London School of Economics
Department of Philosophy and Department of Government
PhD, 1991
London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

This research tends to be framed by the following triple methodology: philosophically explaining and defending libertarianism* (an unpopular and misunderstood ideology); doing this using critical rationalism (an unpopular and misunderstood epistemology); and having an abstract—non-propertarian and non-normative—theory of libertarian liberty (an unpopular and misunderstood eleutherology). “Here I stand; I can do no other. [Philosophy] help me.”

Mainstream private-property libertarianism—in its various forms—is severely philosophically confused. It conflates conceptions or theories of rights, consequences, property, and supporting ‘justificati…

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