•  47
    Reconceptualizing Emotion Regulation
    with Joseph J. Campos, Audun Dahl, and Alexandra Main
    Emotion Review 3 (1): 26-35. 2011.
    Emotion regulation is one of the major foci of study in the fields of emotion and emotional development. This article proposes that to properly study emotion regulation, one must consider not only an intrapersonal view of emotion, but a relational one as well. Defining properties of intrapersonal and relational approaches are spelled out, and implications drawn for how emotion regulation is conceptualized, how studies are designed, how findings are interpreted, and how generalizations are drawn.…Read more
  •  24
    To date, emotion research has primarily focused on the experience and display of the emoter. However, of equal, if not more, importance is how such displays impact and guide the behavior of an observer. We incorporate a functionalist framework of emotion to examine the development of differential responding to discrete emotion, theorize on what may facilitate its development, and hypothesize the functions that may underlie such behavioral responses. Although our review is focused primarily on de…Read more
  •  12
    How Can One Piece Together Emotion when a Crucial Piece Is Missing?
    with Audun Dahl and Joseph J. Campos
    Emotion Review 4 (3): 299-300. 2012.
    Attempts to explain emotion typically emphasize the interaction of evolutionary and socialization processes. However, in describing this interplay the role of the person is typically underemphasized or unaccounted for. This paper lays out empirical and theoretical rationale for considering the person as a major contributor to emotion generation and development
  •  10
    Putting Social Referencing and Social Appraisal Back Together Again
    with Peter J. Reschke and Jennifer M. Knothe
    Emotion Review 9 (3): 269-270. 2017.
    We are encouraged by the attention paid to fundamental aspects relating to the interpersonal functions of emotion. In continuing this discussion, we consider two arguments used to distinguish social referencing and social appraisal, namely the role of ostension and the absence of prior appraisals of the individual. We contend that neither element is essential to social referencing.
  •  7
    The Interpersonal Functions of Empathy: A Relational Perspective
    with Alexandra Main, Carmen Kho, and Jodi Halpern
    Emotion Review 9 (4): 358-366. 2017.
    Empathy is an extensively studied construct, but operationalization of effective empathy is routinely debated in popular culture, theory, and empirical research. This article offers a process-focused approach emphasizing the relational functions of empathy in interpersonal contexts. We argue that this perspective offers advantages over more traditional conceptualizations that focus on primarily intrapsychic features. Our aim is to enrich current conceptualizations and empirical approaches to the…Read more
  •  6
    Postural Communication of Emotion: Perception of Distinct Poses of Five Discrete Emotions
    with Lukas D. Lopez, Peter J. Reschke, and Jennifer M. Knothe
    Frontiers in Psychology 8. 2017.
  •  4
    Social Referencing: Defining and Delineating a Basic Process of Emotion
    with Peter J. Reschke and Jennifer M. Knothe
    Emotion Review 9 (3): 245-252. 2017.
    Social referencing informs and regulates one’s relation with the environment as a function of the perceived appraisals of social partners. Increased emphasis on relational and social contexts in the study of emotion makes this interpersonal process particularly relevant to the field. However, theoretical conceptualizations and empirical operationalizations of social referencing are disjointed across domains and populations of study. This article seeks to unite and refine the study of this constr…Read more