•  27
    Ethics in Practice: An Anthology (5th Edition) (edited book)
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2020.
  •  6
    Motivating Political Morality
    Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174): 132-133. 1994.
  •  14
    Morality, Utilitarianism, and Rights
    Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176): 410-413. 1994.
  • The Oxford Hndbk of Practical Ethics (edited book)
    Oxford University Press UK. 2005.
    The Oxford Handbooks series is a major new initiative in academic publishing. Each volume offers an authoritative and up-to-date survey of original research in a particular subject area. Specially commissioned essays from leading figures in the discipline give critical examinations of the progress and direction of debates. Oxford Handbooks provide scholars and graduate students with compelling new perspectives upon a wide range of subjects in the humanities and social sciences. The Oxford Handbo…Read more
  •  8
    Kinship and intimacy
    Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 11 (1): 33. 2017.
  •  34
    The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, 2nd print edition (edited book)
    Wiley-Blackwell. forthcoming.
    The definitive ethics resource. By the time the second edition is edited, it will have more than 850 entries (more than 200 revised since the first edition), averaging more than 4,000 words. Authors are known authorities, coming from more than 25 countries from all six inhabited continents. Essays were double-blind reviewed.
  •  266
    This volume is a philosophical introduction and exploration of the nature and value of personal relationships. It is an ideal text for introductory philosophy, ethics, or applied ethics courses.
  •  8
    Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4): 621-624. 1997.
  •  3
    Reviews (review)
    with Ludmilla Jordanova, John Earman, Keith Campbell, Pierre Kerszberg, Sverre Myhra, Richard Yeo, Daniel L. Schacter, Raymond F. Haynes, Viviane Morrigan, Stephen Gaukroger, Ray Younis, Paul Redding, Phil Dowe, and Tony Lynch
    Metascience 7 (1): 181-230. 1998.
  •  6
    World Hunger and Morality (edited book)
    Prentice-Hall. 1995.
  •  7
    Ethics in Practice 3rd edition (edited book)
    Blackwell. 2007.
  •  18
    Controlling guns
    Criminal Justice Ethics 20 (1): 34-39
    Wheeler, Stark, and Stell have raised many interesting briefly expand on, the proposal I offered in the original points concerning gun control that merit extended treat- paper.' ment. Here, however, I will focus only on two. I wiII then In earlier papers and also in this symposium, Wheeler argues that ov,ming arms is defensible as a means of resisting governmental assaults against indivicluals. If only governments have guns, he argues, then a gover'n- ment gone bad can easily oppress its citizen…Read more
  •  38
    Kinship and Intimacy
    Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 11 (1): 33-40. 2017.
    We think about personal relationships in two distinct ways. The first focuses on relationships between blood relatives: parents and their children, siblings, and perhaps first cousins. The second focuses on intimacy: relationships where each individual is honest to and trusting of the other; each cares for the other and seeks the other’s company. In this article I ask how these two conceptions are, can be, or should be linked. Should we strive to make all relationships with kin intimate? Even i…Read more
  •  133
    In Defense of Gun Control
    Oup Usa. 2018.
    The gun control debate is more complex than most disputants acknowledge. We are not tasked with answering a single question: should we have gun control? There are three distinct policy questions confronting us: who should we permit to have which guns, and how should we regulate the acquisition, storage, and carrying of guns people may legitimately own? To answer these questions we must decide whether (and which) people have a right to bear arms, what kind of right they have, and how stringent…Read more
  •  195
    My Conscience May Be My Guide, but You May not Need to Honor It
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1): 44-58. 2017.
    A number of health care professionals assert a right to be exempt from performing some actions currently designated as part of their standard professional responsibilities. Most advocates claim that they should be excused from these duties simply by averring that they are conscientiously opposed to performing them. They believe that they need not explain or justify their decisions to anyone; nor should they suffer any undesirable consequences of such refusal. Those who claim this right err by…Read more
  •  27
    Chaos Theory
    Idealistic Studies 24 (3): 241-254. 1994.
    In this article we discuss two divergent accounts of non-human animals as analog models of human biomedical phenomena. Using a classical account of analogical reasoning, toxicologists and teratologists claim that if the model and subject modeled are substantially similar, then test results in non-human animals are likely applicable to humans . However, the same toxicologists report that different species often react very differently to the same chemical stimuli . The best way to understand their…Read more
  •  197
    Real men
    In Larry May & Robert Strikwerda (eds.), Masculinity, Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 59--74. 1992.
    "Ah, for the good old days, when men were men and women were women." Men who express such sentiments long for the world where homosexuals were ensconced in their closets and women were sexy, demure, and subservient. That is a world well lost -- though not as lost as I would like. More than a few men still practice misogyny and homophobia. The defects of such attitudes are obvious. My concern here is not to document these defects but to ask how real men, men who reject stereotypical male-female r…Read more
  •  210
    Belief and the Basis of Humor
    with Niall Shanks
    American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (4): 329-39. 1993.
    When theorists have studied humor, they often assumed that laughter was either a necessary or a sufficient condition of humor. It is neither. Although humorous events usually evoke laughter, they do not do so invariably. Humor may evoke smiles or smirks which fall short of laughter. Thus it is not a necessary condition. Nor is it a sufficient condition. People may laugh because they are uncomfortable (nervous laughter), they may laugh at someone (derisive laughter), they may laugh because they a…Read more
  •  34
    Moral kinds and natural kinds
    with George Graham
    Journal of Value Inquiry 16 (2): 85-99. 1982.
  • Michael Allaby and Peter Bunyard, The Politics of Self-Sufficiency (review)
    Philosophy in Review 2 47-48. 1982.
  •  112
    Util-izing animals
    with Niall Shanks
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1): 13-25. 1995.
    Biomedical experimentation on animals is justified, researchers say, because of its enormous benefits to human being. Sure an imals die a nd suffer , but that is m orally insignificant since the benefits of research incalculably outweigh the evils. Although this utilitarian claim appears straightforward and uncontroversial, it is neither straightforw ard n ot uncontroversial. This defense of animal experimentation is like ly to succeed only by rejecting three widely held moral presumptions. W e …Read more
  •  199
    Honesty and Intimacy
    with George Graham
    Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 3-18. 1986.
    Current profess ional and la y lore ove rlook the ro le of hone sty in develop ing and s ustaining intimate relationships. We w ish to ass ert its importa nce. W e begin b y analyz ing the no tion of intimac y. An intim ate encounter or exchange, we argue, is one in which one verbally or non-verbally privately reveals something about oneself, and does so in a sensitive, trusting way. An intimate relationship is one marked by regular intimate encounters or excha nges. Then, we co nsider two sorts…Read more
  •  125
    The Origin of Speciesism
    with Niall Shanks
    Philosophy 71 (275): 41-. 1996.
    Anti-vivisectionists charge that animal experimenters are speciesists people who unjustly discriminate against members of other species. Until recently most defenders of experimentation denied the charge. After the publication of `The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research' in the New England Journal of Medicine , experimenters had a more aggressive reply: `I am a speciesist. Speciesism is not merely plausible, it is essential for right conduct...'1. Most researchers now embrace Cohe…Read more
  •  82
    When most people think of legal punishment, they envision a judge or jury convicting a person for a crime, and then sentencing that person in accordance with clearly prescribed penalties, as specified in the criminal law. The person serves the sentence, is released (perhaps a bit early for A good behavior"), and then welcomed back into society as a full-functioning member, adorned with all the rights and responsibilities of ordinary citizens.
  •  248526
    The Greatest Vice?
    Journal of Practical Ethics 4 (2): 1-24. 2016.
    History teems with instances of “man’s inhumanity to man.” Some wrongs are perpetrated by individuals; most ghastly evils were committed by groups or nations. Other horrific evils were established and sustained by legal systems and supported by cultural mores. This demands explanation. I describe and evaluate four common explanations of evil before discussing more mundane and psychologically informed explanations of wrong-doing. Examining these latter forms helps isolate an additional factor whi…Read more
  •  37
    A reply to Frisch
    Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (2): 181-183. 1982.