• Why Restrictions on the Immigration of Health Workers Are Unjust
    Developing World Bioethics 14 (3): 117-126. 2014.
  •  125
    The Case for the International Governance of Immigration
    International Theory 8 (1): 140-170. 2016.
    States have rights to unilaterally determine their own immigration policies under international law and few international institutions regulate states’ decision-making about immigration. As a result, states have extensive discretion over immigration policy. In this paper, I argue that states should join international migration institutions that would constrain their discretion over immigration. Immigration restrictions are morally risky. When states restrict immigration, they risk unjustly harmi…Read more
  •  268
    An Argument for Guest Worker Programs
    Public Affairs Quarterly 24 (1): 21-38. 2010.
    Several noted economists and prominent international organizations have recently advocated for the implementation of guest worker programs in developed states. Their primary argument is that guest worker programs would serve as a powerful mechanism for reducing global poverty and inequality. For example, economist Dani Rodrik estimates that guest worker programs in wealthy states would generate $200 billion or more annually for poor countries. According to Rodrik, liberalizing the temporary move…Read more
  •  382
    Freedom, immigration, and adequate options
    Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (2): 1-23. 2012.
    No abstract
  •  262
    Selling Citizenship: A Defence
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3): 223-239. 2016.
    Many people think that citizenship should not be for sale. On their view, it is morally wrong for states to sell citizenship to foreigners. In this article, I challenge this view. I argue that it is in principle permissible for states to sell citizenship. I contend that, if states can permissibly deny foreigners access to citizenship in some cases, then states can permissibly give foreigners the option of buying citizenship in these cases. Furthermore, I defend the permissibility of selling citi…Read more
  •  249
    The Duty to Disobey Immigration Law
    Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (2). 2016.
    Many political theorists argue that immigration restrictions are unjust and defend broadly open borders. In this paper, I examine the implications of this view for individual conduct. In particular, I argue that the citizens of states that enforce unjust immigration restrictions have duties to disobey certain immigration laws. States conscript their citizens to help enforce immigration law by imposing legal duties on these citizens to monitor, report, and refrain from interacting with unauthoriz…Read more
  •  43
  •  14
    Freedom, immigration, and adequate options
    Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (2): 212-234. 2014.
  •  117
    Liberalism or Immigration Restrictions, But Not Both
    Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 10 (2): 1-22. 2016.
    This paper argues for a dilemma: you can accept liberalism or immigration restrictions, but not both. More specifically, the standard arguments for restricting freedom of movement apply equally to textbook liberal freedoms, such as freedom of speech, religion, occupation and reproductive choice. We begin with a sketch of liberalism’s core principles and an argument for why freedom of movement is plausibly on a par with other liberal freedoms. Next we argue that, if a state’s right to self-determ…Read more
  •  681
    Self-Determination, Immigration Restrictions, and the Problem of Compatriot Deportation
    Journal of International Political Theory 10 (3): 261-282. 2014.
    Several political theorists argue that states have rights to self-determination and these rights justify immigration restrictions. Call this: the self-determination argument for immigration restrictions. In this article, I develop an objection to the self-determination argument. I argue that if it is morally permissible for states to restrict immigration because they have rights to self-determination, then it can also be morally permissible for states to deport and denationalize their own citize…Read more
  •  303
    The ethics of people smuggling
    Journal of Global Ethics 12 (3): 311-326. 2016.
    ABSTRACTPeople smugglers help transport migrants across international borders without authorization and in return for compensation. Many people object to people smuggling and believe that the smuggling of migrants is an evil trade. In this paper, I offer a qualified defense of people smuggling. In particular, I argue that people smuggling that assists refugees in escaping threats to their rights can be morally justified. I then rebut the objections that people smugglers exploit migrants, have de…Read more
  •  210
    Immigration Restrictions and the Right to Avoid Unwanted Obligations
    Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (2): 1-9. 2014.
    No abstract.
  •  27
    The active recruitment of health workers: a defence
    Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10): 603-609. 2013.
    Many organisations in rich countries actively recruit health workers from poor countries. Critics object to this recruitment on the grounds that it has harmful consequences and that it encourages health workers to violate obligations to their compatriots. Against these critics, I argue that the active recruitment of health workers from low-income countries is morally permissible. The available evidence suggests that the emigration of health workers does not in general have harmful effects on hea…Read more
  •  38
    The missing evidence in favour of restricting emigration
    Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (8): 564-565. 2017.
  •  259
    Why Restrictions on the Immigration of Health Workers Are Unjust
    Developing World Bioethics 12 (3): 117-126. 2012.
    Some bioethicists and political philosophers argue that rich states should restrict the immigration of health workers from poor countries in order to prevent harm to people in these countries. In this essay, I argue that restrictions on the immigration of health workers are unjust, even if this immigration results in bad health outcomes for people in poor countries. I contend that negative duties to refrain from interfering with the occupational liberties of health workers outweighs rich states'…Read more
  •  20
    Defending the active recruitment of health workers: a response to commentators
    Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10): 618-620. 2013.
    I am very grateful to the five commentators for taking the time to respond to my article ‘The Active Recruitment of Health Workers: A Defense’.1 I have learned a great deal from each of their commentaries, and I am sorry to say that I will be unable to address all their important comments and criticisms in detail. In this response, I will focus on replying to the commentators’ major objections.In my paper, I suggested that the emigration of health workers from poor countries might not have harmf…Read more