, we present a panoramic view of business ethics as developed by this school and discuss its potential contributions to new developments in business ethics. The Salamanca School was primarily focused o…Read more
  •  28
    Integrating Ethics into Management
    Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3): 291-297. 2008.
  •  27
    Moral Legitimacy in Controversial Projects and Its Relationship with Social License to Operate: A Case Study
    with Jaume Armengou
    Journal of Business Ethics 136 (4): 729-742. 2016.
    Moral legitimacy entails intrinsic value and helps executives convince firm’s stakeholders and the general public of the ethical acceptability of an institution or its activities or projects. Social license to operate is the social approval of those affected by a certain business activity, and it is receiving increasing attention, especially in the context of controversial projects such as mining and public works. Moral legitimacy provides ethical support to SLO. Drawing from the Aristotelian-Th…Read more
  •  27
    Facing the Crisis: Toward a New Humanistic Synthesis for Business (review)
    with Antonio Argandoña and Carlos Sanchez-Runde
    Journal of Business Ethics 99 (1). 2011.
  •  26
    The duty to respect, protect and help the family rights is related very closely with the organization of work in the firm. This paper summarizes and illustrates, using mini-case studies, the relationship between the organization of work in companies and the family rights and duties of employees.
  •  21
    Christian Ethics and Spirituality in Leading Business Organizations: Editorial Introduction
    with Joan Fontrodona
    Journal of Business Ethics 145 (4): 671-679. 2017.
    Christian ethics applied to economics and business has a long tradition. This dates back at least to the thirteenth century, with noteworthy developments in the four following centuries and again in the last century. Christian faith and reason intertwine to bring about principles, criteria, and guidelines for action and a set of virtues with relevance for economic activity. Christian spirituality, with 2000 years of history, has been embedded in Christianity from its beginning, but the applicati…Read more
  •  20
    Philosophy as a Base for Management: An Aristotelian Integrative Proposal
    with Juan Fontrodona
    Philosophy of Management 2 (2): 3-9. 2002.
    Current theories of management have difficulty overcoming certain problems and limitations related to some features of the field itself: multiplicity, multidisciplinarity, fragmentation, presence or lack of paradigms, self-referentiality, and ethnocentrism. This paper first reviews these issues broadly. Then, itemphasises the preponderance of the scientific method and the exclusion of philosophy as theoretical foundations for management. It proposes taking philosophy as the science to provide th…Read more
  •  19
    The Encyclical-Letter “Caritas in Veritate”: Ethical Challenges for Business (review)
    with Michael Naughton
    Journal of Business Ethics 100 (S1): 1-7. 2011.
    This article serves as an editorial introduction to this special issue on Pope Benedict’s encyclical-letter, Caritas in Veritate ( 2009 ) and its engagement with the field of business ethics. According to this document , love in truth, which includes justice, is indeed presented as a basic moral foundation for economic and business ethics. The article provides an overview of some major themes in the encyclical and their relationship to the essays in this special issue. The authors in this issue …Read more
  •  19
    with Antonio Argandoña
    Journal of Business Ethics 44 (1). 2003.
  •  16
    The Practice of Networking: An Ethical Approach
    Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4). 2009.
    Focusing on the virtue-ethics tradition, this article analyzes the practice of networking within the business context. First, it distinguishes three types of networking: utilitarian, emotional, and virtuous. Virtuous networking does not exclude utilitarian and emotional networking, but these latter forms should be practiced with reciprocity. It is argued that virtuous networking requires (1) acting with good faith, sharing honest goals, and participating in licit activities; (2) sharing informat…Read more
  •  12
  •  11
    Humanism in Economics and Business (edited book)
    with Martin Schlag
    Springer Verlag. 2015.
    The aim of this chapter is to reflect and provide a tentative answer to the question posited in the title. The first section provides a brief summary of the origin of that “humanism” typical of Modernity. The second section attempts to demonstrate the intrinsically individualistic and atheistic dimension entailed in this Modernist vision of man. In the third part, which can be considered the nucleus of this chapter, we present an exposition of how, from the basic characteristics of this “humanis…Read more