•  422
    Most Peers Don’t Believe It, Hence It Is Probably False
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (4): 87-112. 2017.
    Rob Lovering has recently argued that since theists have been unable, by means of philosophical arguments, to convince 85 percent of professional philosophers that God exists, at least one of their defining beliefs must be either false or meaningless. This paper is a critical examination of his argument. First we present Lovering’s argument and point out its salient features. Next we explain why the argument’s conclusion is entirely acceptable for theists, even if, as we show, there are multiple…Read more
  •  6
    Spirit Beliefs Debunked?
    Science, Religion and Culture 5 (1): 73-82. 2018.
    I discuss and criticize an argument for the conclusion that belief in spirits is unreliably formed and hence unjustified. The argument is based on three scientific explanations for spirit-beliefs; hyperactive agency detection device, infrasound, and magnetic stimulation of the temporal lobe. I argue that the argument fails because the explanations are of too limited scope
  •  46
    The Retreat Argument
    Heythrop Journal (3): 497-508. 2018.
    Some philosophers and scientists argue that as science progresses the religious domain shrinks ever more. They see the advance of science as an argument against religion and for naturalism. In what follows I construct the argument that is tacit in this line of reasoning and criticize it.
  •  142
    This article discusses “explaining away” arguments in the cognitive science of religion. I distinguish two rather different ways of explaining away religion, one where religion is shown to be incompatible with scientific findings and one where supernatural entities are rendered superfluous by scientific explanations. After discussing possible objections to both varieties, I argue that the latter way offers better prospects for successfully explaining away religion but that some caveats must be m…Read more
  •  4
    Rob Lovering. God and Evidence. Bloomsbury, 2013
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 8 (1): 254--260. 2016.
  •  9
    J. A. Van Slyke, The Cognitive Science of Religion, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2011
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 8 (4): 231--233. 2016.
  •  44
    There Is No Sensus Divinitatis
    Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 15 (45): 24-40. 2016.
    Inspired by Alvin Plantinga, many philosophers of religion accept the existence of a sensus divinitatis, a cognitive mechanism that produces religious beliefs. In this paper I will argue that there are no good reasons to accept the existence of a sensus divinitatis and hence its existence should not be affirmed. Plantinga gives two arguments for its existence, one empirical and one from the nature of God. I will argue that the first argument fails because God’s nature makes it more likely that h…Read more
  •  284
    It is widely acknowledged that the new emerging discipline cognitive science of religion has a bearing on how to think about the epistemic status of religious beliefs. Both defenders and opponents of the rationality of religious belief have used cognitive theories of religion to argue for their point. This paper will look at the defender-side of the debate. I will discuss an often used argument in favor of the trustworthiness of religious beliefs, stating that cognitive science of religion shows…Read more
  •  186
    What Cognitive Science of Religion Can Learn from John Dewey
    Contemporary Pragmatism 15 (3): 387-406. 2018.
    Cognitive science of religion is a fairly young discipline with the aim of studying the cognitive basis of religious belief. Despite the great variation in theories a number of common features can be distilled and most theories can be situated in the cognitivist and modular paradigm. In this paper, I investigate how cognitive science of religion (CSR) can be made better by insights from John Dewey. I chose Dewey because he offered important insights in cognition long before there was cognitive s…Read more
  •  1062
    Religious Cognition as Social Cognition
    Studia Religiologica 48 (4): 301-312. 2015.
    In this paper, I examine the relationship between social cognition and religious cognition. Many cognitive theories of religion claim that these two forms are somehow related, but the details are usually left unexplored and insights from theories of social cognition are not taken on board. I discuss the three main (groups of) theories of social cognition, namely the theory-theory, the simulation theory and enactivist theories. Secondly, I explore how these theories can help to enrich a number of…Read more