•  9
    Religion as a Macro Social Force Affecting Business: Concepts, Questions, and Future Research
    with Raza Mir and Harry J. Van Buren
    Business and Society 59 (5): 799-822. 2020.
    Religion has been in general neglected or even seen as a taboo subject in organizational research and management practice. This is a glaring omission in the business and society and business ethics literatures. As a source of moral norms and beliefs, religion has historically played a significant role in the vast majority of societies and continues to remain relevant in almost every society. More broadly, expectations for responsible business behavior are informed by regional, national, or indig…Read more
  •  16
    A Pyramid of Hate Perspective on Religious Bias, Discrimination and Violence
    with Faiza Ali
    Journal of Business Ethics 172 (1): 43-58. 2021.
    This study provides a ‘pyramid of hate’ perspective on issues and challenges facing minority religious communities in social and political climates that bestow permission to hate. Previous research shows that adverse social stereotypes and biases, together with non-inclusive policies and practices at the level of the state, create an enabling environment that signals the legitimacy of public hostility towards a minority community. This paper argues that such climates of hate within and outside t…Read more
  •  19
    Implications of Religion, Culture, and Legislation for Gender Equality at Work: Qualitative Insights from Jordan
    with Tamer Koburtay and Radi Haloub
    Journal of Business Ethics 164 (3): 421-436. 2020.
    With a view to consolidating the existing theory development and stimulating new conceptual thinking, this paper explores the implications of culture, religion, and the legal framework on women’s employment and their limited advancement in the hospitality industry, one of the important elements of the economy in Jordan. A related aim is to contrast the egalitarian Islamic approach to gender equality with gender discriminatory tribal traditions that restrict women’s employment and progression. Gu…Read more
  •  24
    Global Business Norms and Islamic Views of Women’s Employment
    with Harry J. Van Buren
    Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (2): 251-276. 2014.
    This article examines the issue of gender equality within Islam in order to develop an ethical framework for businesses operating in Muslim majority countries. We pay attention to the role of women and seemingly inconsistent expectations of Islamic and Western societies with regard to appropriate gender roles. In particular, we contrast a mainstream Western liberal individualist view of freedom and equality—the capability approach, used here as an illustration of mainstream Western liberalism—wi…Read more
  •  4
    Global Business Norms and Islamic Views of Women’s Employment
    with Harry J. Van Buren
    Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (2): 251-276. 2014.
    This article examines the issue of gender equality within Islam in order to develop an ethical framework for businesses operating in Muslim majority countries. We pay attention to the role of women and seemingly inconsistent expectations of Islamic and Western societies with regard to appropriate gender roles. In particular, we contrast a mainstream Western liberal individualist view of freedom and equality—the capability approach, used here as an illustration of mainstream Western liberalism—wi…Read more
  •  22
    Guest Editors’ Introduction: In Pursuit of Islamic akhlaq of Business and Development
    with Beverly Dawn Metcalfe
    Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4): 763-767. 2015.
  •  27
    Managerial Mindsets Toward Corporate Social Responsibility: The Case of Auto Industry in Iran
    with Ebrahim Soltani, Ying-Ying Liao, and Abdullah Iqbal
    Journal of Business Ethics 129 (4): 795-810. 2015.
    Despite a plethora of empirical evidence on the potential role of senior management in the success of corporate social responsibility in Western-dominated organizational contexts, little attempt has been made to document the various managerial mindsets toward CSR in organizations in Muslim-dominated countries in the Middle East region. To address this existing lacuna of theoretical and empirical research in CSR management, this paper offers a qualitative case study of CSR in three manufacturing …Read more