•  144
    Asymmetry in presupposition projection: The case of conjunction
    with Matthew Mandelkern, Jeremy Zehr, and Jacopo Romoli
    Semantics and Linguistic Theory 27. forthcoming.
    Is the basic mechanism behind presupposition projection fundamentally asymmetric or symmetric? This is a basic question for the theory of presupposition, which also bears on broader issues concerning the source of asymmetries observed in natural language: are these simply rooted in superficial asymmetries of language use— language use unfolds in time, which we experience as fundamentally asymmetric— or can they be, at least in part, directly referenced in linguistic knowledge and representations…Read more
  •  22
    Scalar Implicatures Versus Presuppositions: The View from Acquisition
    with Cory Bill, Jacopo Romoli, and Stephen Crain
    Topoi 35 (1): 57-71. 2016.
    This paper reports an experimental investigation of presuppositions and scalar implicatures in language acquisition. Recent proposals posit the same mechanisms for generating both types of inferences, in contrast to the traditional view. We used a Covered Box picture selection task to compare the interpretations assigned by two groups of children and by adults, in response to sentences with presuppositions and ones with either ‘direct’ or ‘indirect’ scalar implicatures. The main finding was that…Read more
  •  171
    Situation Pronouns in Determiner Phrases
    Natural Language Semantics 20 (4): 431-475. 2012.
    It is commonly argued that natural language has the expressive power of quantifying over intensional entities, such as times, worlds, or situations. A standard way of modelling this assumes that there are unpronounced but syntactically represented variables of the corresponding type. Not all that much as has been said, however, about the exact syntactic location of these variables. Meanwhile, recent work has highlighted a number of problems that arise because the interpretive options for situati…Read more
  •  2
    The pragmatics of expressive content: Evidence from large corpora
    with Christopher Davis, Noah Constant, and Christopher Potts
    We use large collections of online product reviews, in Chinese, English, German, and Japanese, to study the use conditions of expressives (swears, antihonorifics, intensives). The distributional evidence provides quantitative support for a pragmatic theory of these items that is based in speaker and hearer expectations.
  •  2
    Waqf als soziale, rechtliche und religiöse Institution der Islamischen Welt
    with Christoph Werner
    Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 80 (1): 30-31. 2003.
  •  33
    Maximize Presupposition and Two Types of Definite Competitors
    with Luis Alonso-Ovalle and Paula Menéndez-Benitob
    In Suzi Lima, Kevin Mullin & Brian Smith (eds.), Proceedings of NELS 39 - Volume 1, Amherst, Ma: Glsa. pp. 29-40. 2011.
    Indefinites impose an anti-uniqueness condition on their domain of quantification. The sentence in (1), for instance, cannot be felicitously uttered when it is taken for granted that John has only one friend (Hawkins 1978, 1991, Heim 1991).
  •  25
    Processing Presupposed Content
    Journal of Semantics 24 (4): 373-416. 2007.
    This paper presents three experimental studies investigating the processing of presupposed content. The first two experiments employ the German additive particle auch ‘too’, and the third uses English also. In experiment 1, participants were given a questionnaire containing biclausal, ambiguous sentences containing auch. The presupposition introduced by auch was only satisfied on one of the two readings, which corresponded to a syntactically dispreferred parse of the sentence. The prospect of ha…Read more
  •  6
    Bargeldstiftungen im Chanat von Chiva, 1840–1922
    Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 80 (1): 79-93. 2003.